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Ambon (Moluccas), by François Valentyn (Valentijn). 1724-26

Ambon was a governorate of the Dutch East India Company (VOC), consisting of Ambon Island and ten neighbouring islands. Steven van der Hagen captured Fort Victoria on 22 February 1605 from the Portuguese in the VOC name. Until 1619, Ambon served as the capital of the Dutch possessions in East Asia. In that year Batavia was founded to function as the staple port for the Dutch East India Company in Asia. The island was the world centre of clove production until the 19th century. The Dutch prohibited the rearing of the clove-tree in all the other islands subject to their rule, to secure the monopoly to Ambon.


François Valentijn (1666-1727)

François Valentijn was a minister who devoted most of his life to the employ of the V.O.C. In 1685 he was sent by the V.O.C. to Ambon as a Minister to the East Indies, where he remained for a decade. He returned and lived in Holland for about ten years before returning to the Indies in 1705. The following year Valentijn was Army Chaplain on an expedition in eastern Java but suffered health problems and requested permission to return to Holland.
Finally, back home, Valentijn composed his monumental work, Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indien. This massive work of five parts in eight volumes appeared between 1724 and 1726. It was created both from the voluminous journals Valentijn had amassed during his two stays in Southeast Asia, as well as from his own research, correspondence, and previously unpublished material secured from V.O.C. officials. It contained over one thousand engraved illustrations and some of the most accurate maps of the Indies of this time.

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De Landvoogdy van Amboina met de elf onderhoorige Eylanden.

€350  ($423.5 / £311.5)
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Item Number:  17566  new
Category:  Antique maps > Asia > Southeast Asia
References: Landwehr (VOC) - 467.2(1+2).

Old, antique map of Moluccas - Ambon, by François Valentyn (Valentijn).

Date of the first edition: 1724-26.
Date of this map: 1724-26.

Copper engraving, printed on two sheets of paper, joined.
Size (not including margins): 29.5 x 76 cm (11.61 x 29.92 inch).
Verso: Blank.
Condition: Excellent.
Condition Rating: A+

References: Landwehr (VOC), 467.2(1+2).

From: Valentyn Fr. Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indien, vervattende Een Naaukeurige en Uitvoerige Verhandelinge van Nederlands Mogendheyd In die Geweesten.Amsterdamn 1724-26.

Ambon was a governorate of the Dutch East India Company (VOC), consisting of Ambon Island and ten neighbouring islands. Steven van der Hagen captured Fort Victoria on 22 February 1605 from the Portuguese in the VOC name. Until 1619, Ambon served as the capital of the Dutch possessions in East Asia. In that year Batavia was founded to function as the staple port for the Dutch East India Company in Asia. The island was the world centre of clove production until the 19th century. The Dutch prohibited the rearing of the clove-tree in all the other islands subject to their rule, to secure the monopoly to Ambon.


François Valentijn (1666-1727)

François Valentijn was a minister who devoted most of his life to the employ of the V.O.C. In 1685 he was sent by the V.O.C. to Ambon as a Minister to the East Indies, where he remained for a decade. He returned and lived in Holland for about ten years before returning to the Indies in 1705. The following year Valentijn was Army Chaplain on an expedition in eastern Java but suffered health problems and requested permission to return to Holland.
Finally, back home, Valentijn composed his monumental work, Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indien. This massive work of five parts in eight volumes appeared between 1724 and 1726. It was created both from the voluminous journals Valentijn had amassed during his two stays in Southeast Asia, as well as from his own research, correspondence, and previously unpublished material secured from V.O.C. officials. It contained over one thousand engraved illustrations and some of the most accurate maps of the Indies of this time.