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The Innvalley; "Schlosberg" and a view of a monument for the emperor Carolus V, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Prospectus amoeniss. vallis Oeniponticae una cum antro in altissima et praeruptissima rupe Imp. Maximiliani primi. [on sheet with:] Schlosberg. die Clause in Alpibus Tirolensibus. [and:] Monument. occursus Imp. Caroli V. et Ferdinandi fratis. - Braun Georg & Hogenberg Frans, 1596/97.

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Item Number:  24191
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Austria

Old, antique map with three views by Braun and Hogenberg: View of the Innvalley; view of the "Schlosberg" and a view of a monument for the emperor Carolus V. Engraved by G. Hoefnagel, 1590.

CAPTION: Prospect of the delightful Innsbruck Valley, together with the cave of Emperor Maximilian I in the very high and precipitous cliff.

CARTOUCHE BOTTOM RIGHT: Both noble rulers, the brothers Emperor Charles V, who came from Spain and Italy after his imperial coronation, and Ferdinand, King of Hungary and Bohemia, who came from Pannonia, were showered with the highest honours amongst mortals, with kingdoms and triumphs and met in this place and sound in 1530 to the general joy, after not having seen each other for 8 years.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "Those coming from Germany over the rugged cliffs of the Alps, passing through the deep and preciptous valleys and also along the pleasant Innsbruck and Tyrolean roads, will see a great many castles along the way and often herds of chamois on the rocky pinnacles, who leap to and fro high up on the rock face almost like light birds."

This three-part view presents the Inn Valley, a glacial valley that traverses the eastern Alps and through which the river of the same name flows. The top illustration is seen from Völs, looking down upon Kematen (E) and Perfuss on the left-hand side of the valley and on the right Zirl (B), with the ruins of Fragenstein (C) perched above it. The rock wall rising in the right half of the picture is the Martinswand, with the former fortress of Martinsklause (F) at its foot. The Martinswand wall, several hundred metres high, marks the end of the Hechenberg massif, part of the Nordkette range in the Karwendel Mountains. A cave in the rock face is known as the Kaiser Max Grotto (G), as Emperor Maximilian I took refuge in it when he got lost while out hunting chamois, sheltering there until he was found by a peasant boy. The smaller illustration bottom left shows the castle of Schlossberg on the north side of Seefeld, an area inhabited even before Roman times. The castle was built in 1248 by the Counts of Andechs in order to protect the road to Scharnitz-Mittenwald. The viewpoint chosen in the engraving only allows a glimpse of the town behind the castle. From the end of the 14th century onwards Seefeld's St Ostwald's church was an important pilgrimage destination. In 1583 Archduke Ferdinand II made a pilgrimage here on foot with a retinue of 2,000 people. The monument illustrated bottom right was erected in 1530 to commemorate the meeting of Emperor Charles V and Ferdinand; King of Hungary, on this site. (Taschen)

Date of the first edition: 1596
Date of this map: 1596

Copper engraving
Size: 37.5 x 50.5cm (14.5 x 19.7 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Uncoloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krogt 4, 4942; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.417.

From: Urbium Praecipuarum Mundi Theatrum Quintum Auctore Georgio Braunio Agrippinate. Part 5. Köln, 1596/97. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.5)

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.