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Japan by Abraham Ortelius. 1609

Teixeira's map of Japan represents a combination of Portuguese and Japanese information, in which the latter dominates. The three main Islands, in particular Kyushu and Honshu, are separated from one another. For the first time in Western cartography, the eastern sections of the country, which Europeans had not yet visited, are also represented. There, too, the important place names are included. On the other hand, many names of places that the merchants and missionaries commonly visited are lacking, though they had been prominent on the maps of Europeans up to this time that were based purely on their observations.
The Ortelius / Texeira type remained determinant until the middle of the seventeenth century. Then, in contrast to the types that appeared later, its imitators took it over almost without change. (Walter).


Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598)

The maker of the 'first atlas', the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (1570), was born on 4 April 1527 into an old Antwerp family. He learned Latin and studied Greek and mathematics.
Abraham and his sisters Anne and Elizabeth took up map colouring. He was admitted to the Guild of St. Luke as an "illuminator of maps." Besides colouring maps, Ortelius was a dealer in antiques, coins, maps, and books, with the book and map trade gradually becoming his primary occupation.
Business went well because his means permitted him to start an extensive collection of medals, coins, and antiques, as well as a library of many volumes. In addition, he travelled a lot and visited Italy and France, made contacts everywhere with scholars and editors, and maintained extensive correspondence with them.

In 1564 he published his first map, a large and ambitious wall map of the world. The inspiration for this map may well have been Gastaldi's large world map. In 1565 he published a map of Egypt and a map of the Holy Land, a large map of Asia followed.
In 1568 the production of individual maps for his atlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum was already in full swing. The atlas was completed in 1569, and in May of 1570, the Theatrum was available for sale. It was one of the most expensive books ever published.
This first edition contained seventy maps on fifty-three sheets. The maps were engraved by Franciscus Hogenberg.
Later editions included Additamenta (additions) that later resulted in Ortelius' historical atlas, the Parergon, mostly bound together with the atlas. The Parergon can be called a truly original work of Ortelius, who drew the maps based on his own research.

The importance of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum for geographical knowledge in the last quarter of the sixteenth century is difficult to overemphasize. There was nothing else like it until Mercator's atlas appeared twenty-five years later. Demand for the Theatrum was remarkable. Altogether some 24 editions appeared during Ortelius's lifetime and another ten after his death in 1598. Editions had been published in Dutch, German, French, Spanish, English, and Italian. The number of map sheets grew from 53 in 1570 to 167 in 1612 in the last edition.

In 1577, engraver Philip Galle and poet-translator Pieter Heyns published the first pocket-sized edition of the Theatrum, the Epitome. The work was very popular. Over thirty editions of this Epitome were published in different languages.

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Iaponiae Insulae Descriptio.

€2600  ($2782 / £2210)
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Item Number:  28433
Category:  Antique maps > Asia > Japan
References: Van der Krogt 3 - 8450:31; Van den Broecke - #165; Walter (Japan) - #5; Meurer (Ortelius) - 134

Old, antique map of Japan, by Abraham Ortelius.

Title: Iaponiae Insulae Descriptio.
Ludoico Teisera Auctore.
Cum Imperatorio, Regio, et Brabantiae privilegio decennali.
1595.

Cartographer: Luis Teixeira.

Date of the first edition: 1595.
Date of this map: 1609.
Date on map: 1595.

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Map size: 35 x 485mm (1.38 x 19.09 inches).
Sheet size: 470 x 560mm (18.5 x 22.05 inches).
Verso: Latin text.
Condition: Original coloured, two light vertical creases.
Condition Rating: A+.
References: Van der Krogt 3, 8450:31; Van den Broecke, #165; Walter L., #5; Meurer (Ortelius), 134

From: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum Abrahami Ortelii Antverp. Antwerpen, J.B.Vrients, 1609. (Van der Krogt 3, 1:054)

Teixeira's map of Japan represents a combination of Portuguese and Japanese information, in which the latter dominates. The three main Islands, in particular Kyushu and Honshu, are separated from one another. For the first time in Western cartography, the eastern sections of the country, which Europeans had not yet visited, are also represented. There, too, the important place names are included. On the other hand, many names of places that the merchants and missionaries commonly visited are lacking, though they had been prominent on the maps of Europeans up to this time that were based purely on their observations.
The Ortelius / Texeira type remained determinant until the middle of the seventeenth century. Then, in contrast to the types that appeared later, its imitators took it over almost without change. (Walter).


Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598)

The maker of the 'first atlas', the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (1570), was born on 4 April 1527 into an old Antwerp family. He learned Latin and studied Greek and mathematics.
Abraham and his sisters Anne and Elizabeth took up map colouring. He was admitted to the Guild of St. Luke as an "illuminator of maps." Besides colouring maps, Ortelius was a dealer in antiques, coins, maps, and books, with the book and map trade gradually becoming his primary occupation.
Business went well because his means permitted him to start an extensive collection of medals, coins, and antiques, as well as a library of many volumes. In addition, he travelled a lot and visited Italy and France, made contacts everywhere with scholars and editors, and maintained extensive correspondence with them.

In 1564 he published his first map, a large and ambitious wall map of the world. The inspiration for this map may well have been Gastaldi's large world map. In 1565 he published a map of Egypt and a map of the Holy Land, a large map of Asia followed.
In 1568 the production of individual maps for his atlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum was already in full swing. The atlas was completed in 1569, and in May of 1570, the Theatrum was available for sale. It was one of the most expensive books ever published.
This first edition contained seventy maps on fifty-three sheets. The maps were engraved by Franciscus Hogenberg.
Later editions included Additamenta (additions) that later resulted in Ortelius' historical atlas, the Parergon, mostly bound together with the atlas. The Parergon can be called a truly original work of Ortelius, who drew the maps based on his own research.

The importance of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum for geographical knowledge in the last quarter of the sixteenth century is difficult to overemphasize. There was nothing else like it until Mercator's atlas appeared twenty-five years later. Demand for the Theatrum was remarkable. Altogether some 24 editions appeared during Ortelius's lifetime and another ten after his death in 1598. Editions had been published in Dutch, German, French, Spanish, English, and Italian. The number of map sheets grew from 53 in 1570 to 167 in 1612 in the last edition.

In 1577, engraver Philip Galle and poet-translator Pieter Heyns published the first pocket-sized edition of the Theatrum, the Epitome. The work was very popular. Over thirty editions of this Epitome were published in different languages.

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