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Antique map - Bird's-eye view plan of Utrecht by Braun and Hogenberg

Item number:24694
Category:Antique maps > europe > Netherlands - Cities
Price: 850 Euro ($1003 / £748)
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Traiectum clara et vetus est Episcopalis Civitas, ... - Braun & Hogenberg, 1582.


Antique map - Bird's-eye view plan of Utrecht by Braun and Hogenberg.

TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: Utrecht is also an important bishopric, whose bishop is of considerable influence in church affairs. Utrecht was [...] called Traiectum in Latin, since there was a possibility of crossing the old Rhine here. [...] The city is generously equipped with moats, bulwarks and blockhouses and a castle, and has many magnificent churches and colleges of canons, of which the noblest is Sint-Maartens. Hadrianus Barlandus writes that the bishop of the college of Utrecht is so rich and powerful that if necessary he can raise 40,000 men in a short time.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN; "Some believe that Utrecht was founded by Antonio, a Roman councillor who fled from the raging tyrant Nero. Many Roman coins and other objects have been found here, from which the city can be judges to have a certain age. In Utrecht there is a royal council that hears litigious cases from the surrounding towns. A magnificent and secure castle, by the name of Vredenburg, was also built here on the orders of Emperor Charles V."

The episcopal city of Utrecht, located on the confluence of several small rivers in the middle of the Netherlands, is here presented in a bird's-eye view. Particularly striking are the virtually rectangular town plan and the large number of churches, of which the most important is the Gothic cathedral of Sint-Maarten in the city centre. Numerous Romanesque churches also survive (Sint-Pieter, Sint-Jan, Sint-Nicolaas). Utrecht is one of the oldest cities in the Netherlands and goes back to a Roman settlement that was probably called Traiectum ("river crossing"). In the 7th century Willibrord, the bishop of Frisia, began his mission here. By the 12th century the fortified town was already an important religious and economic centre. In 1559 Utrecht became the seat of an archishopric. In 1576 revolt broke out against the Spanish forces. Three years later the seven northern provinces of the Netherlands united against the Spanish in the Union of Utrecht. Lastly, the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht at the start of the 18th century brought an end to the War of the Spanish Succession. (Taschen)

Date of the first edition: 1572
Date of this map: 1582

Copper engraving
Size: 48 x 33cm (18.6 x 12.9 inches)
Verso text: German
Condition: Contemporary old coloured, age-toned, offsetting.
Condition Rating: B
References: Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.78.

From: Beschreibung und Contrafactur der vornembster Stät der Welt. [Part 1] Cologne, Gottfried von Kempen, 1582. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:2.1)

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