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Szolnok, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. 1617

CARTOUCHE TOP: Szolnok, city in Upper Hungary.

CARTOUCHE BOTTOM: Procured by Georg Hoefnagel, received elsewhere, in the year 1617.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "This is the most important fortress that the Turks have in Hungary, not only because of its strong walls and bastions, but also because of its beautiful and pleasant location. There is a castle and a town, separated by an arm of the River Zagyva. [...] Overall the town has such an ideal situation that a better one cannot be imagined. For this reason the Turks, who otherwise build poor houses, have erected splendid buildings both in the town and within the fortress."

Szolnok is shown from the southeast at the confluence of the Zagyva and the Tisza. On the right is the citadel with four corner bastions. The minaret of the Ottoman mosque is taller than all the other buildings, including those in the part of the town shown on the left, protected on two sides by a wall with bastions. There is no church or town hall to be seen. A burning building on the left above the town is obviously intended to underline the hostile occupation by the Turks. Mentioned for the first time in 1075, Szolnok was an important trading centre for salt and timber from Transylvania. The 11th-century castle was captured by the Ottomans in 1552 and was the seat of a Turkish military governor. Turkish rule came to an end here in 1685. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Zolnock Superioris Hungariae civitas.

€900  ($1071 / £801)
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Item Number:  27646  new
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Central Europe
References: Van der Krogt 4 - #4238; Taschen, Br. Hog. - p. 477; Fauser - #13730; Szantai - Szolnok 1617/1

Old, antique map - bird's-eye view of Szolnok in Hungary, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg, after G. Hoefnagel, 1617.

Key to 14 locations.

Date of the first edition: 1617
Date of this map: 1617
Date on map: 1617

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 34 x 51.5cm (13.3 x 20 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Excellent, superb old colour, heightened in gold.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krocht 4, 4238; Taschen, Br. Hog., p.477; Fauser, #13730; Szantai, Szolnok 1617/1.

From: Theatri praecipuarum Totius Mundi Urbium Liber Sextus Anno MDCXVII. Cologne, Anton Hierat, 1617-18. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.6)

CARTOUCHE TOP: Szolnok, city in Upper Hungary.

CARTOUCHE BOTTOM: Procured by Georg Hoefnagel, received elsewhere, in the year 1617.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "This is the most important fortress that the Turks have in Hungary, not only because of its strong walls and bastions, but also because of its beautiful and pleasant location. There is a castle and a town, separated by an arm of the River Zagyva. [...] Overall the town has such an ideal situation that a better one cannot be imagined. For this reason the Turks, who otherwise build poor houses, have erected splendid buildings both in the town and within the fortress."

Szolnok is shown from the southeast at the confluence of the Zagyva and the Tisza. On the right is the citadel with four corner bastions. The minaret of the Ottoman mosque is taller than all the other buildings, including those in the part of the town shown on the left, protected on two sides by a wall with bastions. There is no church or town hall to be seen. A burning building on the left above the town is obviously intended to underline the hostile occupation by the Turks. Mentioned for the first time in 1075, Szolnok was an important trading centre for salt and timber from Transylvania. The 11th-century castle was captured by the Ottomans in 1552 and was the seat of a Turkish military governor. Turkish rule came to an end here in 1685. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.