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Copenhagen, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. 1635

TRANSLATION OF CAPTION CENTRE: Hafnia, commonly known as Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, a remarkable sight in land and water. In the year 1578.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "Copenhagen, a capital in Denmark, situated on the coast of Zealand, is built on a plain in such a way that the sea comes up to it from sunrise in winter to sunset in winter. Next to it is an island called Amager, which provides the city with an excellent and renowned harbour, for it stretches to the east for a distance of about four stadia, that is about half a mile, into the Baltic Sea and breaks the violence and tempestuousness of the sea with its shallows and its sandy bottom."

The double view from the land and from the sea clearly depicts the city as a port and centre of trade. Copenhagen was granted a municipal charter in 1254. The two fixed points in the view towards the northeast - looking across the "merchants' harbour" to the province of Scania on the other side of the Øresund - are the church of Our Lady on the left, and the castle on the right, which was built on the site of the castle destroyed together with the city in 1369. In 1416 this port on the coast of Zealand became the residence of the Danish king. The conditions were thus ideal for the city's steady rise to become a commercial metropolis. Below, from the opposite direction, is a view from the sound of the ships lying at anchor, of the harbour and the city behind it with its counting houses. The offshore islands are an indication of the city's sheltered position. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Hafnia vulgo Kopenhagen.

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Item Number:  27650  new
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Northern Europe
References: Van der Krogt 4 - #2069 State 1; Fauser - #6865; Taschen, Br. Hog. - p. 301

Old, antique print with two views of Copenhagen, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

Date of the first edition: 1588
Date of this map: 1635

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 36.5 x 42cm (14.2 x 16.3 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Original coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krogt 4, #2069 State 1; Fauser, #6865; Taschen, Br. Hog., p.301.

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum. Liber quartus Urbium Praecipuarum totius Mundi. Cologne, Petrus von Brachel, 1635. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.4)

TRANSLATION OF CAPTION CENTRE: Hafnia, commonly known as Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, a remarkable sight in land and water. In the year 1578.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "Copenhagen, a capital in Denmark, situated on the coast of Zealand, is built on a plain in such a way that the sea comes up to it from sunrise in winter to sunset in winter. Next to it is an island called Amager, which provides the city with an excellent and renowned harbour, for it stretches to the east for a distance of about four stadia, that is about half a mile, into the Baltic Sea and breaks the violence and tempestuousness of the sea with its shallows and its sandy bottom."

The double view from the land and from the sea clearly depicts the city as a port and centre of trade. Copenhagen was granted a municipal charter in 1254. The two fixed points in the view towards the northeast - looking across the "merchants' harbour" to the province of Scania on the other side of the Øresund - are the church of Our Lady on the left, and the castle on the right, which was built on the site of the castle destroyed together with the city in 1369. In 1416 this port on the coast of Zealand became the residence of the Danish king. The conditions were thus ideal for the city's steady rise to become a commercial metropolis. Below, from the opposite direction, is a view from the sound of the ships lying at anchor, of the harbour and the city behind it with its counting houses. The offshore islands are an indication of the city's sheltered position. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.