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Landshut, by Braun & Hogenberg. 1581-88

TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: To Albert, Count Palatine of the Rhine by the grace of God and Duke of both Bavarias, the unrivalled patron of the Muses in our time, for his delight. Painted by Georg Hoefnagel, Antwerp. Let artistry be the guide and the mistress of Nature. Munich, 1578.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The surrounding farmland not only yields a multitude of fruits and thoroughly delicious wine, intended to refresh both God and man, and good grain, but also has a great many pastures for grazing cattle. There is virtually no other land that is richer in dairy products. This region can therefore rightly be counted among the most beautiful and most fertile in all Europe."

The town of Landshut and Trausnitz castle lying above it on the right are seen here from the southwest, looking across the banks of the Isar. Trausnitz castle was visited in 1235 by Emperor Frederick II and the Minnesingers Walther von der Vogelweide and Tannhäuser. In the 15th century it was expanded in particular under George the Rich and fortified with ring walls and defensive towers. Soaring above the town itself is the brick Gothic collegiate church of SS Martin and Castulus, with the tallest brick tower (130 m high) in the world. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Landshut

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Item Number:  22229
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Germany - Cities
References: Van der Krogt 4 - 2206; Taschen (Br. Hog.) - p.352

Old, antique map - bird's-eye view of Landshut by Braun and Hogenberg.

Copper engraving
Size: 33 x 42cm (12.9 x 16.4 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Excellent, superb old colour.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, 2206; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.352.

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum. . Liber tertius. Köln, G. Kempen, 1581-88. (Koeman, B&H3)

TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: To Albert, Count Palatine of the Rhine by the grace of God and Duke of both Bavarias, the unrivalled patron of the Muses in our time, for his delight. Painted by Georg Hoefnagel, Antwerp. Let artistry be the guide and the mistress of Nature. Munich, 1578.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The surrounding farmland not only yields a multitude of fruits and thoroughly delicious wine, intended to refresh both God and man, and good grain, but also has a great many pastures for grazing cattle. There is virtually no other land that is richer in dairy products. This region can therefore rightly be counted among the most beautiful and most fertile in all Europe."

The town of Landshut and Trausnitz castle lying above it on the right are seen here from the southwest, looking across the banks of the Isar. Trausnitz castle was visited in 1235 by Emperor Frederick II and the Minnesingers Walther von der Vogelweide and Tannhäuser. In the 15th century it was expanded in particular under George the Rich and fortified with ring walls and defensive towers. Soaring above the town itself is the brick Gothic collegiate church of SS Martin and Castulus, with the tallest brick tower (130 m high) in the world. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.