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Poitiers and Montargis by Braun and Hogenberg 1596

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Pictavia Vulgo Poictiers [on sheet with:] La pierre levee demie lieue de Poictiers [and] Prospectus Montis Henrici vulgo Montherri.

€550  ($643.5 / £467.5)
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Item Number:  24149
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > France

Three views on one sheet, painted by Georg Hoefnagel in 1561.

POITIERS - The Raised Stone of Poitiers:

TRANSLATION OF CAPTIONS: Pictavia, in the vernacular Poitiers. - The Pierre levée, a half mile from Poitiers.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "A gently burbling little stream makes the view of the city even more attractive. [...] About half a mile from Poitiers on the road to Berry, one can admire an extremely large rock resting on five smaller rocks, about 14 feet wide. Walkers generally carve their names into it as a memento. How and in what manner this rock was put there has been the subject of much discussion, but nothing certain can be written about it."

In the top illustration, the city of Poitiers is presented in a view from the east. Prominent in the foreground is the Pont Neuf leading over the Clain. The steeples on the skyline include those of the Romanesque church of Saint-Hilaire-le-Grand on the far left, the Gothic cathedral of Saint-Pierre and the Romanesque church of Sainte-Radegonde on the far right, and somewhat to their left, less prominently, the late Romanesque church of Notre-Dame-la Grande. The illustration below left shows a dolmen known as the "Raised stone of Poitiers", a massive, flat rock resting on five smaller stones. This Megalithic tomb lies about half a mile from Poitiers on the road to Bourges. As mentioned in the text, the stone has been carved with the names of passers-by, here including the draughtsman Georg Hoefnagel in 1561, the cartographer Abraham Ortelius and the author Georg Braun, who is supposed to have visited the spot in 1580.

MONTARGIS:

CAPTION: View of Montis Henrici, in the vernacular Montargis.

The illustration shows the town of Montargis, which lies east of Orléans on the Loing. Its main sights are the hilltop château, dating back to the 11th century, today only a ruin, and the parish church of Sainte-Madeleine. The draughtsman Georg Hoefnagel is visible on the left above the sunken road. (Taschen)

Copper engraving
Size: 37 x 49.5cm (14.4 x 19.3 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Old coloured, old reinforcement at lower centrefold split.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, 3430; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.380.

From: Urbium Praeipuarum Mundi Theatrum Quintum Auctore Georgio Braunio Agrippinate. Part 5. Köln, 1598. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.5)

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.