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First edition - heightened with gold
Andreas Cellarius, Northern and Southern Sky - Celestial charts published by Johannes Janssonius. 1660

Andreas Cellarius (Heidelberg, c. 1596 - Hoorn, 1665)

Andreas Cellarius enrolled at Heidelberg University in 1613. Then, after several years as a schoolmaster in The Hague, he became the rector of the Latin School at Hoorn around 1637.

His connection with the Janssonius publishing firm dates from around 1645. This year, Jodocus Janssonius, Johannes's son, published Cellarius's Architectura Militaris, work on fortifications. In 1652 the Amsterdam publisher Gillis Jansz. Valckenier published Cellarius's Regni Poloniae … with 21 maps.

In 1660, Joannes Janssonius added a celestial atlas to his Atlas Major, the beautiful Harmonia Macrocosmica by Andreas Cellarius. In 1661 the atlas was republished as a separate publication. The plates of the Harmonia Macrocosmica were reprinted (without the Latin commentary) in 1708 by the Amsterdam publishers Valk and Schenk.

The Harmonia Macrocosmica is the most beautiful celestial atlas ever published and is one of the notable masterworks from the Golden Age of Dutch cartography. The first part of the atlas contains engravings depicting the world systems of Claudius Ptolemy, Nicolaus Copernicus, and Tycho Brahe. At the end are star maps of the classical and further constellations.


The Janssonius Family

Joannes Janssonius (Arnhem, 1588-1664), son of the Arnhem publisher Jan Janssen, married Elisabeth Hondius, daughter of Jodocus Hondius, in Amsterdam in 1612. After his marriage, he settled down in this town as a bookseller and publisher of cartographic material. In 1618, he established himself in Amsterdam next door to Blaeu’s bookshop. He entered into serious competition with Willem Jansz. Blaeu when copying Blaeu’s Licht der Zeevaert after the expiration of the privilege in 1620. His activities concerned the publication of atlases, books, single maps, and an extensive book trade with branches in Frankfurt, Danzig, Stockholm, Copenhagen, Berlin, Koningsbergen, Geneva, and Lyon. In 1631, he began publishing atlases together with Henricus Hondius.

In the early 1640s, Henricus Hondius left the atlas publishing business to Janssonius. Competition with Joan Blaeu, Willem’s son and successor, in atlas production, prompted Janssonius to enlarge his Atlas Novus finally into a work of six volumes, into which a sea atlas and an atlas of the Old World were inserted. Other atlases published by Janssonius are Mercator’s Atlas Minor, Hornius’s historical atlas (1652), the townbooks in eight volumes (1657), Cellarius’s Atlas Coelestis and several sea atlases and pilot guides.

After the death of Joannes Janssonius, the shop and publishing firm were continued by the heirs under the direction of Johannes van Waesbergen (c. 1616-1681), son-in-law of Joannes Janssonius. Van Waesbergen added Janssonius's name to his own.

In 1676, Joannes Janssonius’s heirs sold by auction “all the remaining Atlases in Latin, French, High and Low German, as well as the Stedeboecken in Latin, in 8 volumes, bound and unbound, maps, plates belonging to the Atlas and Stedeboecken.” The copperplates from Janssonius’s atlases were afterwards sold to Schenk and Valck.

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Haemisphaerii Borealis Coeli et Terrae Sphaeri Casceno Graphi. [In set with:] Haemisphaerium Scenographicum Australe Coeli Stellati et Terrae.

€12800  ($13568 / £10880)
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Item Number:  30336 Authenticity Guarantee

Category:  Antique maps > Celestial Maps

Celestial charts - Northern and Southern Sky by Andreas Cellarius, published by Johannes Janssonius. Matching set. Two maps.

Title: Haemisphaerii Borealis Coeli et Terrae Sphaeri Casceno Graphi. [In set with:] Haemisphaerium Scenographicum Australe Coeli Stellati et Terrae.

The constellations of the Northern Hemisphere are superimposed over Asia and the Indian and Pacific  Oceans. The Southern Hemisphere constellations are superimposed over the Southern Polar Hemisphere.

Date of the first edition: 1660.
Date of this map: 1660.

Copper engravings, printed on paper.
Image size each: 430 x 505mm (16.93 x 19.88 inches).
Sheet size each: 495 x 590mm (19.49 x 23.23 inches).
Verso: Blank.
Condition: Original coloured, heightened with gold.
Condition Rating: A+.

From: A Cellarius, Harmonia Macrocosmica sea Atlas Coelestis. J. Janssonius, 1660. (Van der Krogt 1, 801A)

Andreas Cellarius (Heidelberg, c. 1596 - Hoorn, 1665)

Andreas Cellarius enrolled at Heidelberg University in 1613. Then, after several years as a schoolmaster in The Hague, he became the rector of the Latin School at Hoorn around 1637.

His connection with the Janssonius publishing firm dates from around 1645. This year, Jodocus Janssonius, Johannes's son, published Cellarius's Architectura Militaris, work on fortifications. In 1652 the Amsterdam publisher Gillis Jansz. Valckenier published Cellarius's Regni Poloniae … with 21 maps.

In 1660, Joannes Janssonius added a celestial atlas to his Atlas Major, the beautiful Harmonia Macrocosmica by Andreas Cellarius. In 1661 the atlas was republished as a separate publication. The plates of the Harmonia Macrocosmica were reprinted (without the Latin commentary) in 1708 by the Amsterdam publishers Valk and Schenk.

The Harmonia Macrocosmica is the most beautiful celestial atlas ever published and is one of the notable masterworks from the Golden Age of Dutch cartography. The first part of the atlas contains engravings depicting the world systems of Claudius Ptolemy, Nicolaus Copernicus, and Tycho Brahe. At the end are star maps of the classical and further constellations.


The Janssonius Family

Joannes Janssonius (Arnhem, 1588-1664), son of the Arnhem publisher Jan Janssen, married Elisabeth Hondius, daughter of Jodocus Hondius, in Amsterdam in 1612. After his marriage, he settled down in this town as a bookseller and publisher of cartographic material. In 1618, he established himself in Amsterdam next door to Blaeu’s bookshop. He entered into serious competition with Willem Jansz. Blaeu when copying Blaeu’s Licht der Zeevaert after the expiration of the privilege in 1620. His activities concerned the publication of atlases, books, single maps, and an extensive book trade with branches in Frankfurt, Danzig, Stockholm, Copenhagen, Berlin, Koningsbergen, Geneva, and Lyon. In 1631, he began publishing atlases together with Henricus Hondius.

In the early 1640s, Henricus Hondius left the atlas publishing business to Janssonius. Competition with Joan Blaeu, Willem’s son and successor, in atlas production, prompted Janssonius to enlarge his Atlas Novus finally into a work of six volumes, into which a sea atlas and an atlas of the Old World were inserted. Other atlases published by Janssonius are Mercator’s Atlas Minor, Hornius’s historical atlas (1652), the townbooks in eight volumes (1657), Cellarius’s Atlas Coelestis and several sea atlases and pilot guides.

After the death of Joannes Janssonius, the shop and publishing firm were continued by the heirs under the direction of Johannes van Waesbergen (c. 1616-1681), son-in-law of Joannes Janssonius. Van Waesbergen added Janssonius's name to his own.

In 1676, Joannes Janssonius’s heirs sold by auction “all the remaining Atlases in Latin, French, High and Low German, as well as the Stedeboecken in Latin, in 8 volumes, bound and unbound, maps, plates belonging to the Atlas and Stedeboecken.” The copperplates from Janssonius’s atlases were afterwards sold to Schenk and Valck.

References: Van der Krogt 1 - p. 723-724, HM25:1 & HM28:1