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Tienen, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: Tienen, Brabantine town on the Geta, from whence comes much cheese, which is named after it. There is also a church of St Germain and a college of canons here.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "That Tienen was once a large and important trade town is not only related in all the chronicles but is evident, too, from the buildings that can still be viewed today: the city was namely enlarged and encircled with new walls four times. Before its decline, as a result of which 's-Hertogenbosch experienced an economic upswing, it was the fourth-largest city in Brabant, but in the course of fierce wars between the Brabantines, the French and the Eburones it was captured and destroyed more than once, so that some parts of the town are uninhabited."

The plan view from the southwest shows the formerly more populous Belgian town lying within extensive walls that also encompass farmlands and fields. On open ground on the old cattle market, at the very centre of the town, rises the large church of Sint-Germanus. Behind it to the left is the Grote Markt, part of which lies on drained marshland, whence the name of the Gothic church on the east side of the square: Onze-Lieve-Vrouw-ten-Poel. Tienen was probably founded around AD 800 by the Holstein branch of the Thienen-Adlerflycht dynasty, on a site already inhabited in Celtic times. In the late Middle Ages the town lived from cloth weaving; caught up in wars in the 16th century, however, it rapidly declined and in 1635 was almost completely destroyed. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver on numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Tienen - Tiena, Brabantiae Opp: ad amnem Geta, ... - Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg, 1581-88.

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Item Number:  22196
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Belgium - Cities

Old map - bird's-eye view plan of Tienen by Braun and Hogenberg.

Cartographer: Jacob van Deventer

Copper engraving
Size: 34 x 42cm (13.3 x 16.4 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Uncoloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krogt 4, 4320 State 1; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p. 226.

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum. . Liber tertius. Köln, G. Kempen, 1581-88. (Koeman, B&H3)

TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: Tienen, Brabantine town on the Geta, from whence comes much cheese, which is named after it. There is also a church of St Germain and a college of canons here.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "That Tienen was once a large and important trade town is not only related in all the chronicles but is evident, too, from the buildings that can still be viewed today: the city was namely enlarged and encircled with new walls four times. Before its decline, as a result of which 's-Hertogenbosch experienced an economic upswing, it was the fourth-largest city in Brabant, but in the course of fierce wars between the Brabantines, the French and the Eburones it was captured and destroyed more than once, so that some parts of the town are uninhabited."

The plan view from the southwest shows the formerly more populous Belgian town lying within extensive walls that also encompass farmlands and fields. On open ground on the old cattle market, at the very centre of the town, rises the large church of Sint-Germanus. Behind it to the left is the Grote Markt, part of which lies on drained marshland, whence the name of the Gothic church on the east side of the square: Onze-Lieve-Vrouw-ten-Poel. Tienen was probably founded around AD 800 by the Holstein branch of the Thienen-Adlerflycht dynasty, on a site already inhabited in Celtic times. In the late Middle Ages the town lived from cloth weaving; caught up in wars in the 16th century, however, it rapidly declined and in 1635 was almost completely destroyed. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver on numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.