Antique map - views of Wien and Budapest by Braun and Hogenberg
Vienna Austriae Metropolis, Urbs Toto Orbe Notissima Celebratissimaq, Unicum Hodie in Oriente contra Saevissimum Turcam Invictum Propugnacvium [in set with:] Buda, vulgo Ofen, prima & regia Ungarici regni civitas, ... - Braun & Hogenberg.
Bird's-eye views of Wien and Budapest.
WIEN (Vienna) TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: Vienna, Austria's capital, city known and famed the whole world over, the only bulwark in the east unconquered by the ferocious Turks.
COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Vienna is an important city with impregnable walls that are so secure that Vienna can be called the protector of Christianity against the blood-thirsty Turks. Vienna's suburbs are large and magnificent. The churches constructed to the glory of God and the saints are very finely decorated and appear almost transparent, even though they are made of hard-hewn stone; noblest amongst them is St Stephen's. Vienna also has a very praiseworthy university, implanted here from Rome and Paris around 1337 by Emperor Frederick II."
Vienna is shown in a profile view from the west, with the Kahlenberg-Hill on the far left. In the second half of the 12th century Vienna developed into the residence of the Duchy of Austria and a city wall was built around it at the beginning of the 13th century. In 1221 Vienna was granted a municipal charter, the university was founded in 1365 and the city became an episcopal see in 1469. In the 15th century trade declined, but the city's position as residence of the Holy Roman Empire was able to compensate the commercial losses. After the Siege of Vienna by the Ottoman army in 1529, the city's fortifications were rebuilt. The new fortifications, highly praised by Braun, resisted another Turkish siege before the Battle of Vienna in 1683. (Taschen**)
TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: Buda, commonly known as Ofen, capital and royal city of Hungary, on the Danube. According to Ptolemy it was called Curta, or as others believe, Salmum (F. Ireneus).
COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: " King Sigismund had magnificent houses built in Budapest, and within the citadel a palace in the ancient Roman style. [...] He also constructed a huge high palace in the town of Pest on the other side of the Danube, and he wanted to link both palaces with a bridge over the Danube. But envious Death prevented such an ambitious undertaking. [...] The city now lies in the hands of the Turks, who captured it in 1529, and much to the ruin and misery of the Christians who lived there." (Taschen)
This view is made after a woodcut by Erhard Schön.
Date of this print: 1635
Date of the first edition: 1572
Size: 31.5 x 47cm (12.3 x 18.3 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Old coloured, excellent, on heavy paper.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, 4835, State 2 (with the lower left corner broken off); Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.98.
From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, Liber Primus. Köln, Petrus von Brachel, 1635 (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.1)