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Antique map - bird's-eye view plan and view of Amersfoort by Braun and Hogenberg

TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: Amersfoort, a town in the Diocese of Utrecht, highly distinguished by its pleasant location and the fecundity of its soil.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Amersfoort, which has its name ab amore forti, that is, by steadfast love or concord among its citizens, is a renowned city in the bishopric of Utrecht. [...] Its old ring walls and moats show that it was once quite small, but then grew steadily so that a new town was built around the old one and it thus became greatly expanded."

This plate contains a plan and a view. The first is a bird's-eye plan of the town from the south. Several streams flow into the double canal ring, and the Eem drains away in the northwest. The centre of the town is dominated by the main square with the three-nave Gothic Sint-Joriskerk. To the southwest of it can be seen the spire of the late Gothic Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe-Kerk, which is almost 100 m high. A settlement here is first documented in 1028, and it was granted a municipal charter in 1259; it had flourishing brewing and textile industries and became a member of the Hanseatic League. Because of the expanding population, new fortifications were built between 1450 and 1561, which can be seen here with its many towers and gates, including the Koppelpoort, where the Eem flows out of the town. The second view shows the town from an elevated position in the north. On the right is the Eem, with the Koppel gate in the city, and close to it, rising above the rest, the tower of Our Lady. Left of centre is the Sint-Joriskerk, and Amersfoort Hill can be seen in the background. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Amorfortia Diocesis Ultraiectensis Oppidum amoenitate loci solique fertilitate admodum insigne. - Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg, 1599.

€450  ($522 / £409.5)
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Item Number:  24089
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Netherlands - Cities

Antique map - bird's-eye view plan and view of Amersfoort by Braun and Hogenberg.

Date of the first edition: 1588
Date of this map: 1599

Copper engraving
Size: 36 x 37.5cm (14 x 14.5 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: excellent.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, 99, State 2; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.290.

From: Liber quartus Urbium Praecipuarum totius Mundi. Cologne, Bertram Buchholtz, 1599. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.4(1599))

TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: Amersfoort, a town in the Diocese of Utrecht, highly distinguished by its pleasant location and the fecundity of its soil.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Amersfoort, which has its name ab amore forti, that is, by steadfast love or concord among its citizens, is a renowned city in the bishopric of Utrecht. [...] Its old ring walls and moats show that it was once quite small, but then grew steadily so that a new town was built around the old one and it thus became greatly expanded."

This plate contains a plan and a view. The first is a bird's-eye plan of the town from the south. Several streams flow into the double canal ring, and the Eem drains away in the northwest. The centre of the town is dominated by the main square with the three-nave Gothic Sint-Joriskerk. To the southwest of it can be seen the spire of the late Gothic Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe-Kerk, which is almost 100 m high. A settlement here is first documented in 1028, and it was granted a municipal charter in 1259; it had flourishing brewing and textile industries and became a member of the Hanseatic League. Because of the expanding population, new fortifications were built between 1450 and 1561, which can be seen here with its many towers and gates, including the Koppelpoort, where the Eem flows out of the town. The second view shows the town from an elevated position in the north. On the right is the Eem, with the Koppel gate in the city, and close to it, rising above the rest, the tower of Our Lady. Left of centre is the Sint-Joriskerk, and Amersfoort Hill can be seen in the background. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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