Holland - Leo Hollandicus - by C.J. Visscher. 1622
t' Graefschap Hollandt / COMITATUS HOLLANDIAE Denuo Formâ Leonis Curiosè editus a Nicolao Iohannis Visscher Anno 1622.
Old map of Holland - Leo Hollandicus - by C.J. Visscher.
Date of the first edition: 1622
Date of this map: 1622
Size: 45.5 x 55.5cm (17.7 x 21.6 inches)
Condition: New lower margin, lower neatline reinstated. Nice dark impression.
Condition Rating: B+
References: Schilder 6, 72.1.
Separate publication. - From a composite atlas called "Atlas Iprensis".
One of four recorded copies of the first state (of three states).
On this map, Holland is depicted in the form of a rampant lion. Michael von Aitzing (Aitsinger) originally introduced the lion as a symbol for the map of the Seventeen Provinces as a whole. Claes Jansz Visscher, however, composed the Leo Hollandicus in imitation of Von Aitzing's Leo Belgicus, showing in this way the most powerful province of the Northern Netherlands in political, economic and financial terms. Therefore the Leo Hollandicus bears in its sword the device PATRIAE DEFENSIO. Visscher published the map one year after the end of the Twelve Year's Truce (1609-21) when the war between the Northern Netherlands and the Spanish king started again.
The first map title is in the centre of the top border above the coat of arms of the province of Holland. The second map title is in an upright oval cartouche, decorated with an angel with a trumpet of fame. In the lower right corner is a decorative cartouche, crowned by a shield with a coat of arms, with a nine-line dedication to Maurice, Prince of Orange. Below this dedication cartouche is the imprint. Between the hind legs of the lion is a cartouche with two bar scales, and a compass rose appears in the lion's right forepaw.
The map is framed on all sides by decorative borders. In the top border the coat of arms if the County of Holland is flanked on both sides by costumed figures watching the wind-powered wagons on the beach and the ice-sledge on a frozen canal.
The side borders are occupied by town views in oval frames. Left border: Dordrecht; Delft; Amsterdam; Rotterdam; Alckmaer and Enckhuysen. Right border: Haerlem, Leyden; Dergou; Den Briel; Hoorn and T'Hof van Hollant. Along the bottom border runs a series of coats of arms of 32 Dutch towns, with captions above them.