This product is successfully added to your cart
Questions about this product? (#26118)

Gelderland and Overijssel, by Gerard Mercator. 1619

Gerard Mercator (1512 – 1594)

Gerard Mercator was born as Gerard de Cremere in Rupelmonde (near Antwerp) on 5 March 1512.

Young Gerard learned what Latin he could in Rupelmonde, and when he was about fifteen, his uncle sent him to ’s Hertogenbosch to study at a school run by the Brothers of the Common Life. One of Mercator’s teachers was the celebrated humanist Macropedius. After three and a half years with the brothers, Gerard went to Louvain, where he enrolled in the university in 1530 as one of the poor students at Castle College.

By this time, he had Latinized his name to Mercator. He studied philosophy and took his master’s degree in 1532. The problems of the creation of the Universe and the Earth interested him in particular; this is reflected by his works written in later years.

After spending a few years in Antwerp, he returned to Louvain in c. 1535, where he took courses in mathematics under Gemma Frisius. Soon he was recognised as an expert on the construction of mathematical instruments, as a land surveyor and, after 1537, as a cartographer. He drew his income from these activities after his marriage on 3 August 1536. He also qualified himself as a copper-engraver; he was the first in history to introduce italic handwriting to this trade. The first maps, drawn and engraved by Gerard Mercator, are Palestine, 1537; the world in double heart-shaped projection, 1538; and Flanders, 1540.

In 1544, Mercator came into great danger: he was arrested on the accusation of heresy and put into jail. Thanks to the intervention of the University of Louvain, he was released after four months. In 1552, he moved with his family into the city of Duisburg (Germany). In 1560, Mercator became a cosmographer in service of the Duke of Jülich-Cleve-Berge and in 1563, he became a lecturer at the Grammar School of the new University in Duisburg. During this period, he made wall maps of Europe, 1554; of Loraine, 1564; the British Isles, 1564; and the famous map of the world with increasing latitudes, 1569. About this time, Mercator was also working on the project for a complete description of the creation, the Heavens, Earth, Sea and world history. This resulted in his Atlas, sive cosmographicae meditationes de fabrica mundi et fabricati figura. He also worked on an edition of Ptolemy’s Geographia, which appeared in 1578. The first part of his book with modern maps (France, Germany and the Netherlands) appeared in 1585.

Shortly after the publication of the second part of his map book (not yet called Atlas) with the maps of Italy (1589), he had a stroke that brought an end to his highly great productivity. The great man passed away on 2 December 1594, leaving the responsibility of finishing the map book to his son Rumold. The final part of it appeared in 1595. Its title is Pars Altera, and it constitutes an essential part of what was then called Mercator’s Atlas.

The map of Europe and the world map in the Atlas are by Rumold Mercator. After Rumold died in 1599, the Atlas was reissued in 1602.

The plates of the maps, both of the Ptolemy edition and the Atlas, were sold in 1604 to Jodocus Hondius of Amsterdam. The following year Hondius managed to bring out Ptolemy’s Geographia. In 1606, the first Amsterdam edition of the Mercator Atlas appeared in the next year. From then to 1638, the Atlas saw many enlarged editions in various languages.

back

Geldria et Transysvlana.

€340  ($333.2 / £299.2)
add to cart
questions?
PRINT

Item Number:  26118
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > The Netherlands
References: Van der Krogt 1 - 3700:1A

Old, antique map of Gelderland and Overijssel by G. Mercator.

Oude, antieke kaart van Gelderland en Overijssel, door G. Mercator.

Date of the first edition: 1585
Date of this map: 1619

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 35.5 x 46.5cm (13.8 x 18.1 inches)
Verso text: French
Condition: Original coloured, excellent
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krogt 1, 3700:1A.

From: Gerardi Mercatoris - Atlas sive Cosmographicae Meditationes de Fabrica Mundi et Fabricati Figura. Amsterdam, J. Hondius, 1619. (Van der Krogt 1, 113)

Gerard Mercator (1512 – 1594)

Gerard Mercator was born as Gerard de Cremere in Rupelmonde (near Antwerp) on 5 March 1512.

Young Gerard learned what Latin he could in Rupelmonde, and when he was about fifteen, his uncle sent him to ’s Hertogenbosch to study at a school run by the Brothers of the Common Life. One of Mercator’s teachers was the celebrated humanist Macropedius. After three and a half years with the brothers, Gerard went to Louvain, where he enrolled in the university in 1530 as one of the poor students at Castle College.

By this time, he had Latinized his name to Mercator. He studied philosophy and took his master’s degree in 1532. The problems of the creation of the Universe and the Earth interested him in particular; this is reflected by his works written in later years.

After spending a few years in Antwerp, he returned to Louvain in c. 1535, where he took courses in mathematics under Gemma Frisius. Soon he was recognised as an expert on the construction of mathematical instruments, as a land surveyor and, after 1537, as a cartographer. He drew his income from these activities after his marriage on 3 August 1536. He also qualified himself as a copper-engraver; he was the first in history to introduce italic handwriting to this trade. The first maps, drawn and engraved by Gerard Mercator, are Palestine, 1537; the world in double heart-shaped projection, 1538; and Flanders, 1540.

In 1544, Mercator came into great danger: he was arrested on the accusation of heresy and put into jail. Thanks to the intervention of the University of Louvain, he was released after four months. In 1552, he moved with his family into the city of Duisburg (Germany). In 1560, Mercator became a cosmographer in service of the Duke of Jülich-Cleve-Berge and in 1563, he became a lecturer at the Grammar School of the new University in Duisburg. During this period, he made wall maps of Europe, 1554; of Loraine, 1564; the British Isles, 1564; and the famous map of the world with increasing latitudes, 1569. About this time, Mercator was also working on the project for a complete description of the creation, the Heavens, Earth, Sea and world history. This resulted in his Atlas, sive cosmographicae meditationes de fabrica mundi et fabricati figura. He also worked on an edition of Ptolemy’s Geographia, which appeared in 1578. The first part of his book with modern maps (France, Germany and the Netherlands) appeared in 1585.

Shortly after the publication of the second part of his map book (not yet called Atlas) with the maps of Italy (1589), he had a stroke that brought an end to his highly great productivity. The great man passed away on 2 December 1594, leaving the responsibility of finishing the map book to his son Rumold. The final part of it appeared in 1595. Its title is Pars Altera, and it constitutes an essential part of what was then called Mercator’s Atlas.

The map of Europe and the world map in the Atlas are by Rumold Mercator. After Rumold died in 1599, the Atlas was reissued in 1602.

The plates of the maps, both of the Ptolemy edition and the Atlas, were sold in 1604 to Jodocus Hondius of Amsterdam. The following year Hondius managed to bring out Ptolemy’s Geographia. In 1606, the first Amsterdam edition of the Mercator Atlas appeared in the next year. From then to 1638, the Atlas saw many enlarged editions in various languages.

Related items

Antique map of Gelderland by Homann Heirs

Charte von Gelderland Ca. 1785.
Antique map of Gelderland by Homann Heirs
[Item number: 13877]

€170  ($166.6 / £149.6)
Antique map of Gelderland - Zutphen by Visscher N.

Ducatus Geldria et Zutphania Comitatus 1680-1710
Antique map of Gelderland - Zutphen by Visscher N.
[Item number: 12384]

€280  ($274.4 / £246.4)
Antique map of Gelderland - Zutphen by Janssonius J.

Ducatus Gelriae pars Tertia Quae est Comitatus Zutphaniensis 1646-57
Antique map of Gelderland - Zutphen by Janssonius J.
[Item number: 15006]

€250  ($245 / £220)
Antique map of Fossa Eugenia by M. Pitt, J. Janssonius van Waesberghe.

Fossa Eugeniana quae a Rheno ad Mosam duci coepta est, Anno MDCXXVI ... 1680-1683
Antique map of Fossa Eugenia by M. Pitt, J. Janssonius van Waesberghe.
[Item number: 6867]

€320  ($313.6 / £281.6)
Gelderland - Zutphen by de Wit F.

Ducatus Geldriae et Comitatus Zutphaniae Tabula. c. 1680
Gelderland - Zutphen by de Wit F.
[Item number: 20310]

€340  ($333.2 / £299.2)
Old, antique map of Gelderland by Ortelius A.

Gelriae, Cliviae, Finitimorumque Locorum Verissima Descriptio / Christiano Schrot Auctore 1612
Old, antique map of Gelderland by Ortelius A.
[Item number: 22980]

€350  ($343 / £308)
Gelderland - Zutphen by Visscher N. II

Ducatus Geldriae et Zutphaniae Comitatus. 1683-1696
Gelderland - Zutphen by Visscher N. II
[Item number: 13095]

€280  ($274.4 / £246.4)
Antique map of Gelderland - Roermond by De Wit F.

Tetrachia Ducatus Geldriae Ruremondana Sive Hispanica c. 1680
Antique map of Gelderland - Roermond by De Wit F.
[Item number: 13202]

€400  ($392 / £352)
Gelderland, by Willem Blaeu.

Geldria Ducatus et Zutfania Comitatus. 1642-43
Gelderland, by Willem Blaeu.
[Item number: 23353]

€450  ($441 / £396)
Antique map of Gelderland - Roermond by Covens & Mortier

Tetrachia Ducatus Geldriae Ruremondana 1721-41
Antique map of Gelderland - Roermond by Covens & Mortier
[Item number: 23652]

€300  ($294 / £264)
Antique map of Gelderland - Zutphen by Covens & Mortier

Ducatus Geldriae et Comitatus Zutphaniae, Tabula 1721-41
Antique map of Gelderland - Zutphen by Covens & Mortier
[Item number: 23653]

€260  ($254.8 / £228.8)
Antique map of Gelderland - Zutphen by F. De Wit

Comitatus Zutphaniae sive Geldriae, Tetrachiae Zutphaniensis ... 1721-41
Antique map of Gelderland - Zutphen by F. De Wit
[Item number: 23654]

€250  ($245 / £220)
Antique map of Gelderland by N. Sanson - Jaillot - Covens & Mortier

La Veluwe, la Betuwe, et le Comte de Zutphen dans le Duche de Gueldre ... 1710
Antique map of Gelderland by N. Sanson - Jaillot - Covens & Mortier
[Item number: 23648]

€280  ($274.4 / £246.4)
Antique map of Gelderland and Veluwe by C.J. Visscher

Den Ysel-Stroom van Arnhem tot beneden Deventer met een gedeelte van de Veluwe 1634
Antique map of Gelderland and Veluwe by C.J. Visscher
[Item number: 24503]

€880  ($862.4 / £774.4)
Old, antique map of Gelderland by Ortelius A,

Gelriae, Cliviae, Finitimorumque Locorum Verissima Descriptio / Christiano Schrot Auctore 1579
Old, antique map of Gelderland by Ortelius A,
[Item number: 21729]

€260  ($254.8 / £228.8)
Holland by C. Specht, published by R. & J. Ottens.

Kaart van 't Graafschap Holland Naauwkeurig Afgedeelt in zyne Heemraadschappen, Baljuwschappen en Waarden, 1730-45
Holland by C. Specht, published by R. & J. Ottens.
[Item number: 25706]

€780  ($764.4 / £686.4)
Gelderland, by Pieter Van der Aa.

La Gueldre. 1713
Gelderland, by Pieter Van der Aa.
[Item number: 26065]

€250  ($245 / £220)
Old antique map of Overijssel, by Willem Blaeu.

Transiselania Dominium vernacule Over-Yssel. 1643
Old antique map of Overijssel, by Willem Blaeu.
[Item number: 27132]

€350  ($343 / £308)
Gelderland, by Claes Jansz Visscher.

Ducatus Geldriae nec non Comitatus Zutphiae cum adjacentibus Regionibus. 1634
Gelderland, by Claes Jansz Visscher.
[Item number: 28004]

€2500  ($2450 / £2200)
Overijssel, by Claes Jansz. Visscher.

De Heerlijckheijt van Over-Yssel. 1634
Overijssel, by Claes Jansz. Visscher.
[Item number: 28032]

€1600  ($1568 / £1408)
Overijssel by Nicolaes Visscher I.

Transisalania Provincia; Vulgo Over-Yssel. 1656-80
Overijssel by Nicolaes Visscher I.
[Item number: 28597]

€460  ($450.8 / £404.8)
Gelderland by Cornelis Danckerts.

Ducatus Geldriae. 1636
Gelderland by Cornelis Danckerts.
[Item number: 28785]

€950  ($931 / £836)