Sanderus catalogue

Old antique plan of Strait of Messina by Braun & Hogenberg

Item number:16560
Category:Antique maps > europe > Italy - Cities
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Price: 1200 Euro ($1332 / £1056)
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Prospectus Freti Siculi vulgo il Faro di Messina. - Braun & Hogenberg, c. 1625

Old map - bird's-eye view of the Strait of Messina by Braun & Hogenberg, after a drawing by Pieter Brueghel and adapted by G. Hoefnagel in 1617.

TRANSLATION OF CAPTION: View of the Strait of Sicily, in the vernacular the "Strait of Messina". A strait, dangerous and flowing in two directions, into the Tuscan Sea and into the Ionian Sea, full of whirlpools, known as Scylla and Charybdis because of their ferocity.

CARTOUCHE BOTTOM RIGHT: Discovered among autograph studies by Pieter Brueghel, the great painter of our time. Drawn by himself: procured by Georg Hoefnagel. In the year 1617.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "But the Latin authors refer to this strait by many names - there is no need to list them all here. It is so narrow that in some places it is scarcely 6,000 paces wide, and so stormy that there are more dangers here than on the high seas, both because of the two rocks Scylla and Charybdis and because of the strong current. [...] This mountain is so high that it can be seen not only in the whole of Sicily, but also in Calabria on the other side of the sea. [...] Now although the interior of this mountain is always burning, and flames shoot up, sometimes bright and sometimes dark, it is always full of snow at the places where the fire burns most fiercely, even in the middle of the summer. Thus, the snow is not melted by the fire, nor is the fire extinguished by the snow."

This is a view from the northeast of the Strait of Messina, with many ships passing to and fro. Part of the city of Reggio (B) and the Calabrian hinterland (A) can be seen on the left; on the right is the fortified city of Messina (D) with its characteristic crescent-shaped harbour, surrounded by green hills. In the middle of the city is the cathedral of Maria Santissima Assunta. The view is dominated by the smoking Mount Etna (A), at over 3,300m the highest volcano in Europe. That Braun should choose for the very last chapter of his lifework the place were, according to the ancients, the monsters Scylla and Charybdis dwelt, may be understood as a bow to Odysseus - not only the most prominent person to have passed through this strait, but also the first traveller in the history of humanity. (Taschen)

Date of the first edition: 1617
Date of this map: c. 1625

Copper engraving
Size: 30.5 x 47.5cm (11.9 x 18.4 inches)
Verso text: French
Condition: Contemporary coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, 2706; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.490; Fauser, 8760.

From: Théatre des Principales Villes de tout l'Univers. Vol. VI. c. 1625. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:3.6)

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