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Marienberg, by Braun & Hogenberg. 1617

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "All around the city are many rich mines, which is why it was founded. Although some of these mines have declined, and some are even completely abandoned, others are still in good condition and are being worked on. The Dukes of Saxony obtain great benefit and silver treasures from them, even if not as much as in former times, when Duke Albert descended into St George's pit in Schneeberg with his servants and used an enormous piece of pure silver as a table and dines from it."

This view of Marienberg from the south from a slightly elevated viewpoint. The city is located on the former trade route from Leipzig to Prague and was founded by Duke Henry of Saxony after the discovery of silver and tin in 1521. The city is surrounded by fields and vegetable gardens and laid out according to a strict rectangular grid; it has a city wall with four round towers built in 1541-1566. On the right, St Mary's church can be seen, and the town hall to the left. In the middle, in front of the pond, is a slag heap and the entrance to a mine as a symbol of the mining industry (C). The hunter in the foreground indicates the abundance of game in the local forests. The figure with the book or sketchbook may be the artist, Jakob Hoefnagel.


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562, he received his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Marienberg Misniae Civitas.

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Item Number:  22138 Authenticity Guarantee

Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Germany - Cities

Antique view of Marienberg by Braun & Hogenberg.

Title: Marienberg Misniae Civitas.

Date of the first edition: 1617.
Date of this map: 1617.

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 330 x 452mm (12.99 x 17.8 inches).
Verso: Latin text.
Condition: Slight shine-through of verso text, nice old colour.
Condition Rating: A.

From: Theatri praecipuarum Totius Mundi Urbium Liber Sextus Anno MDCXVII. (Koeman, B&H6)

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "All around the city are many rich mines, which is why it was founded. Although some of these mines have declined, and some are even completely abandoned, others are still in good condition and are being worked on. The Dukes of Saxony obtain great benefit and silver treasures from them, even if not as much as in former times, when Duke Albert descended into St George's pit in Schneeberg with his servants and used an enormous piece of pure silver as a table and dines from it."

This view of Marienberg from the south from a slightly elevated viewpoint. The city is located on the former trade route from Leipzig to Prague and was founded by Duke Henry of Saxony after the discovery of silver and tin in 1521. The city is surrounded by fields and vegetable gardens and laid out according to a strict rectangular grid; it has a city wall with four round towers built in 1541-1566. On the right, St Mary's church can be seen, and the town hall to the left. In the middle, in front of the pond, is a slag heap and the entrance to a mine as a symbol of the mining industry (C). The hunter in the foreground indicates the abundance of game in the local forests. The figure with the book or sketchbook may be the artist, Jakob Hoefnagel.


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562, he received his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

References: Van der Krogt 4 - #2624; Taschen (Br. Hog.) - p.460