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Toledo, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. 1617

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): " Toledo has already been described in the first volume of this atlas. In this plate, in addition to the plan of the city, the main or cathedral church and the royal palace are clearly illustrated [...]. I can say nothing firm about the founder of Toledo, although some claim Hercules built it."

This detailed depiction of Toledo serves as a complement to the plate in Volume I. The two illustrations are very alike, something not usually the case with repeat views in the Civitates Orbis Terrarum, which may be explained by the fact that they both go back to the same original. The focus falls on the city's two prominent buildings, the cathedral and the Alcazar. On the instructions of Archbishop Jiménez de Rada, the vast Gothic cathedral of Santa Maria was commenced around 1493. The Alcazar goes back to a Roman complex. It was renovated in the 16th century under Charles V, who used the palace as an official residence. Legend claims that Hercules founded the city. Still, Braun doubts this in his accompanying texts and offers alternative suggestions: in Volume I, he states Toledo was founded by the Roman consuls Telemon and Brutus, as recorded by L. Marinaeus Siculus and Tarapha. Strangely, in the present volume, he claims not to know where he read this. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562, he received his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Toletum

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Item Number:  30115 Authenticity Guarantee

Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Spain and Portugal

Old, antique birds-eye view of Toledo, by Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg, painted by Hoefnagel in 1566.

Ornate border with insets of the Alcazar and the cathedral.

Title: Toletum.
Depingebat Georgius Houfnaglius A° 1566.

Cartographer: Georg Hoefnagel.

Date of the first edition: 1596.
Date of this map: 1617.

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Image size: 375 x 505mm (14.76 x 19.88 inches).
Sheet size: 405 x 530mm (15.94 x 20.87 inches).
Verso: Latin text.
Condition: A few wormholes filled.
Condition Rating: A.

From: G. Braun & F. Hogenberg. Civitates Orbis Terrarum. - Urbium Praecipuarum Mundi Theatrum Quintum. Cologne, Petrus von Brachel, 1617. (Van der Krogt 41:1.5 (1617)).

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): " Toledo has already been described in the first volume of this atlas. In this plate, in addition to the plan of the city, the main or cathedral church and the royal palace are clearly illustrated [...]. I can say nothing firm about the founder of Toledo, although some claim Hercules built it."

This detailed depiction of Toledo serves as a complement to the plate in Volume I. The two illustrations are very alike, something not usually the case with repeat views in the Civitates Orbis Terrarum, which may be explained by the fact that they both go back to the same original. The focus falls on the city's two prominent buildings, the cathedral and the Alcazar. On the instructions of Archbishop Jiménez de Rada, the vast Gothic cathedral of Santa Maria was commenced around 1493. The Alcazar goes back to a Roman complex. It was renovated in the 16th century under Charles V, who used the palace as an official residence. Legend claims that Hercules founded the city. Still, Braun doubts this in his accompanying texts and offers alternative suggestions: in Volume I, he states Toledo was founded by the Roman consuls Telemon and Brutus, as recorded by L. Marinaeus Siculus and Tarapha. Strangely, in the present volume, he claims not to know where he read this. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562, he received his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

References: Van der Krogt 4 - p. 1466, #4352; Taschen (Br. Hog.) - p.367; Fauser - #14026