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Cochem and Münstermaifeld, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. 1600

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Chorographica Descriptio Civitatis Cocheimensis [on sheet with] Exactissima Civitatis Monasteriensis in Campo Meyfeldensi Chorographica Des.

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Item Number:  23367
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Germany - Cities
References: Van der Krogt 4 - 902; Taschen (Br. Hog.) - p.376

Antique map with a view of Cochem and a bird's-eye plan of Münstermaifeld by Braun and Hogenberg, with key to locations.

COCHEM

TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: Panorama of the town of Cochem seen from the east. In the year 1576.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "Cochem was originally a castle on a high mountain beside a deep valley, through which the Moselle flows along the left-hand side. This castle, which is very well protected by its natural location and by walls and ramparts, dates from the Roman Empire."

Cochem is presented from the east, from the right bank of the Moselle. With its 11th-century fortress high overhead, the town, which is first mentioned in records in AD 886, is considered one of the loveliest on the Moselle. The half timbered houses of the Old Town and the parish church of St Martin, originally founded by the Franks, are rendered in loving detail. Here still visible on a hill on the far right is the Winneburg fortress from the second half of the 13th century, like Cochem castle, it was destroyed in the War of Palatine Succession, but in this case was not rebuilt. A number of the many city gates captioned in the engraving have survived right up to the present.

MÜNSTERMAIFELD

CARTOUCHE LEFT: Accurate illustration of the town of Münstermaifeld in Maifeld.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "A deed of donation by Pippin and Charlemagne mentions the church of St Martin in the village of Ambitio. There can be no doubt that it refers to this church, which was later invested with a very wealthy college and became known under the slightly different name of the Maifeld minster."

In contrast to Cochem, Münstermaifeld - granted the right to hold a market in AD 965 and a municipal charter in 1277 - is presented in a bird's-eye view from the northwest. Clearly recognizable is the former Gothic collegiate church of SS Martin and Severus with its well-fortified west end (G). From 956 it housed the relics of St Severus, which made Münstermaifeld a pelgrimage centre. Many of the historical buildings survive in their original state even today, including the medieval town hall (O), vestiges of the city wall and the provostry (L), today the museum of local history and culture. Münstermaifeld is also known due to its proximity to Eltz castle, one of the loviest in Germany. (Taschen)

Date of the first edition: 1596
Date of this map: 1600

Copper engraving
Size: 37 x 42cm (14.4 x 16.3 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Excellent, superb old colour.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krogt 4, 902; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.376.

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, ... Part 5. Köln, Bertram Buchholtz, 1600.

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.