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Ypres (Ieper), by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. 1597

CARTOUCHE: Ypres, one of the best-fortified cities in Flanders. 

COMMENTRY BY BRAUN: "Ypres is a city in Flanders with a big and long town hall, located on the marketplace, a magnificent building with a big square tower. It is a remarkable fact that no one has ever seen a spider or a spider's web in this building. As some believe, the reason for this is that the wooden beams were brought here over the sea from Norway and Sweden and that the salt water does not tolerate rot and vermin. Twice a year a great fair is held here, especially in cloth and wool, with which the Flemings have always carried on a lively trade." 

Ypres in Flanders was one of the most important cloth production centres in Europe in the 13th century. With a population of 200,000 and 4,000 weaving looms, it surpassed even Ghent and Bruges. Cloth from Ypres has been found in central Russia, North Africa and Syria. The city suffered an economic decline in the 15th century when English wool became established on the market. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562, he received his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Hypra Flandriarum Civitas Munitissima

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Item Number:  5233 Authenticity Guarantee

Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Belgium - Cities

Old, antique bird’s-eye view plan of Ypres (Ieper), by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

Title: Hypra Flandriarum Civitas Munitissima.

Date of the first edition: 1575.
Date of this map: 1597.

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 340 x 323mm (13.39 x 12.72 inches).
Verso: Latin text.
Condition: Old coloured, small reinforcement at centrefold.
Condition Rating: A.

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, ... Part 2: De Praecipuis, Totius Universi Urbibus, Liber Secundus. Köln, Bertram Buchholz, 1597. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.2)

CARTOUCHE: Ypres, one of the best-fortified cities in Flanders. 

COMMENTRY BY BRAUN: "Ypres is a city in Flanders with a big and long town hall, located on the marketplace, a magnificent building with a big square tower. It is a remarkable fact that no one has ever seen a spider or a spider's web in this building. As some believe, the reason for this is that the wooden beams were brought here over the sea from Norway and Sweden and that the salt water does not tolerate rot and vermin. Twice a year a great fair is held here, especially in cloth and wool, with which the Flemings have always carried on a lively trade." 

Ypres in Flanders was one of the most important cloth production centres in Europe in the 13th century. With a population of 200,000 and 4,000 weaving looms, it surpassed even Ghent and Bruges. Cloth from Ypres has been found in central Russia, North Africa and Syria. The city suffered an economic decline in the 15th century when English wool became established on the market. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562, he received his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

References: Van der Krogt 4 - 1862; Taschen (Br. Hog.) - p.148; Verbouwe (Ieper) - #133