Jerusalem, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.
Hierosolyma Urbs Sancta, Iudeae, Totiusque Orientis Longe Clarissima ... - Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg, 1597.
Old, antique bird's-eye view plan of Jerusalem, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.
Date of the first edition: 1575
Date of this map: 1597
Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 33 x 41.5cm (12.8 x 16.2 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Original coloured, some wear along centrefold.
Condition Rating: A
From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, ... Part 2: De Praecipuis, Totius Universi Urbibus, Liber Secundus. Köln, Bertram Buchholz, 1597. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.2)
With key to locations.
The map is largerly based on the map in the diary by Ulrich Prefat von Wikanau, published in the Czech language in 1563, which was copied after the map by the Venetian artist Domenico dalle Greche.
TRANSLATION OF CAPTION: This is Jerusalem, I have set it in the midst of the nations and countries that are round about her."
CARTOUCHE: Jerusalem, the holy city, the most famous of Judea and the entire East, whose size and splendour marvels the imagination.
COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The particular holiness and significance of Jerusalem stems from the divine prophecies and miracles that God, in all his supreme power, created there. Especially, however, because Christ, the Son of God, as he walked the earth, not only lived and learned mostly in this city, but also accomplished many wondrous deeds: his prayers, his suffering, death, burial, resurrection, Ascension, spreading the Holy Spirit and dispatching his disciples out into the world."
Whereas the first depiction of Jerusalem shows the city as described in the Old Testament, this second plate features a contemporary bird's-eye view from the otherworldly height of Kidron Valley as well as the most important sites and structures having to do with the life of Jesus and his disciples: among others the birthplace of Mary, the Calvary and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the residences of Pontius Pilate and Herod, the place before the city gates were Stephen was stoned as well as where John the Baptist was beheaded. In the centre of the image the Temple of Solomon is depicted - since the late 7th century the location of the Islamic Dome of the Rock that bears a crescent on its dome. (Taschen)