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Marchena - Osuna by Braun & Hogenberg 1588-97

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Marchena [on sheet with] Onchuna.

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Item Number:  12898
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Spain and Portugal

Old map with two bird's-eye views by Braun and Hogenberg after G. Hoefnage: Marchena and Osuna.

MARCHENA

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The town is situated on a hill from where the surrounding plain can be seen in all directions. The most distinguished church is in the north of the town, embellished with a fine tower. Next to it lies the magnificent princely palace, at the town gate that leads to EÇija, well protected with parapets [...] and with a variety of furnishings belonging to the princes who frequently stay there."

This is a view of Marchena from the west. The town lies heavy on the hilltops in a barren landscape traversed by a number of roads. Marchena has receded into the background and makes a forbidding, even gloomy, impression. The houses appear to be crowded closely around the two churches, which were begun in the 15th century and whose towers are still under construction: on the left San Miguel and on the right Santa Maria. They scarcely hide the fact that the character of the town has remained Moorish. On the horizon can be seen the palace of the Dukes of Arcà³briga. Today this little town, which is one hour's drive away from Seville, has a population of 20,000 and is known for its picturesque Moorish Old Town.

OSUNA

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "But today it is the capital of a duchy and a distinguished seat of the noble Giron dynasty, which [...] was awarded the title of the Dukes of Osuna in 1562. [...] Not so very long ago, namely in 1549, they also set up a splendid university, at which almost all disciplines can be studied. They have thus left nothing undone that can be done by Catholic and noble rulers to increase the fame of the city of Osuna, which was conquered for them by the blood and the sweat of their forefather. The number of burghers in the city, not including the scholars, is over 3,000 and they are all very prosperous due to the annual revenue from their olive and grain harvest."

In this view from the southwest, Osuna occupies a hill that is crowned by the striking three-nave collegiate church of Santa Maria de la Asuncià³n. On the left, directly next to it, is the hospice founded in 1549. The city spreads out in all directions into the surrounding countryside, whose fecundity is symbolized by the harvest scene in the foreground. With great vividness and attention to detail, here Georg Hoefnagel has depicted farmers engaged in the simplest form of threshing. Osuna, a notable town even in Roman times, became a university town in 1548 and flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries under the Dukes of Osuna. Some of the mansions built in the town by the nobility still stand today as a testimony to this period of prosperity. (Taschen)

Copper engraving
Size: 33 x 48cm (12.9 x 18.7 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Old coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, 2618, State 1; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.271.

From: Liber quartus Urbium Praecipuarum totius Mundi. (Koeman, B&H4)

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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