This product is successfully added to your cart
Questions about this product? (#27774)

World, by Abraham Ortelius. 1572

An early issue of Ortelius' world map (before the crack of c.1576), based on Mercator's large world map of 1569. Van den Broecke: "As the first world map occurring in the first regular atlas, this map is of fundamental importance in the history of cartography". From the surviving correspondence, it is known that Mercator generously encouraged Ortelius to make use of his published corpus of research; he also provided him with coordinates of places in America and perhaps elsewhere. South America retains the unusual bulged southwest coast drawn by Mercator. There is also a prudent comment adjacent to New Guinea querying whether this large island is part of the southern continent or not.


Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598)

The maker of the 'first atlas', the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (1570), was born on 4 April 1527 into an old Antwerp family. He learned Latin and studied Greek and mathematics.
Abraham and his sisters Anne and Elizabeth took up map colouring. He was admitted to the Guild of St. Luke as an "illuminator of maps." Besides colouring maps, Ortelius was a dealer in antiques, coins, maps, and books, with the book and map trade gradually becoming his primary occupation.
Business went well because his means permitted him to start an extensive collection of medals, coins, antiques, and a library of many volumes. In addition, he travelled a lot and visited Italy and France, made contacts everywhere with scholars and editors, and maintained an extensive correspondence with them.

In 1564 he published his first map, a large and ambitious world wall map. The inspiration for this map may well have been Gastaldi's large world map. In 1565 he published a map of Egypt and a map of the Holy Land, a large map of Asia followed.
In 1568 the production of individual maps for his atlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum was already in full swing. He completed the atlas in 1569, and in May of 1570, the Theatrum was available for sale. It was one of the most expensive books ever published.
This first edition contained seventy maps on fifty-three sheets. Franciscus Hogenberg engraved the maps.
Later editions included Additamenta (additions), resulting in Ortelius' historical atlas, the Parergon, mostly bound together with the atlas. The Parergon can be called a truly original work of Ortelius, who drew the maps based on his research.

The importance of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum for geographical knowledge in the last quarter of the sixteenth century is difficult to overemphasize. Nothing was like it until Mercator's atlas appeared twenty-five years later. Demand for the Theatrum was remarkable. Some 24 editions appeared during Ortelius's lifetime and another ten after his death in 1598. Editions had been published in Dutch, German, French, Spanish, English, and Italian. The number of map sheets grew from 53 in 1570 to 167 in 1612 in the last edition.

In 1577, engraver Philip Galle and poet-translator Pieter Heyns published the first pocket-sized edition of the Theatrum, the Epitome. The work was trendy. Over thirty editions of this Epitome were published in different languages.

back

Typus Orbis Terrarum.

€7300  ($7154 / £6424)
add to cart
questions?
PRINT

Item Number:  27774
Category:  Antique maps > World and Polar
References: Van der Krogt 3 - 0001:31A; Van den Broecke - #1.1; Clancy - p.67 Map 5.9; Shirley (World) - #122 State 1; Karrow - 1/6.

Old, antique world map by Abraham Ortelius.

Title: Typus Orbis Terrarum.
Franciscus Hogenbergus sculpsit.
Cum privilegio.
Quid ei Potest Videri Magnum in Rebus Humanis, cui Aeternitas omnis, totiusque Mundi Nota sit Magnitudo, Cicero

Date of the first edition: 1570.
Date of this map: 1572.

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 335 x 493mm (13.19 x 19.41 inches).
Verso: German text.
Condition: Original coloured, new side margins. 
Condition Rating: A.
References: Van der Krogt 3, 0001:31A; Van den Broecke, #1.1; Clancy, p.67 Map 5.9; Shirley, #122 State 1; Karrow, 1/6.

From: Theatrum oder Schawplatz des Erdbodems. Antwerpen, Gielis Coppens van Diest, 1572. (Van der Krogt, 3, 201)

An early issue of Ortelius' world map (before the crack of c.1576), based on Mercator's large world map of 1569. Van den Broecke: "As the first world map occurring in the first regular atlas, this map is of fundamental importance in the history of cartography". From the surviving correspondence, it is known that Mercator generously encouraged Ortelius to make use of his published corpus of research; he also provided him with coordinates of places in America and perhaps elsewhere. South America retains the unusual bulged southwest coast drawn by Mercator. There is also a prudent comment adjacent to New Guinea querying whether this large island is part of the southern continent or not.


Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598)

The maker of the 'first atlas', the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (1570), was born on 4 April 1527 into an old Antwerp family. He learned Latin and studied Greek and mathematics.
Abraham and his sisters Anne and Elizabeth took up map colouring. He was admitted to the Guild of St. Luke as an "illuminator of maps." Besides colouring maps, Ortelius was a dealer in antiques, coins, maps, and books, with the book and map trade gradually becoming his primary occupation.
Business went well because his means permitted him to start an extensive collection of medals, coins, antiques, and a library of many volumes. In addition, he travelled a lot and visited Italy and France, made contacts everywhere with scholars and editors, and maintained an extensive correspondence with them.

In 1564 he published his first map, a large and ambitious world wall map. The inspiration for this map may well have been Gastaldi's large world map. In 1565 he published a map of Egypt and a map of the Holy Land, a large map of Asia followed.
In 1568 the production of individual maps for his atlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum was already in full swing. He completed the atlas in 1569, and in May of 1570, the Theatrum was available for sale. It was one of the most expensive books ever published.
This first edition contained seventy maps on fifty-three sheets. Franciscus Hogenberg engraved the maps.
Later editions included Additamenta (additions), resulting in Ortelius' historical atlas, the Parergon, mostly bound together with the atlas. The Parergon can be called a truly original work of Ortelius, who drew the maps based on his research.

The importance of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum for geographical knowledge in the last quarter of the sixteenth century is difficult to overemphasize. Nothing was like it until Mercator's atlas appeared twenty-five years later. Demand for the Theatrum was remarkable. Some 24 editions appeared during Ortelius's lifetime and another ten after his death in 1598. Editions had been published in Dutch, German, French, Spanish, English, and Italian. The number of map sheets grew from 53 in 1570 to 167 in 1612 in the last edition.

In 1577, engraver Philip Galle and poet-translator Pieter Heyns published the first pocket-sized edition of the Theatrum, the Epitome. The work was trendy. Over thirty editions of this Epitome were published in different languages.

Related items

The Ancient World by Ortelius Abraham.

Aevi Veteris, Typus Geographicus 1601
The Ancient World by Ortelius Abraham.
[Item number: 9294]

€650  ($637 / £572)
The world by Robert de Vaugondy.

Orbis Vetus in utraque Continente juxta Mentem Sansonianam Distinctus, nec non Observationibus Astronomicis Redactus ... c. 1757
The world by Robert de Vaugondy.
[Item number: 5092]

€900  ($882 / £792)
The world by Sebastian Münster.

Die erst General Tafel / die Beschreibung und den Circkel des gantzen Erdtrichs und Meers innhaltende. 1588
The world by Sebastian Münster.
[Item number: 25622]

€850  ($833 / £748)
Double hemisphere. by Zürner A.F.

Planisphaerium Terrestre Cum Utroque Coelesti Hemisphaerio, sive Diversa Orbis Terraquei ... Opera et studio A.F. Zûrneri . . . Ex Officina Petri Schenkii in Platea vulgo. [Title repeated in Dutch]. c. 1700
Double hemisphere. by Zürner A.F.
[Item number: 25655]

€3500  ($3430 / £3080)
Ptolemaic world by Sebastian Münster

Altera Generalis Tab. Secundum Ptol. 1552
Ptolemaic world by Sebastian Münster
[Item number: 25727]

€1100  ($1078 / £968)
World map by H. Bünting - D.A. Veleslavina.

Cosmographia Universalis. 1592
World map by H. Bünting - D.A. Veleslavina.
[Item number: 26356]

€1600  ($1568 / £1408)
World by Barent Langenes & Cornelis Claesz

Typus Orbis Terrarum. [Title above:] De Gheheele Werelt. 1598
World by Barent Langenes & Cornelis Claesz
[Item number: 16457]

€600  ($588 / £528)
The world by Francesco Santini.

Nouvelle Mappe Monde Dediee au Progres de nos Connoissances. 1776-79
The world by Francesco Santini.
[Item number: 26946]

€2300  ($2254 / £2024)
World by Cornelis van Wytfliet.

Utriusque Hemispherii delineatio. 1597
World by Cornelis van Wytfliet.
[Item number: 27458]

€1300  ($1274 / £1144)
Double hemisphere world map, by Hubert Jaillot.

Mappe-Monde Geo-Hydrographique, ou Description Generale du Globe Terrestre et Aquatique en Deux Plans-Hemispheres, ou sont exactement remarquées en General Toutes les Parties de la Terre et de L'Eau, suivant les relations les plus nouvelles. c. 1705
Double hemisphere world map, by Hubert Jaillot.
[Item number: 27852]

€3500  ($3430 / £3080)
World - double hemisphere, by Pieter Van der Aa.

Nova Delineatio Totius Orbis Terrarum per Petrum Van der Aa. - Niewe Werelt Caart. 1702
World - double hemisphere, by Pieter Van der Aa.
[Item number: 28122]

€1200  ($1176 / £1056)
World by Abraham Ortelius

Typus Orbis Terrarum. 1592
World by Abraham Ortelius
[Item number: 28389]

€9000  ($8820 / £7920)
Double-hemisphere world map by Henricus Hondius.

Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica ac Hydrographica Tabula. Auct: Henr: Hondio. 1641
Double-hemisphere world map by Henricus Hondius.
[Item number: 28768]

€15200  ($14896 / £13376)
Double hemispheres world map with six smaller projections, by Homann Heirs.

Planiglobii Terrestris Mappa Universalis utrumque Hemisphaerium Orient et Occidentale Repraesentans ex IV. Mappis Generalibus ... / Mappe-Monde qui Represente les Deux Hemispheres Savoir celui de l'Orient et celui de l'Occident ... 1746
Double hemispheres world map with six smaller projections, by Homann Heirs.
[Item number: 28839]

€1800  ($1764 / £1584)
Double-hemisphere world map, by Nicolaas Visscher I.

Orbis Terrarum Nova et Accuratissima Tabula. c. 1678
Double-hemisphere world map, by Nicolaas Visscher I.
[Item number: 28934]  new

€12500  ($12250 / £11000)