Old antique maps of the Arctic and Antarctic by V.M. Coronelli. 1691-92
Two old maps of the North and South Pole, by Vincenzo Coronelli.
The North and South Polar calottes for the 42" globe.
Shows the North Pole with the coasts of Canada, Greenland, Scandinavia and Siberia, and is decorated with pictorial scenes of bear, seal and whale hunters.
Date of the first edition: 1688
Date of this map: 1691-99
Size each (= diameter, not including margins): 37 x 37cm (14.4 x 14.4 inches)
Condition: Original coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Kershaw, 169; Hinrichsen, 127.
From: Corso Geografico Universelle. Venice, 1691-92 (or later editions of Coronelli's atlases at the end of the 17th century).
These two maps appear to be close derivatives of the Jansson-Blaeu maps of the arctic, with suitable decorative embellishments coupled to some small changes. Coronelli elected to follow the Dutch interpretation of arctic Canada, but added a single waterway almost linking Hudson Strait with Cumberland Strait, possibly as a compromise to the Sanson version. To the east of Spitzbergen, Coronelli has added "Terra di Wiches" from an unknown source, but he also has partially accepted the changes incorporated in the Visscher 1684 edition, Nova et Accurata Poli Arctici, where the northern tip of "Nova Zemla" is joined to mainland Russia. (Kershaw)
"In the early 1680s Vincenzo Coronelli constructed two vast globes - terrestrial and celestial - over fifteen feet in diameter for Louis XIV. These globes were drawn and painted by hand, whereas Coronelli's globes of 1688 were based on printed gores of which sets are extant in the British Library and Library of Congress. They represent a globe of 110 centimetres in diameter: one of the largest based on printed gores hitherto. The polar calottes were printed separately.
The engraving and design throughout is of the highest standard with neat contrasting lettering and five large cartouches of singular grace and elegance. . . ." (Shirley)
These gores and calottes were printed separately in 1688 for the construction of the globes. Some of the half-gores from the 1688 plates were reprinted in the 1696-97 edition of his Isolario and later in his Libro dei Globi with the dedication redated 1699. Pages from these works are thus available to collectors. According to Kershaw, the calottes appeared already in Coronelli's Corso Geografico, 1691-92.