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Wien, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

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Vienna Austriae Metropolis, Urbs Toto Orbe Notissima Celebratissimaq, Unicum Hodie in Oriente contra Saevissimum Turcam Invictum Propugnacvium., 1572-1624.

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Item Number:  22339
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Austria

Antique map - bird's-eye view of Wien by Braun and Hogenberg.

TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: Vienna, Austria's capital, city known and famed the whole world over, the only bulwark in the east unconquered by the ferocious Turks.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Vienna is an important city with impregnable walls that are so secure that Vienna can be called the protector of Christianity against the blood-thirsty Turks. Vienna's suburbs are large and magnificent. The churches constructed to the glory of God and the saints are very finely decorated and appear almost transparent, even though they are made of hard-hewn stone; noblest amongst them is St Stephen's. Vienna also has a very praiseworthy university, implanted here from Rome and Paris around 1337 by Emperor Frederick II."

Vienna is shown in a profile view from the west, with the Kahlenberg Hill on the far left. In the second half of the 12th century Vienna developed into the residence of the Duchy of Austria and a city wall was built around it at the beginning of the 13th century. In 1221 Vienna was granted a municipal charter, the university was founded in 1365 and the city became an episcopal see in 1469. In the 15th century trade declined, but the city's position as residence of the Holy Roman Empire was able to compensate the commercial losses. After the Siege of Vienna by the Ottoman army in 1529, the city's fortifications were rebuilt. The new fortifications, highly praised by Braun, resisted another Turkish siege before the Battle of Vienna in 1683. (Taschen)
From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, ... Part 1. Köln, 1572-1624. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.1)

Copper engraving
Size: 15 x 47cm (5.9 x 18.3 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Uncoloured, excellent
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, 4835, State 2; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.98.

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, ... Part 1. Köln, 1572-1624. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.1)