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Cadiz, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg,

CAPTION TOP: The most noble and faithful city of Cadiz.

SIGNED CENTRE: drawn and provided by Georg Hoefnagel.

CAPTION BOTTOM: Almodrava de Cadiz, or tuna fishing near Cadiz.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "This plate shows two tall watchtowers on the east side of the Island of Cadiz, which guard against enemy attack of the Berbers, Turks and Moors, who frequently seek to plunder this place from the sea, and which are therefore called the Torres de Guardia. At night, around the eleventh hour and later around the second hour, a group of citizens go out of the city of Cadiz and light burning torches of straw and hay and other materials on long pikes, so as to be able to give a warning signal."

The sheet is divided horizontally into two unequal parts. In the upper picture, Cadiz is shown from the southeast, with the chapel of St Sebastian here on the far left and the city ramparts on the right. The lower view is presented from the same angle but from a greater distance, so that the entire Bay of Cadiz is visible. The city itself forms merely the backdrop to the illustrations of Cadiz's tuna-fishing industry. The artist records in detail how the fish are caught, cooked and packed and how the waste is incinerated. The watchtowers were primarily designed to protect the city from pirates (Cadiz was pillaged by pirates several times in the 16th century), but were also useful for observing the schools of fish. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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La muy noble y muy leal cividas de Cadiz / Almodrava de Caditz sive Thynnorum piscatio apud Gades. - Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg, 1617.

€880  ($1029.6 / £792)
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Item Number:  27637  new
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Spain and Portugal
References: Van der Krogt 4 - #712 State 1; Taschen, Br. Hog. - p. 354-356; Fauser - #2184

Antique map with two views of Cadiz, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg, after Georg Hoefnagel.

Date of the first edition: 1596
Date of this map: 1617

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 35.5 x 48.5cm (13.8 x 18.9 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Original coloured, a few small brown stains in centre.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 4, #712, State 1; Taschen, Br. Hog. p.354-356; Fauser, #2184.

CAPTION TOP: The most noble and faithful city of Cadiz.

SIGNED CENTRE: drawn and provided by Georg Hoefnagel.

CAPTION BOTTOM: Almodrava de Cadiz, or tuna fishing near Cadiz.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "This plate shows two tall watchtowers on the east side of the Island of Cadiz, which guard against enemy attack of the Berbers, Turks and Moors, who frequently seek to plunder this place from the sea, and which are therefore called the Torres de Guardia. At night, around the eleventh hour and later around the second hour, a group of citizens go out of the city of Cadiz and light burning torches of straw and hay and other materials on long pikes, so as to be able to give a warning signal."

The sheet is divided horizontally into two unequal parts. In the upper picture, Cadiz is shown from the southeast, with the chapel of St Sebastian here on the far left and the city ramparts on the right. The lower view is presented from the same angle but from a greater distance, so that the entire Bay of Cadiz is visible. The city itself forms merely the backdrop to the illustrations of Cadiz's tuna-fishing industry. The artist records in detail how the fish are caught, cooked and packed and how the waste is incinerated. The watchtowers were primarily designed to protect the city from pirates (Cadiz was pillaged by pirates several times in the 16th century), but were also useful for observing the schools of fish. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.