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Antique map - Bird's-eye view of Pápa in Hungary, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg, after Georg Hoefnagel.

Item number:26991
Category:Antique maps > europe > central europe
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Papa, Inferioris Hungariae Oppidum. - Braun Georg & Hogenberg Frans, 1618.


Antique map - Bird's-eye view of Pápa in Hungary, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg, after Georg Hoefnagel.

Key to 10 locations.

CAPTION: Pápa. Town in Lower Hungary.

CARTOUCHES: Received from Philipp Fernandus by Georg Hoefnagel, who passed it on.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "This fortress was conquered by Emin Pasha in 1592, together with Sisak, Vesprém and Palota, through Christian treachery. Some of the garrison defected to the Turks and showed them the fortress's weak points. Thus the garrison was unable to hold the fortress well, and they gave it up without good cause. If they had been a bit more courageous, they would have been able to hold out much longer. But they got their deserts. For although they had been promised they would be able to leave without any harm to person or property, they were surrounded by Turkish horsemen in the open countryside and almost all were killed."

This plate portrays human cruelty in a manner that is rare in the work by Braun and Hogenberg: in the left foreground is a depiction of the impaling of Christians by the Deli, a special cavalry unit of the Ottomans, identifiable by their feather headdresses. In the background are the town and castle (A), seen from the south, surrounded on three sides by a moat, and completely enclosed by a rampart and palisade. The castle, visible in the middle at the top, stands on a hill and is additionally protected by its own rampart and moat on the town side. Mentioned for the first time in the 11th century, Pápa developed only slowly into a market town. In the 16th century it was an important centre of the Protestant Reformation in western Hungary.

Date of the first edition: 1617
Date of this map: 1618

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 33.5 x 49cm (13.1 x 19.1 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Original coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krogt 4, 3294; Fauser, 10574; Taschen, Br. Hog., p.471.

From: Theatri praecipuarum Totius Mundi Urbium Liber Sextus Anno MDCXVIII. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.6)

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