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Visby on Gotland, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

TRANSLATION OF CAPTION: In the name of Christian IV. King of Denmark, Norway, the Vandals and the Goths.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "On the Island of Gotland, where the Baltic Sea borders Sweden, Livonia and Prussia, in a region extremely well suited for cattle farming, for game, fish, marble quarrying and other vital necessities, lies the splendid city of Visby, famed throughout almost the whole of Christendom, whose large and ancient marble buildings still bear witness to its magnificence today. In 1288 it was granted its civic rights by King Magnus Ladulas of Sweden and with these the freedom to fortify the town with walls. [...] Right up to the present day, the inhabitants can still show visitors ten churches and four monasteries built in a single style of architecture. [...] It was in Visby harbour that the famous fish was caught, out of whose belly a child was cut, in the year of our Lord 1289."

The view from the west shows Visby from the sea. In the town beyond the harbour, three churches stand out in particular: the Santa Maria Kyrka (Q), the convent church of Sankta Katarina (V) in the centre and on the right the Sankt Petri Kyrka (O). Only Sankta Maria (St Mary's) - the cathedral of the Visby diocese since 1572 - still stands today. Visby was continuously occupied from the Viking era onwards. In 1161 Henry the Lion granted the city a trading privilege that guaranteed legal security for commercial transactions. Around the middle of the 12th century Visby served as one of the first centres of the Hanseatic League and was called "Regina Maris", Queen of the Sea. In the 13th century, however, the city lost its leading position in Baltic trade to Lübeck. With the Treaty of Brömsebro in 1645 Visby became part of Sweden. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Visbia Gothorum. - Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg, 1600.

€1300  ($1521 / £1170)
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Item Number:  27635  new
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Northern Europe
References: Van der Krogt 4 - #4718, State 2 (with descriptive text); Taschen, Br. Hog. - p. 390; Fauser - #14929

Old, antique bird's-eye view plan of Visby on Gotland, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

Date of the first edition: 1596
Date of this map: 1600

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 36.5 x 49cm (14.2 x 19.1 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Excellent, superb old colour.
Condition Rating: A+

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, ... Part 5. Köln, Bertram Buchholtz, 1600.

TRANSLATION OF CAPTION: In the name of Christian IV. King of Denmark, Norway, the Vandals and the Goths.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "On the Island of Gotland, where the Baltic Sea borders Sweden, Livonia and Prussia, in a region extremely well suited for cattle farming, for game, fish, marble quarrying and other vital necessities, lies the splendid city of Visby, famed throughout almost the whole of Christendom, whose large and ancient marble buildings still bear witness to its magnificence today. In 1288 it was granted its civic rights by King Magnus Ladulas of Sweden and with these the freedom to fortify the town with walls. [...] Right up to the present day, the inhabitants can still show visitors ten churches and four monasteries built in a single style of architecture. [...] It was in Visby harbour that the famous fish was caught, out of whose belly a child was cut, in the year of our Lord 1289."

The view from the west shows Visby from the sea. In the town beyond the harbour, three churches stand out in particular: the Santa Maria Kyrka (Q), the convent church of Sankta Katarina (V) in the centre and on the right the Sankt Petri Kyrka (O). Only Sankta Maria (St Mary's) - the cathedral of the Visby diocese since 1572 - still stands today. Visby was continuously occupied from the Viking era onwards. In 1161 Henry the Lion granted the city a trading privilege that guaranteed legal security for commercial transactions. Around the middle of the 12th century Visby served as one of the first centres of the Hanseatic League and was called "Regina Maris", Queen of the Sea. In the 13th century, however, the city lost its leading position in Baltic trade to Lübeck. With the Treaty of Brömsebro in 1645 Visby became part of Sweden. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.