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Saint-Germain-en-Laye and Fontainebleau, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Portrait des Chasteaux Royaux de Sainct Germain en Laye [on sheet with] Portrait de la Maison Royale de Fontaine Belleau., 1618.

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Item Number:  16387
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > France
References: Van der Krogt 4 - 4113; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg - p.439

Two bird's-eye plans of the royal palaces in Saint-Germain-en-Laye and Fontainebleau by Braun and Hogenberg.

PALACE OF SAINT-GERMAIN-EN-LAYE

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "What can I say about the wide open spaces, the splendid, truly royal palaces, the most charming pleasure gardens [...], to say nothing of the fountains and man-made waterworks, which especially in the summer provide special pleasure and enjoyment? [...] Even more surprising is a nymph or virgin who plays on pleasantly sounding organ driven by the water. And mechanical nightingales can be seen and heard, singing as lustily as if they were alive."

The engraving shows an aerial view from the east of the palace built by Henry II on a hill above the Seine, one of the main residences of the French kings until the removal of the court to Versailles in 1682. In the centre the Château Neuf can be identified, built by Henry II, which forms a unit with the rigorously symmetrical gardens laid out by Henry IV. These consist of great ramps, stairways and parterres arranged along a central axis, in the walls of terraces were grottoes with waterworks. The Château Vieux, the outlines of which can be made out in the background, is still preserved today, but the Château Neuf and its famous gardens have been almost completely built over.

PALACE OF FONTAINEBLEAU

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "Francis I, king of France, decided to build a royal palace at this place, which was to become as it were the head of all the châteaux in France. To achieve this he commisioned the most renowned architects that could be found in all Europe [...]. This brave prince, as charitable father and protector of the liberal arts and of scholars, also built a handsome library here, in which he himself often liked to sit."

This is an isometric view from the west of the palace of Fontainebleau. The Renaissance palace, built around several courtyards, was laid out by King Francis I at the beginning of the 16th century. For the interior decoration he engaged reputed Italian artists such as Rosso Fiorentino, Francesco Primaticcio and Niccolo dell'Abbate. The gardens to the east of the palace were designed in the Italian Renaissance style for his son, Henry II, husband of Catherine de' Medici. (Taschen)

Date of the first edition: 1617
Date of this map: 1618

Copper engraving
Size: 35 x 46.5cm (13.7 x 18.1 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Excellent, nice old colour.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, 4113; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.439.

From: Theatri praecipuarum Totius Mundi Urbium Liber Sextus Anno MDCXVIII. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.6)

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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