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Old antique bird's-eye view plan of Bristol, by Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg.

Item number:26681
Category:Antique maps > europe > british isles
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Price: 850 Euro ($960.5 / £756.5)
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Brightstowe, Vulgo; Quondam Venta, Florentissimum. - Braun Georg & Hogenberg Franz, 1581.


Old bird's-eye view plan of Bristol, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

With key to locations.

TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: Brightstowe, in English Bristol; once a thriving English centre of trade.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Bristol is a well-known, and after London the most important, centre of trade in England, 5,000 paces away from the sea and built up along both side of the River Avon. Both parts of the city are linked by stone bridges lined with buildings on both sides, so that one doesn't notice when going over the bridge that it is one. The ocean in this region is very stormy, since the tides are very strongly felt. Because of plentiful fishing the fishermen set off twice a year to America, that is, to the northernmost part of the world, today called the New World."

The bird's-eye view depicts the trading city of Bristol, which is located by the sea in the southwest of England and is separated into two parts by the broad winding River Avon. In the background the small River Frome divides the city centre shown in the middle of the plate. In the foreground lies the southern suburb of Redcliffe. As a wool and cloth-trading city, Bristol, founded at the turn of the 11th century, took an increasing important role and was for centuries England's second most important city after London. The bridge gave the city its name early on: the Old English name Brycgstow means the "place at the bridge". The castle on the right, which is well fortified and has a moat, was erected under Norman rule. Bristol was the homeport of an important merchant fleet, which led to the founding of the renowned Society of Merchant Ventures; in 1497 the city became the departure point for John Cabot's expedition to North America.

Date of the first edition: 1581
Date of this map: 1581

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 33 x 49cm (12.9 x 19.1 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Original coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krogt 4, 651, State 1; Fauser, #1972; Taschen, Br. Hog., p. 204.

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum. . Liber tertius. Cologne, Gottfried von Kempen, 1581. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.3)

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