New England - Virginia by Nicolaes Visscher II, with view of New York.
Novi Belgii novaeque Angliae nec non partis Virginiae Tabula., c. 1684.
Old map of the northeast of the U.S. with an inset view of New York ("Nieuw Amsterdam"), by Nicolaes Visscher II.
Date of the first edition: c. 1655 (= first state)
Date of this map: c. 1684
Size (not including margins): 46.5 x 55.5cm (18.1 x 21.6 inches)
Condition: Original coloured, small repair at centrefold + reinforcement at lower centrefold (outside the image), two vertical printers creases in centre (flattened). Nice copy.
Condition Rating: A
References: Burden, 315, State 4; Baynton-Williams New Worlds, p.88.
From: Separate publication, appeared also in composite atlases.
"Although the map itself is largely derived from that of Joannes Janssonius, 1651, it is of extreme importance for introducing a view of New Amsterdam in the lower right. This is probably the second published view of the city, the first being that of Joost Hartgers in 1651. It is possible that the previously unrecorded view affixed to the Jan Mathisz, c.1655, also pre-dates this. The authorship of the Visscher view is not known, some authorities claim that it was Augustine Herrman, although Stokes refutes this. The extensive study of the view in Stokes suggests a probable date for the original of between autumn, 1652, and summer, 1653. If correctly identified the building far left was not constructed until after 30 April 1652. It could not have been drawn after the 'wall' was built in 1653. This was an important feature at the time in the security of the town. Therefore the printed map could have appeared as early as the end of 1653, but no later than 1655.
In 1679 Visscher died leaving his son, Nicolaas Visscher II, to continue the business. Late in 1683 Thomas Holme's grid plan of the town of Philadelphia was published. The following year a Dutch edition appeared by Jacob Claus. It was most probably following this that Visscher placed Philadelphia on the map in grid form. A privilege was added to the plate for the fourth state, which can be dated from as early as 1684 (Phillips 3449) to as late as 1696 (National Maritime Museum). States 2 to 4 are found in the various Visscher family atlases. The second state can be found inserted into examples of Blaeu and Janssonius atlases. Visscher II died in 1702, but the busines flourished under the guidance of his widow, Elizabeth, until her death in 1726. Sometime either before this, or following, the plate came into the hands of Petrus Schenk Jr., who promptly added his imprint." (Burden)