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Two bird's-eye plans by Braun and Hogenberg: Heide and Meldorf.

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Icon Oppidi Heide [on sheet with] Delineatio Urbis Meldorpie - Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg, 1596/97.

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Item Number:  24170
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Germany - Cities

Old map with two bird's-eye plans by Braun and Hogenberg: Heide and Meldorf.

HEIDE

TRANSLATION OF CAPTION: Picture of the town of Heide, drawn at the expense of Heinrich Rantzau and conveyed to us in the year 1596.

Signed bottom right: Drawn by Daniel Freese of Dithmarschen.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Heide is a square town in Dithmarschen and the market there is also square and according to the dimensions of the drawing very large, 8,000 paces long and wide, and more streets lead off from all four corners. The town takes its name from the heath [German Heide] on which it was built and became famous for the tribunal of 48 judges that used to assemble there every week to dispense justice. People from the whole area also came to market here every Saturday, as is still the case today."

The town of Heide is presented in a bird's-eye view from the south.The houses are arranged around the rectangular marketplace, in whose middle stands St George's church, founded in 1560. Heide is first mentioned in records in 1404 as Uppe de Heyde. After 1447, when it was chosen by the inhabitants of the Dithmarschen region as their place of assembly, it rose in importance and remained the capital of the independent peasant republic of Dithmarschen until 1559. Its assemblies were held on the market square, which at 12 acres remains Germany's largest open marketplace. Heide is today the district capital of Dithmarschen and currently has some 21,000 inhabitants.

MELDORF

TRANSLATION OF CAPTION: Picture of the town of Meldorf, drawn at the expense of Heinrich Rantzau, lord of the Lower Elbe, and conveyed to us for the embellishment of this 5th volume.

Signed bottom right: Drawn by Daniel Freese of Dithmarschen.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Meldorf is also a small town in Dithmarschen; it takes its name from the River Melda flowing past, which was formerly navigable by boat and was of great advantage for the inhabitants. There is a magnificent church here, of which it is said that it was the first in the whole land, when after the eradication of heathen idolatry the Christian faith was proclaimed for the first time."

In this bird's-eye view from the south the houses are once again grouped around the church at the centre of the town. Dedicated to St John but commonly known as Meldorf cathedral, the first church was constructed from AD 810 to 826; in the 13th century it was rebuilt in the Gothic style. It originally stood right beside the North Sea, but due to land reclamation now lies - like the town itself - some 6 km from the coast. Meldorf is first mentioned in records in 1076. It was chartered in 1265 and served as Dithmarschen's place of assembly until Heide took over this role. Meldorf subsequently lost its charter in 1598. The town today has some 8,000 inhabitants. (Taschen).

Date of the first edition: 1596
Date of this map: 1596

Copper engraving
Size: 37 x 38.5cm (14.4 x 14.9 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Uncoloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, 1742; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.387

From: Urbium Praecipuarum Mundi Theatrum Quintum Auctore Georgio Braunio Agrippinate. Part 5. Köln, 1596/97. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.5)

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.