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Husum and Haderslev, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Husemum Ducatus Slesvicensis ad Sinum Heveram Opp. [on sheet with] Haderslebia in Ducatu Slesvicensi. - Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg, 1599.

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Item Number:  24107
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Germany - Cities

Antique map with two bird's-eye views by Braun and Hogenberg: Husum and Haderslev.

HUSUM

CARTOUCHE LEFT: Husum, town in the Duchy of Schleswig on the Hever coast.

CARTOUCHE RIGHT: Recorded by the illustrious gentleman Heinrich Rantzau, viceroy of the King, etc.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "Husum, a town in Schleswig situated in the territory ruled by Adolf, Duke of Schleswig, has a shipping port that is celebrated for its far-flung commerce and trade links. To it the city owes the bend or twist made by the large arm of the sea called the Hever so that it extends as far as Husum. Hence it is easy to go by ship from here to Holland, Zeeland, England and Scotland, which is, conversely, the reason why so many goods arrive here for transhipment to Flensburg, which is only five miles distant, that is, from the North Sea to the Baltic."

This view, looking north from a slightly elevated vantage point, shows the unfortified town on the Hever, with ships on it. At the centre is the church of St Mary, consecrated in 1436. Behind it is the castle built by Duke Adolf from 1577 to 1582. First mentioned in 1409, Husum was the most important North Friesland port in the late 15th century. It owed this status to a storm flood, which swept away much of the North Friesland coast in 1362, turning an inland settlement into a port town overnight. Husum was not made a free city until the early 17th century. Active in Husum from 1512 to 1521, the celebrated Hans Brüggemann produced his masterpiece here, the Bordersholm Altarpiece. Husum was fondly addressed as " O grey town on the sea" by a famous son, the writer Theodor Storm.

HADERSLEV

CARTOUCHE: Haderslev, town in the Duchy of Schleswig across from Funen, defended by a royal fort that is square in ground plan, 150 paces long and nearly as many wide. 1585 at Cologne.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "Haderslev, a town in the Duchy of Schleswig, was incorporated and granted its civic privileges in the year of our lord 1292 by Waldemar, Duke of Jutland. Once it had a fortified castle on an elevation. [...] Moreover it also has a secure harbour or safe haven for mooring ships such that it extends into the Baltic across from Finland, which is surrounded on all sides in the immediate environs by fertile, arable land."

This view with sea-going vessels indicates the importance of Haderslev as a trading port situated on a man-made peninsula at the end of Haderslev Fjord. In the Middle Ages it was one of the most prosperous ports in the region. In 1544 Haderslev became a seat of territorial government and the fortress situated to the east of the city was replaced by magnificent Hansburg castle, which was besieged and destroyed by the Swedes in the 17th century and never rebuilt. The High Gothic church of St Mary was, after Schleswig cathedral, the largest in the former bishopric of Schleswig. Haderslev lost its importance as a port because the fjord and harbour were too narrow for larger ships to be able to manoeuvre in them.

Date of the first edition: 1588
Date of this map: 1599

Copper engraving
Size: 35 x 45.5cm (13.7 x 17.7 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Uncoloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, 1853; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg,

From: Liber quartus Urbium Praecipuarum totius Mundi. Cologne, Bertram Buchholtz, 1599. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.4(1599))

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.