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Drégelypalank (Hungary), by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. c. 1625

CAPTION:  Drégelypalánk, a town in Upper Hungary.

CARTOUCHE:  Procured by Georg Hoefnagel, who received it from another. In the year 1617.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN:  "It seems that the name of this fortress comes from the fact that it has no special fortification other than a wooden palisade or fence, called planks, by the Hungarians and the Germans. [...] The fortress has been occupied at times by the Turks and at other times by the Christians. The Turks had their robbers' den here up to the year 1593. When the Christians conquered Fil'akovo, the Turks became afraid and abandoned Palanka and Dregel, Modrý Kamen, Zetschin and other small castles. [...] Not far from Palanka are two strong castles, which can also be seen in the plate below, namely Dregel and Novigrad."

The elevated view from the northeast over the River Ipoly shows the fortified village of Drégelypalánk with the 13th-century castle of Drégely. The town grew up under its protection and passed into the possession of the archbishop of Esztergom in 1438, together with the castle. After the occupation of Hungary by the Turks in 1526, the castle was one of the centres of the Hungarian opposition and was besieged in 1552. Around 150 Hungarians under the command of György Szondi defended the castle against 10,000 Turks. After four days, the castle fell, and all the defenders died. The castle was destroyed and was not rebuilt, which means that the plate printed by Braun must have been drawn before 1552. György Szondi is a Hungarian national hero, celebrated in many folk ballads, tales and legends. (Taschen)

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, also known as the 'Braun & Hogenberg', is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun, a skilled writer, wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572 and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg, a talented engraver, created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau, who provided valuable geographical information. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used as references. Translations appeared in German and French, making the atlas accessible to a wider audience.

Since its original publication of volume 1 in 1572, the Civitates Orbis Terrarum has left an indelible mark on the history of cartography. The first volume was followed by seven more editions in 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599, and 1612. Vol.2, initially released in 1575, saw subsequent editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes, each a treasure trove of historical insights, graced the world in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599, and 1606. The German translation of the first volume, a testament to its widespread appeal, debuted in 1574, followed by the French edition in 1575.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz, and Peter von Brachel, all of whom worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun, the author of the text accompanying the plans and views in the Civitates Orbis Terrarum, was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice, indicating his commitment to learning and intellectual pursuits. In 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree; in 1562, he received his Magister Artium, further demonstrating his academic achievements. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he continued his studies in theology, gaining a licentiate in theology. His theological background likely influenced the content and tone of the text in the Civitates Orbis Terrarum, adding a unique perspective to the work.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Palanka Superioris Hungariae civitas.

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Item Number:  16456 Authenticity Guarantee

Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Central Europe

Old, antique bird’s-eye view plan of Drégelypalank (Hungary), by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg, after G. Hoefnagel. 1617.

Title: Palanka Superioris Hungariae civitas.
Communicavit Georgius Houfnaglius acceptumaliunde A° 1617.

Date of the first edition: 1617.
Date of this map: c. 1625.
Date on map: 1617.

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Image size: 330 x 445mm (12.99 x 17.52 inches).
Sheet size: 410 x 545mm (16.14 x 21.46 inches).
Verso: French text.
Condition: Original coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+.

From: Théatre des Principales Villes de tout l'Univers Vol. VI. c. 1625. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:3.6)

CAPTION:  Drégelypalánk, a town in Upper Hungary.

CARTOUCHE:  Procured by Georg Hoefnagel, who received it from another. In the year 1617.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN:  "It seems that the name of this fortress comes from the fact that it has no special fortification other than a wooden palisade or fence, called planks, by the Hungarians and the Germans. [...] The fortress has been occupied at times by the Turks and at other times by the Christians. The Turks had their robbers' den here up to the year 1593. When the Christians conquered Fil'akovo, the Turks became afraid and abandoned Palanka and Dregel, Modrý Kamen, Zetschin and other small castles. [...] Not far from Palanka are two strong castles, which can also be seen in the plate below, namely Dregel and Novigrad."

The elevated view from the northeast over the River Ipoly shows the fortified village of Drégelypalánk with the 13th-century castle of Drégely. The town grew up under its protection and passed into the possession of the archbishop of Esztergom in 1438, together with the castle. After the occupation of Hungary by the Turks in 1526, the castle was one of the centres of the Hungarian opposition and was besieged in 1552. Around 150 Hungarians under the command of György Szondi defended the castle against 10,000 Turks. After four days, the castle fell, and all the defenders died. The castle was destroyed and was not rebuilt, which means that the plate printed by Braun must have been drawn before 1552. György Szondi is a Hungarian national hero, celebrated in many folk ballads, tales and legends. (Taschen)

Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, also known as the 'Braun & Hogenberg', is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun, a skilled writer, wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572 and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg, a talented engraver, created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau, who provided valuable geographical information. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used as references. Translations appeared in German and French, making the atlas accessible to a wider audience.

Since its original publication of volume 1 in 1572, the Civitates Orbis Terrarum has left an indelible mark on the history of cartography. The first volume was followed by seven more editions in 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599, and 1612. Vol.2, initially released in 1575, saw subsequent editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes, each a treasure trove of historical insights, graced the world in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599, and 1606. The German translation of the first volume, a testament to its widespread appeal, debuted in 1574, followed by the French edition in 1575.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz, and Peter von Brachel, all of whom worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun, the author of the text accompanying the plans and views in the Civitates Orbis Terrarum, was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice, indicating his commitment to learning and intellectual pursuits. In 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree; in 1562, he received his Magister Artium, further demonstrating his academic achievements. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he continued his studies in theology, gaining a licentiate in theology. His theological background likely influenced the content and tone of the text in the Civitates Orbis Terrarum, adding a unique perspective to the work.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

References: Van der Krogt 4 - #3268; Taschen (Br. Hog.) - p.480; Fauser - #3234