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Helsingør (Sjaelland) & Ribe (Jutland), by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. 1623

HELSINGØR COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "In the direction of the sea stands a well-fortified, impregnable castle called the Kronborg, where all the goods that are exported from the country are checked. Anyone who infringes this immediately forfeits his life, and all goods, however worthless they may be, pass into the royal state treasury. All the ships that pass through this strait, whatever their course, must lower their sails and pay the royal customs officials the stipulated toll."

The town of Helsingør - formerly anglicized as Elsinore - is seen from the east across the Øresund; prominent on the right is the Kronborg toll station. A number of windmills can be seen on the hills behind the city: By the Middle Ages Helsingør was already an established marketplace and in 1200 saw the foundation of St Olaf's church, today a cathedral. From the 1420s the city expanded under Erik VII of Pomerania, king of Denmark. It was he who built Krogen castle (1429), subsequently enlarged by Frederick II in 1574-1585 and renamed the Kronborg. Helsingør lies on the northeast coast of the Danish island of Zealand, at the narrowest point of the Øresund, opposite the Swedish city of Helsingborg.

RIBE COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "If one were to look closely at the city's internal layout, one might easily call it Tripolis, meaning "three cities". For it is divided into three by streams and rivers and connected as many times by bridges and mills. The king's castle can be seen to the north [...]."

The view of Ribe shows a sea of roofs, from which a number of buildings stand out: on the left the Gothic Sankta Catharinae Kirke, in the centre the cathedral (I), frequently modified since its original construction from 1150 to 1250, and on the right the palace of Riberhus, built by King Nils at the start of the 12th century. All that is visible of the castle today are a few remains and a statue of Queen Dagmar, who lived in the castle, was greatly loved by the Danish people and was canonized for her charity and good works. When Scandinavia's first church was built in Ribe around AD 860, on the site now occupied by the cathedral, the town was already a major centre of trade and maintained links with northern Germany, England and the Netherlands. Despite suffering numerous setbacks in the form of plague epidemics, fires and storm tides, at the end of the 15th century Ribe was still an important medium-sized town. Over the course of the 16th century, however, its influence upon Danish maritime trade waned. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Elsenor [on sheet with] Ripen.

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Item Number:  23375
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Northern Europe

Two bird's-eye views by Braun and Hogenberg on one sheet: Helsingør (Sjaelland) & Ribe (Jutland).

Copper engraving
Size: 33.5 x 47.5cm (13.1 x 18.4 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Old coloured.
Condition Rating: A

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, ... Part 5. Köln, 1598.

HELSINGØR COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "In the direction of the sea stands a well-fortified, impregnable castle called the Kronborg, where all the goods that are exported from the country are checked. Anyone who infringes this immediately forfeits his life, and all goods, however worthless they may be, pass into the royal state treasury. All the ships that pass through this strait, whatever their course, must lower their sails and pay the royal customs officials the stipulated toll."

The town of Helsingør - formerly anglicized as Elsinore - is seen from the east across the Øresund; prominent on the right is the Kronborg toll station. A number of windmills can be seen on the hills behind the city: By the Middle Ages Helsingør was already an established marketplace and in 1200 saw the foundation of St Olaf's church, today a cathedral. From the 1420s the city expanded under Erik VII of Pomerania, king of Denmark. It was he who built Krogen castle (1429), subsequently enlarged by Frederick II in 1574-1585 and renamed the Kronborg. Helsingør lies on the northeast coast of the Danish island of Zealand, at the narrowest point of the Øresund, opposite the Swedish city of Helsingborg.

RIBE COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "If one were to look closely at the city's internal layout, one might easily call it Tripolis, meaning "three cities". For it is divided into three by streams and rivers and connected as many times by bridges and mills. The king's castle can be seen to the north [...]."

The view of Ribe shows a sea of roofs, from which a number of buildings stand out: on the left the Gothic Sankta Catharinae Kirke, in the centre the cathedral (I), frequently modified since its original construction from 1150 to 1250, and on the right the palace of Riberhus, built by King Nils at the start of the 12th century. All that is visible of the castle today are a few remains and a statue of Queen Dagmar, who lived in the castle, was greatly loved by the Danish people and was canonized for her charity and good works. When Scandinavia's first church was built in Ribe around AD 860, on the site now occupied by the cathedral, the town was already a major centre of trade and maintained links with northern Germany, England and the Netherlands. Despite suffering numerous setbacks in the form of plague epidemics, fires and storm tides, at the end of the 15th century Ribe was still an important medium-sized town. Over the course of the 16th century, however, its influence upon Danish maritime trade waned. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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