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Tours and Angers, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. c. 1610

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Turones vulgo Tours, le Iardin de France. [on sheet with:] Andegavum vulgo Angiers.

€400  ($468 / £340)
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Item Number:  25956
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > France
References: Van der Krogt 4 - 4456; Fauser - #14138 & #457; Taschen, Br. Hog. - p.371

Old, antique map with two bird's-eye views by Braun and Hogenberg: Tours and Angers.

Carte ancienne avec deux vues à vol d'oiseau: Tours et Angers.

TOURS

CAPTION: Turones, in the vernacular Tours, the garden of France.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The Touronians are the most ancient and noble of all the other peoples of France [...] Tours is also one of France's richest cities, whose wealth is founded on its fertile arable land, they also conduct lively trade and manufacture very fine cloth, as soft and handsome as if it had been made in Italy."

In this second engraving of Tours, the city is seen from the opposite direction, i.e. from the north looking across the Loire and the Island of Aucard. Rising in front of the Gothic cathedral of Saint-Gatien in the left half of the picture is the château of the kings of France, including the Tour de Guise that still stands today. On the far right is Notre-Dame-la-Riche. The draughtsman has depicted himself at work in the left-hand foreground.

ANGERS

CAPTION: Andegavum, in the vernacular Angers.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The city of Angers lies on the Maine, which divides it into two halves, so that one part lies to the southeast and the other towards the west. The local merchants have the right to mint their own coins."

Angers, the former capital of Anjou, is seen from the west. Far left lies the Benedictine abbey of Saint-Serge. The cathedral of Saint-Maurice can be seen in the centre and, beside it, the episcopal palace. In front of the cathedral on the left rises the massive tower of Saint-Aubin abbey, today all that survives of the former monastery complex, whose other buildings have since been converted for public use, such as the Prefecture and a banquet hall. To the right of the cathedral lies the Château d'Angers, a fortress surrounded by a wall with 17 towers. The staffage figures in the foreground refer to a distinctive feature of the area around Angers: the quarrying of slate. (Taschen)

Both engravings are made after drawings by Georg Hoefnagel.

Date of the first edition: 1596
Date of this map: c. 1610

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 34.5 x 46cm (13.5 x 17.9 inches)
Verso text: French
Condition: Original coloured, centrefold repaired.
Condition Rating: B
References: Van der Krogt 4, 4456; Fauser, #14138 & #457; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.371.

From: Théâtre des Principales Villes de tout l'Univers. Tome 5. c. 1610.

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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