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Arnsberg by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. c. 1593

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Arnsberg by Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg 1588-97
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COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The fair and noble land of Westphalia between the Weser and the Rhine stretches to the land of Hesse and in the north as far as Friesland. It is divided into many different counties, duchies and noble estates. [...] One of these is the County of Arnsberg, not the least in renown and merit, whose lords and counts, especially Frederick, [...] also called themselves Counts of Westphalia."

In this view of the city, which is laid out in elliptical form on the narrow ridge of a hill in the Rhenish Uplands within a narrow loop of the Ruhr, the dominating feature is the castle, built in the 11th century by the Counts of Arnsberg, and considerably expanded in the 14th century by the Electors of Cologne. The city was fortified with walls and towers. At the southern end of it was the monastery of Winckhusen, dating from the 15th century, which later became the abbey of Wedinghausen. In 1600, the city was destroyed by fire, but by 1632, it had 227 households again. The castle was killed in 1762 by the Prince of Brunswick during the Seven Years' War. The plate emphasises the city's fundamental position on various vital routes: the main road from Soest leads over a guarded bridge to the city, and the Ruhr, which flows past the city, is navigable for merchant ships. The figures in the foreground illustrate the city's position of power: nobleman, knight and guard. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562, he received his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Arnsberg.

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Item Number:  24566 Authenticity Guarantee

Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Germany - Cities

Arnsberg by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

Title: Arnsberg.

Date of the first edition: 1588.
Date of this map: c. 1593.

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Image size: 323 x 433mm (12.72 x 17.05 inches).
Sheet size: 410 x 540mm (16.14 x 21.26 inches).
Verso: French text.
Condition: Original coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+.

From: Liber Quartus - Livre Quatriesme des Principales Villes du Monde, 1593. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:3.4(1593))

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The fair and noble land of Westphalia between the Weser and the Rhine stretches to the land of Hesse and in the north as far as Friesland. It is divided into many different counties, duchies and noble estates. [...] One of these is the County of Arnsberg, not the least in renown and merit, whose lords and counts, especially Frederick, [...] also called themselves Counts of Westphalia."

In this view of the city, which is laid out in elliptical form on the narrow ridge of a hill in the Rhenish Uplands within a narrow loop of the Ruhr, the dominating feature is the castle, built in the 11th century by the Counts of Arnsberg, and considerably expanded in the 14th century by the Electors of Cologne. The city was fortified with walls and towers. At the southern end of it was the monastery of Winckhusen, dating from the 15th century, which later became the abbey of Wedinghausen. In 1600, the city was destroyed by fire, but by 1632, it had 227 households again. The castle was killed in 1762 by the Prince of Brunswick during the Seven Years' War. The plate emphasises the city's fundamental position on various vital routes: the main road from Soest leads over a guarded bridge to the city, and the Ruhr, which flows past the city, is navigable for merchant ships. The figures in the foreground illustrate the city's position of power: nobleman, knight and guard. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562, he received his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

References: Van der Krogt 4 - p; 717, #251; Taschen (Br. Hog.) - p.300; Fauser - #679