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Arnsberg.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The fair and noble land of Westphalia between the Weser and the Rhine stretches all the way to the land of Hesse and in the north as far as Friesland. It is divided into many different counties, duchies and noble estates. [...] One of these is the County of Arnsberg, not the least in renown and merit, whose lords and counts, especially Frederick, [...] also called themselves Counts of Westphalia."

In this view of the city, which is laid out in elliptical form on the narrow ridge of a hill in the Rhenish Uplands within a narrow loop of the Ruhr, the dominating feature is the castle, built in the 11th century by the Counts of Arnsberg, and considerably expanded in the 14th century by the Electors of Cologne. The city was fortified with walls and towers. At the southern end of it was the monastery of Winckhusen dating from the 15th century, which later became the abbey of Wedinghausen. In 1600 the city was destroyed by fire, but by 1632 it already had 227 households again. The castle was destroyed in 1762 by the Prince of Brunswick during the Seven Years' War. The plate emphasizes the city's key position on various important routes: the main road from Soest leads over a guarded bridge to the city, and the Ruhr, which flows past the city, is navigable for merchant ships. The figures in the foreground illustrate the city's position of power: nobleman, knight and guard. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver on numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Arnsberg. - Braun Georg & Hogenberg Frans, c. 1593.

€500  ($560 / £450)
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Item Number:  27470  new
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Germany - Cities
References: Van der Krogt 4 - #251, Taschen, Br. Hog. - p.300, Fauser - #679

Antique map - Bird's-eye view of Arnsberg by Braun and Hogenberg.

Date of the first edition: 1588
Date of this map: c. 1593

Copper engraving
Size: 32.5 x 43.5cm (12.6 x 16.9 inches)
Verso text: French
Condition: Old coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, 251; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.300.

From: Liber Quartus - Théatre des Principales Villes de tout L'Univers. Cologne, c. 1593. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:3.4)

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The fair and noble land of Westphalia between the Weser and the Rhine stretches all the way to the land of Hesse and in the north as far as Friesland. It is divided into many different counties, duchies and noble estates. [...] One of these is the County of Arnsberg, not the least in renown and merit, whose lords and counts, especially Frederick, [...] also called themselves Counts of Westphalia."

In this view of the city, which is laid out in elliptical form on the narrow ridge of a hill in the Rhenish Uplands within a narrow loop of the Ruhr, the dominating feature is the castle, built in the 11th century by the Counts of Arnsberg, and considerably expanded in the 14th century by the Electors of Cologne. The city was fortified with walls and towers. At the southern end of it was the monastery of Winckhusen dating from the 15th century, which later became the abbey of Wedinghausen. In 1600 the city was destroyed by fire, but by 1632 it already had 227 households again. The castle was destroyed in 1762 by the Prince of Brunswick during the Seven Years' War. The plate emphasizes the city's key position on various important routes: the main road from Soest leads over a guarded bridge to the city, and the Ruhr, which flows past the city, is navigable for merchant ships. The figures in the foreground illustrate the city's position of power: nobleman, knight and guard. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver on numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.