This product is successfully added to your cart
Questions about this product? (#27805)

Scandinavia, by Pieter Mortier. c. 1705

Covens & Mortier. A Map Publishing House in Amsterdam. 1721-1866.

During almost two centuries, the largest and most important Dutch publishing house in commercial cartography was the Amsterdam firm of Covens & Mortier. Concerning quantity, it was possibly even the biggest contemporary map-trading house worldwide. They distributed innumerable maps, atlases, globes, and books.

Pieter (Pierre) Mortier (Leiden, 1661 – Amsterdam, 1711)

Nothing is known about the youth of Pieter Mortier. He studied in Paris from 1681 to approximately 1685. There he must have come into contact with French 'libraires' and learned the bookselling trade. Beginning 1685 he returned to Amsterdam where he opened a small bookshop. In the same year, he became a member of the Book, Art Sellers' and Printers' guild.

Pieter sold books in Dutch and foreign languages, but he also published books on his own, usually in the French language. His business flourished such that in 1688 he was already forced to rent another house on the Vijgendam.

Pieter Mortier's first privilege for maps was granted by the States of Holland and West Friesland on September 15 1690. It refers to the maps of Sanson that he 'is printing and correcting with great pains and care'.

Pieter began the large scale publication of maps and atlases. By the beginning of the 18th century, Pieter had become so wealthy that he could purchase three houses in Amsterdam: on the Beurssluis, on the Vijgendam, and the Heremietensteeg. He rebuilt the house on the Vijgendam into a large prestigious house that would serve for over a century as a shop, business, and residential structure for Covens & Mortier's publishing house.

He died on February 13, 1711, after a brief illness. The company continued to exist under Pieter's widow's management, Amelia' s-Gravesande.

After she died in 1719, her son Cornelis, took over the management for a few years.

On November 20, 1721, a company was founded by Cornelis Mortier and Johannes Covens I. The latter was married the same year with Cornelis's sister. From that year on, the name of :

Covens & Mortier.

Their firm would see a massive expansion in the next 140 years. In 1732 the heirs sold the property to their brother Cornelis and his partner Covens. Their main competitors were Reinier & Josua Ottens and Gerard Valck & Petrus Schenck. After the death of Johannes Covens I (1774), his son Johannes Covens II (1722-1794) entered the business. From 1778, Johannes added a new company name :

J. Covens & Son.

Johannes Covens II was succeeded by his son Cornelis Covens (1764-1825), who, in turn, brought Peter Mortier IV, the great-grandson of Petrus Mortier I, into the business. The name was from 1794 to 1866:

Mortier, Covens & Son.

The last Covens in the series was Cornelis Johannes Covens (1806-1880).

Covens & Mortier had a large stock of atlases and maps, including those of: Delisle, Jaillot, Johannes Janssonius, Sanson, Claes Jansz. Visscher, Nicolaas Visscher, and Frederik de Wit. For decades, an impressive number of atlases came from the press.


SANSON FAMILY

Nicolas Sanson (1600-1667) - Guillaume Sanson (1633-1703) - Pierre Moullart-Sanson (? -1730)

Originally from Abbeville, Nicolas I Sanson showed a keen interest in historical geography. He was still very young; he published a map of ancient Gaul and two treatises, Britannia and Portus Itius on Abbeville and Boulogne's origins. His meeting with Melchior Tavernier was decisive: it prompted him to give up his duties as a military engineer in Picardy and devote himself to engraved cartography.

At the same time, Sanson had drawn up the outline of modern France. He got the help of Tavernier, who encouraged him to compete with the Dutch map publishers. Tavernier contacted other French cartographers whose works he published.

From 1643, N. Sanson obtained a privilege to publish a work personally, the Princes souverains de l'Italie. Then, in 1644 and 1645, he had his famous geographical tables printed, which significantly contributed to his fame. He also published a series of atlases in quarto of the four continents.

In 1648, N. Sanson associated himself with Mariette to publish atlases. From then on, specific maps bore his name and others Mariette's. N. Sanson and Mariette worked together for more than 20 years. After the death of N. Sanson, Mariette acquired the entire fund. Since Mariette only wanted to publish complete atlases, individual maps were no longer sold, and some army generals complained to the king.

The disagreement between the Sanson family and Pierre II Mariette culminated in 1671 when Guillaume Sanson took the case to court. There was no longer any question of collaboration: Guillaume Sanson started working for another publisher, Alexis-Hubert Jaillot.

The Sanson family faced financial difficulties, and in 1692, their cousin, Pierre Moullart-Sanson, bought the entire geographic fund from his uncles and aunt. Pierre Moullart-Sanson was the son of Françoise Sanson (third child of Nicolas) and Pierre Moullart. He restarted the publishing of Sanson's world atlas, and in 1704 he acquired a privilege for publishing all the works of Nicolas and Guillaume Sanson, which continued to be published until 1730.

back

La Scandinavie et les Environs, ou sont les Royaumes de Suede de Danemarck et de Norwege divisés en leurs principales Provinces.

€850  ($884 / £739.5)
add to cart
questions?
PRINT

Item Number:  27805
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Northern Europe
References: Pastoureau - Jaillot I F(8)

Old, antique map of Scandinavia, by Pieter Mortier, after H. Jaillot.
 
Title: La Scandinavie et les Environs, ou sont les Royaumes de Suede de Danemarck et de Norwege divisés en leurs principales Provinces.
Par le S. Sanson, Geographe Ordinaire du Roy. Présenté à Monseigneur Le Dauphin Par son tres humble, tres obeissant, et tres fidele serviteur Hubert Jaillot.
A Paris, Chez H. Jaillot, joignant les grands Augustins, aux deux Globes. Avec Privilege du Roy pour Vingt Ans.
 
Cartographer: Nicolas Sanson
 
Date of the first edition: 1681
Date of this map: c. 1705
 
Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 57.5 x 87cm (22.4 x 33.9 inches)
Verso: Blank
Condition: Original body colour, crease along lower centrefold.
References: Pastoureau, Jaillot I, F (8).
 
From: Nieuwe Atlas. Amsterdam, Pieter Mortier, c. 1705.-  'Contrefaçon hollandaise' of the french Sanson/Jaillot atlas.

Covens & Mortier. A Map Publishing House in Amsterdam. 1721-1866.

During almost two centuries, the largest and most important Dutch publishing house in commercial cartography was the Amsterdam firm of Covens & Mortier. Concerning quantity, it was possibly even the biggest contemporary map-trading house worldwide. They distributed innumerable maps, atlases, globes, and books.

Pieter (Pierre) Mortier (Leiden, 1661 – Amsterdam, 1711)

Nothing is known about the youth of Pieter Mortier. He studied in Paris from 1681 to approximately 1685. There he must have come into contact with French 'libraires' and learned the bookselling trade. Beginning 1685 he returned to Amsterdam where he opened a small bookshop. In the same year, he became a member of the Book, Art Sellers' and Printers' guild.

Pieter sold books in Dutch and foreign languages, but he also published books on his own, usually in the French language. His business flourished such that in 1688 he was already forced to rent another house on the Vijgendam.

Pieter Mortier's first privilege for maps was granted by the States of Holland and West Friesland on September 15 1690. It refers to the maps of Sanson that he 'is printing and correcting with great pains and care'.

Pieter began the large scale publication of maps and atlases. By the beginning of the 18th century, Pieter had become so wealthy that he could purchase three houses in Amsterdam: on the Beurssluis, on the Vijgendam, and the Heremietensteeg. He rebuilt the house on the Vijgendam into a large prestigious house that would serve for over a century as a shop, business, and residential structure for Covens & Mortier's publishing house.

He died on February 13, 1711, after a brief illness. The company continued to exist under Pieter's widow's management, Amelia' s-Gravesande.

After she died in 1719, her son Cornelis, took over the management for a few years.

On November 20, 1721, a company was founded by Cornelis Mortier and Johannes Covens I. The latter was married the same year with Cornelis's sister. From that year on, the name of :

Covens & Mortier.

Their firm would see a massive expansion in the next 140 years. In 1732 the heirs sold the property to their brother Cornelis and his partner Covens. Their main competitors were Reinier & Josua Ottens and Gerard Valck & Petrus Schenck. After the death of Johannes Covens I (1774), his son Johannes Covens II (1722-1794) entered the business. From 1778, Johannes added a new company name :

J. Covens & Son.

Johannes Covens II was succeeded by his son Cornelis Covens (1764-1825), who, in turn, brought Peter Mortier IV, the great-grandson of Petrus Mortier I, into the business. The name was from 1794 to 1866:

Mortier, Covens & Son.

The last Covens in the series was Cornelis Johannes Covens (1806-1880).

Covens & Mortier had a large stock of atlases and maps, including those of: Delisle, Jaillot, Johannes Janssonius, Sanson, Claes Jansz. Visscher, Nicolaas Visscher, and Frederik de Wit. For decades, an impressive number of atlases came from the press.


SANSON FAMILY

Nicolas Sanson (1600-1667) - Guillaume Sanson (1633-1703) - Pierre Moullart-Sanson (? -1730)

Originally from Abbeville, Nicolas I Sanson showed a keen interest in historical geography. He was still very young; he published a map of ancient Gaul and two treatises, Britannia and Portus Itius on Abbeville and Boulogne's origins. His meeting with Melchior Tavernier was decisive: it prompted him to give up his duties as a military engineer in Picardy and devote himself to engraved cartography.

At the same time, Sanson had drawn up the outline of modern France. He got the help of Tavernier, who encouraged him to compete with the Dutch map publishers. Tavernier contacted other French cartographers whose works he published.

From 1643, N. Sanson obtained a privilege to publish a work personally, the Princes souverains de l'Italie. Then, in 1644 and 1645, he had his famous geographical tables printed, which significantly contributed to his fame. He also published a series of atlases in quarto of the four continents.

In 1648, N. Sanson associated himself with Mariette to publish atlases. From then on, specific maps bore his name and others Mariette's. N. Sanson and Mariette worked together for more than 20 years. After the death of N. Sanson, Mariette acquired the entire fund. Since Mariette only wanted to publish complete atlases, individual maps were no longer sold, and some army generals complained to the king.

The disagreement between the Sanson family and Pierre II Mariette culminated in 1671 when Guillaume Sanson took the case to court. There was no longer any question of collaboration: Guillaume Sanson started working for another publisher, Alexis-Hubert Jaillot.

The Sanson family faced financial difficulties, and in 1692, their cousin, Pierre Moullart-Sanson, bought the entire geographic fund from his uncles and aunt. Pierre Moullart-Sanson was the son of Françoise Sanson (third child of Nicolas) and Pierre Moullart. He restarted the publishing of Sanson's world atlas, and in 1704 he acquired a privilege for publishing all the works of Nicolas and Guillaume Sanson, which continued to be published until 1730.

Related items

SCANDINAVIA by Schenk P.

La Scandinavie, et les Environs, ou sont les Royaumes de Suede, de Danemark et de Norwege, divises en leurs principales Provinces. c. 1700
SCANDINAVIA by Schenk P.
[Item number: 19145]

€400  ($416 / £348)
Scandinavia par R. & I. Ottens.

Carte la Plus Nouvelle de la Scandinivie ou les Couronnes du Nord Scavoir La Suede le Dannemarc et La Norvege Ou Lon Trouve La Mer Baltique et une Grande Partie de la Moscovie etc. 1730-45
Scandinavia par R. & I. Ottens.
[Item number: 25858]

€460  ($478.4 / £400.2)
SCANDINAVIA by Olaus Magnus

Regnorum Aquilonarum descriptio, huius Operis subiectum. [(letter-press title above the map)] 1555
SCANDINAVIA by Olaus Magnus
[Item number: 25940]

€3200  ($3328 / £2784)
Old antique map of Scandinavia by Francesco Santini

Les Royaumes de Suede et Norwege Divisés par Provinces et Gouvernements. 1776-79
Old antique map of Scandinavia by Francesco Santini
[Item number: 26964]

€280  ($291.2 / £243.6)
Old antique chart of Scandinavia, by Michele Tramezini.

Septemtrionalium Regionum Svetiae Gothiae Norvegiae Daniae et terrarum adiacentium recens exactaq[ue] descriptio. 1558
Old antique chart of Scandinavia, by Michele Tramezini.
[Item number: 27045]

€14600  ($15184 / £12702)
Scandinavia by Nicolas & Guillaume Sanson.

La Scandinavie et les environs ou sont les Estats et Royaumes de Danemarck Norwegue et Suede. 1650-1700
Scandinavia by Nicolas & Guillaume Sanson.
[Item number: 28544]

€450  ($468 / £391.5)
Scandinavia by Joan Blaeu.

Suecia, Dania et Norvegia, Regna Europae Septentrionalia. 1644
Scandinavia by Joan Blaeu.
[Item number: 28728]

€700  ($728 / £609)
Scandinavia by Frederick de Wit.

Novissima nec non Perfectissima Scandinaviae Tabula Comprehendens Regnorum Sueciae, Daniae et Novegiae. c. 1690
Scandinavia by Frederick de Wit.
[Item number: 28738]

€900  ($936 / £783)
Scandinavia, by Claes Jansz Visscher.

Tabula exactissima Regnorum Sueciae et Norvegiae, nec non Maris Universi Orientalis, 1656-80
Scandinavia, by Claes Jansz Visscher.
[Item number: 28742]

€450  ($468 / £391.5)
Scandinavia, by Gerard Mercator.

Svecia et Norvegia cum confinijs. 1628
Scandinavia, by Gerard Mercator.
[Item number: 28815]

€820  ($852.8 / £713.4)
Scandinavia by Hugo Allard.

Tabula Regnorum Sueciae et Norvegiae. 1664
Scandinavia by Hugo Allard.
[Item number: 28900]

€2400  ($2496 / £2088)
The Coast of Lapland, by Frederick de Wit.

Finmarchiae et Laplandiae Maritima. = Nieuwe Pascaert vande kusten Finmarcken en Lapland Streckende van Dronten tot Archangel. ca. 1680
The Coast of Lapland, by Frederick de Wit.
[Item number: 29219]  new

€800  ($832 / £696)