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Soest by Braun and Hogenberg. 1599

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on the verso): "After Münster, Soest is the wealthiest and largest city in Westphalia. [...] It is said that it was originally a castle and one of the fortresses that Widukind, who conducted a war against Charlemagne for thirty years, rebuilt several times after it had fallen and been destroyed. [...] It has many nearby villages under its authority, which used to be small bailiwicks but are now called burdens because they have to bear the burdens and hardships imposed upon them by the burghers."

This plate shows the city from the southeast looking over the Soest Börde, which has fertile loess soil and the advantage of a dry climate. The view is dominated by numerous church spires: St Patroclus is considered one of Westphalia's most beautiful Romanesque churches. The other churches and the city walls go back to the city's greatest prosperity period, from the 12th to the 14th century. In the 12th century, Soest was granted a municipal charter, which became the model for the charters of 65 other cities in northern Germany. In the Soest Feud of 1444, the city freed itself from the authority of the archbishop of Cologne and declared itself loyal to the Dukes of Cleves in 1448. The present plate shows Soest from a cavalier perspective, which gives a better view of the buildings in the city.


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562, he received his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Soest

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Item Number:  24095 Authenticity Guarantee

Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Germany - Cities

Antique map, bird's-eye view of Soest by Braun and Hogenberg.

Title: Soest.

Date of the first edition: 1588.
Date of this map: 1599.

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 325 x 475mm (12.8 x 18.7 inches).
Verso: Latin text.
Condition: Original coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+.

From: Liber quartus Urbium Praecipuarum totius Mundi. Cologne, Bertram Buchholtz, 1599. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.4(1599))

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on the verso): "After Münster, Soest is the wealthiest and largest city in Westphalia. [...] It is said that it was originally a castle and one of the fortresses that Widukind, who conducted a war against Charlemagne for thirty years, rebuilt several times after it had fallen and been destroyed. [...] It has many nearby villages under its authority, which used to be small bailiwicks but are now called burdens because they have to bear the burdens and hardships imposed upon them by the burghers."

This plate shows the city from the southeast looking over the Soest Börde, which has fertile loess soil and the advantage of a dry climate. The view is dominated by numerous church spires: St Patroclus is considered one of Westphalia's most beautiful Romanesque churches. The other churches and the city walls go back to the city's greatest prosperity period, from the 12th to the 14th century. In the 12th century, Soest was granted a municipal charter, which became the model for the charters of 65 other cities in northern Germany. In the Soest Feud of 1444, the city freed itself from the authority of the archbishop of Cologne and declared itself loyal to the Dukes of Cleves in 1448. The present plate shows Soest from a cavalier perspective, which gives a better view of the buildings in the city.


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562, he received his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

References: Van der Krogt 4 - 4034; Taschen (Br. Hog.) - p. 295