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Ostend (Oostende), by Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg 1618

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "It was once a very poor village in which no one lived except for a few fishermen. But after the beginning of the war in the Netherlands, the States-General decided to fortify it because of its advantageous position. [...] The siege began on 26 July 1601 and within a few days the harbour was blocked and under fire, so that it could not be used. But they soon dug a new one, pierced through the dams and pools and forced the Spanish to retreat. [...] Whole books, to which the reader is referred, have been filled with accounts of the damage inflicted by one party on the other, and of the dangerous storms and bloody skirmisches that occured during the long siege."

This bird's-eye view looking out to sea in a northwesterly direction shows the city, secured by two or three fortification rings and moats, under siege by the Spanish Habsburg troops during the Dutch Revolt. Inside the inner ring with its eight bastions are the marketplace surrounded by blocks of houses, and the Sint-Pieterskerk, with the tower known as Peperbusse ("peppermill"). The tent of the Habsburg commander can be seen bottom left. The Dutch fleet in the upper part of the plate is bringing troops and provisions to the besieged fort. The projecting third defence wall in the southeast has already been captured by the Habsburg troops. Ostend's capitulation in 1604 put an end to the bloodiest siege of that period. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Ostenda.

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Item Number:  17624
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Belgium - Cities
References: Van der Krogt 4 - #3167; Fauser - #10325; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg - p.447; Verbouwe (Oostende) - #203

Old map - bird's-eye plan of Ostend, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

Oude, antiek stadsplan van Oostende, door Georg Braun en Frans Hogenberg.

Date of the first edition: 1617
Date of this map: 1618

Copper engraving
Size: 35 x 46.5cm (13.7 x 18.1 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Uncoloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, #3167; Fauser, #10325; Taschen, Br. Hog., p.447; Verbouwe (Oostende), #203

From: Theatri praecipuarum Totius Mundi Urbium Liber Sextus Anno MDCXVIII. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.6)

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "It was once a very poor village in which no one lived except for a few fishermen. But after the beginning of the war in the Netherlands, the States-General decided to fortify it because of its advantageous position. [...] The siege began on 26 July 1601 and within a few days the harbour was blocked and under fire, so that it could not be used. But they soon dug a new one, pierced through the dams and pools and forced the Spanish to retreat. [...] Whole books, to which the reader is referred, have been filled with accounts of the damage inflicted by one party on the other, and of the dangerous storms and bloody skirmisches that occured during the long siege."

This bird's-eye view looking out to sea in a northwesterly direction shows the city, secured by two or three fortification rings and moats, under siege by the Spanish Habsburg troops during the Dutch Revolt. Inside the inner ring with its eight bastions are the marketplace surrounded by blocks of houses, and the Sint-Pieterskerk, with the tower known as Peperbusse ("peppermill"). The tent of the Habsburg commander can be seen bottom left. The Dutch fleet in the upper part of the plate is bringing troops and provisions to the besieged fort. The projecting third defence wall in the southeast has already been captured by the Habsburg troops. Ostend's capitulation in 1604 put an end to the bloodiest siege of that period. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.