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London, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

TRANSLATION OF CAPTION: London, exceptionally fast growing English royal city.

CARTOUCHE LEFT: London, king of all the cities in England, situated on the River Thames. Caesar, so it is said, called it Trinobantum, it is famed amongst many peoples for its commerce, adorned with houses and churches, distinguished by fortifications, famed for men of all arts and sciences, lastly for its wealth in all things. Goods from all over the world are brought hither on her Thames, as it is navigable for 60,000 paces at high tide.

CARTOUCHE RIGHT: STILLIARDS or, in German, Hanse, a confederation of many cities and communities, established for safe trading on land and sea, lastly for tranquillity and peace in public affairs and for the honourable education of the young. Granted privileges and concessions most of all by the rulers of England, France, Denmark and Great Moscow, also of Flanders and Brabant. It has four markets, called counting houses by some, in which the merchants reside and conduct their business. One of these is salient here in London for domestic trade, namely the Teutonic Guildhall, commonly known as Stilliard.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Although this city is already very large, it also still has beautiful suburbs and a magnificent castle, called the Tower. It is embellished to the best possible degree with splendid buildings and churches and possesses 120 parish churches. [...] The fame of all other cities is utterly exceeded by London [...]. It is a powerful city of commerce [...] furnished with abundance and wealth in all things. The Thames brings riches from all over the world, since even large vessels can sail right into the city on the tide. Here the kings are crowned and installed in office, here too the parliament is held by 24 citizens, called aldermen, according to old English custom."

The first volume of the Civitates opens with this magnificent plan view of London seen from a bird's-eye perspective and reproduces the city as it looked around 1550, as can be seen e.g. from the fact that St Paul's cathedral is depicted with a tall spire, which was destroyed in 1561. The royal barge can be seen on the Thames in the very centre of the picture. Establishing itself on the south bank of the river is the new district of Southwark, which would officially become part of London after 1550: visible near the centrefold are the theatres, or more specifically arenas, in which bull and bear fights were staged.
Shown on a magnified scale in the foreground are four people in contemporary dress standing on a fictive grassy hillock, as it were, enjoying an idealized view of the city. They embody the English fashion of the first half of the 16th century: the men and women, although they belong to different social classes, continue to wear high, closed ruffs, something that changed towards the end of the century.

The representation derives from a lost 15-part city plan, of which today only three plates survive. The original plan was probably commissioned by the Hanseatic League, which is indicated by the emphasis on describing the Hansa trading centre as "Steelyard" (Stilliard) and the praise meted out to the Hansa for its special status in worldwide trade. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver on numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Londinum Feracissimi Angliae Regni Metropolis., c. 1610.

€6200  ($6944 / £5580)
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Item Number:  27464  new
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > British Isles
References: Van der Krogt 4 - #2433, Darlington-Howgego - State 4, Fauser - 2.2, Taschen, Br. Hog. - #7941

Old, antique map - bird's-eye plan of London, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

Date of the first edition: 1572
Date of this map: c. 1610

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 33 x 48.5cm (12.9 x 18.9 inches)
Verso text: German
Condition: Original coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krogt 4, 2433, State 4; Darlington-Howgego, 2.2; Fauser, #7941; Tasschen, Br. Hog., p.50.

From: Beschreibung und Contrafactur der Vornembster Stät der Welt. 1574. [c. 1610] (Van der Krogt 4, 41:2.1(1610))

TRANSLATION OF CAPTION: London, exceptionally fast growing English royal city.

CARTOUCHE LEFT: London, king of all the cities in England, situated on the River Thames. Caesar, so it is said, called it Trinobantum, it is famed amongst many peoples for its commerce, adorned with houses and churches, distinguished by fortifications, famed for men of all arts and sciences, lastly for its wealth in all things. Goods from all over the world are brought hither on her Thames, as it is navigable for 60,000 paces at high tide.

CARTOUCHE RIGHT: STILLIARDS or, in German, Hanse, a confederation of many cities and communities, established for safe trading on land and sea, lastly for tranquillity and peace in public affairs and for the honourable education of the young. Granted privileges and concessions most of all by the rulers of England, France, Denmark and Great Moscow, also of Flanders and Brabant. It has four markets, called counting houses by some, in which the merchants reside and conduct their business. One of these is salient here in London for domestic trade, namely the Teutonic Guildhall, commonly known as Stilliard.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Although this city is already very large, it also still has beautiful suburbs and a magnificent castle, called the Tower. It is embellished to the best possible degree with splendid buildings and churches and possesses 120 parish churches. [...] The fame of all other cities is utterly exceeded by London [...]. It is a powerful city of commerce [...] furnished with abundance and wealth in all things. The Thames brings riches from all over the world, since even large vessels can sail right into the city on the tide. Here the kings are crowned and installed in office, here too the parliament is held by 24 citizens, called aldermen, according to old English custom."

The first volume of the Civitates opens with this magnificent plan view of London seen from a bird's-eye perspective and reproduces the city as it looked around 1550, as can be seen e.g. from the fact that St Paul's cathedral is depicted with a tall spire, which was destroyed in 1561. The royal barge can be seen on the Thames in the very centre of the picture. Establishing itself on the south bank of the river is the new district of Southwark, which would officially become part of London after 1550: visible near the centrefold are the theatres, or more specifically arenas, in which bull and bear fights were staged.
Shown on a magnified scale in the foreground are four people in contemporary dress standing on a fictive grassy hillock, as it were, enjoying an idealized view of the city. They embody the English fashion of the first half of the 16th century: the men and women, although they belong to different social classes, continue to wear high, closed ruffs, something that changed towards the end of the century.

The representation derives from a lost 15-part city plan, of which today only three plates survive. The original plan was probably commissioned by the Hanseatic League, which is indicated by the emphasis on describing the Hansa trading centre as "Steelyard" (Stilliard) and the praise meted out to the Hansa for its special status in worldwide trade. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver on numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.