This product is successfully added to your cart
Questions about this product?

Lyon - Vienne by Braun & Hogenberg

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

back

Lugdunum vulgo Lion [on sheet with] Vienna vulgo Vienne - Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg.

€400  ($472 / £368)
add to cart
questions?

Item Number:  21367
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > France

Old map with two bird's-eye views by Braun and Hogenberg: Lyon and Vienne.

LYON

CAPTION: Lugdunum, in the vernacular Lyon.

Signed centre: Drawn by Georg Hoefnagel after the original by another artist.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "Lyons is flanked on one side by two densely forested mountains, on the other side flow the Rhône and the Saône. The city lies, so to speak, in the middle of Europe and hence is also considered the heart of France. [...] Four times a year the merchants come to visit the important fairs."

Lyons is seen here from a slightly elevated position to the north. The viewpoint is particularly advantageous as it allows the confluence of the Rhône and Saône, the fortress and the surrounding hills as well as the situation and layout of the city to be seen at a glance. Clearly visible are the ramparts leading down to the Rhône on the left and ascending steeply past Mount Fourvière on the right.

VIENNE

CAPTION: Vienna, in the vernacular Vienne de France.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Vienne, the capital of the Dauphiné, is one of the oldest cities in France; it borders the Rhône and the territory of Lyons, which is why it lived in discord with Lyons in the past. That Vienne is a very ancient city can also be seen from the bridge over the Rhône, which was built by Tiberius Gracchus on his march through Gaul and who has a castle built on both sides as a garrison."

The view of Vienne is dominated in the foreground by Mount Pipet with its fortress, on whose site there now remains only a chapel and a statue of the Virgin from the 19th century. Within the city itself, which runs along the bank of the Rhône at the foot of Mount Pipet, the Romanesque monastery church of Saint-André-Le-Bas is visible on the right, whereas on the far left one of France's oldest churches can be seen, the former cathedral of Saint-Pierre, whose origins date back to the 5th century. Vienne is famous above all for its Roman past: Roman legionaries settled in the later colony of Vienna as early as the last quarter of the 2nd century BC. Numerous vestiges from this era have survived up the present, including the Roman theatre, still used today, and the temple of Augustus and Livia.

Hoefnagel drew this view after a pen drawing in the Berlin Kupferstichkabinett done between 1568 and 1572 by an anonymous artist called Fabriczy, a pupil of Pieter Brueghel the Elder's.

Copper engraving
Size: 37.5 x 46.5cm (14.6 x 18.1 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Old coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A

References: Van der Krogt 4, 2532; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.370.

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, ... Part 5. Köln, 1598.

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.