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Cambrai by Braun & Hogenberg 1588-97

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Cambrai is a broad, very handsome and well fortified town on the Schelde, which flows through it. It has a splendid fortified castle built by Charles V on the top of a hill. St Gaugericus, the bishop of Cambrai, had a magnificent church built there in honour of St Medardus. The town houses are most handsome, but the churches and monasteries are even more splendid. Rising above them is the old church of Our Lady, which is also the bishop's seat."

Cambrai was granted a municipal charter in 1076. It is presented here in cavalier perspective from the top of an imaginary hill. The detailed depiction of the fortifications, originally built by Charlemagne around AD 800, and of the churches, especially the Gothic cathedral of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, testifies to a high degree of topographical reliability. The town hall (La maison de ville) can also be clearly discerned. From 1550 the tower of the church of Saint Martin was the belfry of Cambrai, and still serves as such today. The church of the abbey of Saint-Aubert, today the church of Saint-Géry, goes back to the remains of a 6th-century ecclesiastical building. In the 16th century Cambrai was the scene of some important historical events: in 1508 the League of Cambrai was founded here, in which Louis XII of France, the holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, Ferdinand II of Spain and Pope Julius II formed an alliance to curb the Republic of Venice's influence in northern Italy. It was here, in 1529, that Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V signed the Treaty of Cambrai, also known as the Paix des Dames. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Item Number:  10781
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > France

Old, antique panoramic view of Cambrai, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

Vue panoramique antique de Cambrai, par Georg Braun et Frans Hogenberg.

Copper engraving
Size: 33 x 45.5cm (12.9 x 17.7 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Old coloured.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt, 756, state 1; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.276.

From: Liber quartus Urbium Praecipuarum totius Mundi. Cologne, 1588-97. (Koeman, B&H4, Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.4)

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Cambrai is a broad, very handsome and well fortified town on the Schelde, which flows through it. It has a splendid fortified castle built by Charles V on the top of a hill. St Gaugericus, the bishop of Cambrai, had a magnificent church built there in honour of St Medardus. The town houses are most handsome, but the churches and monasteries are even more splendid. Rising above them is the old church of Our Lady, which is also the bishop's seat."

Cambrai was granted a municipal charter in 1076. It is presented here in cavalier perspective from the top of an imaginary hill. The detailed depiction of the fortifications, originally built by Charlemagne around AD 800, and of the churches, especially the Gothic cathedral of Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, testifies to a high degree of topographical reliability. The town hall (La maison de ville) can also be clearly discerned. From 1550 the tower of the church of Saint Martin was the belfry of Cambrai, and still serves as such today. The church of the abbey of Saint-Aubert, today the church of Saint-Géry, goes back to the remains of a 6th-century ecclesiastical building. In the 16th century Cambrai was the scene of some important historical events: in 1508 the League of Cambrai was founded here, in which Louis XII of France, the holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, Ferdinand II of Spain and Pope Julius II formed an alliance to curb the Republic of Venice's influence in northern Italy. It was here, in 1529, that Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V signed the Treaty of Cambrai, also known as the Paix des Dames. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.