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Krakow, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. after G. Hoefnagel and E. vander Rye. 1617-18

CARTOUCHE TOP: Cracow, capital of Lesser Poland.

CARTOUCHE BOTTOM: Painted by Egidius van der Rye, procured by Georg Hoefnagel.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "Cracow has a very big marketplace on which stands a splendid town hall. Here justice is administered and important official acts are performed. \[...\] But the castle is so big that it can be considered a town in its own right. It is surrounded by such splendid buildings and palaces that even the finest castles and houses in Italy could be more beautiful or more magnificent. \[...\] But because the dukes and kings understood that to preserve the Christian religion it is also necessary to cultivate equally the good liberal arts and sciences and to promote diligence to the greatest possible extent, Casimir III set up a university in his city of Cracow, which was named after him in 1361, with the approval of Pope Urban V, and appointed scholars from Paris and Prague."

This is a view of the city from the south over the River Vistula. On Wawel hill lies the royal castle (A) with the cathedral dedicated to SS Wenceslas and Stanislas (B). In the middle rises the church of Corpus Christi (D); to the right of this are the town hall (F), the church of the Holy Trinity (G) and the church of St Mary (H). First mentioned in 965, the town became part of the Piast state unde Mieszko I. In 1038 Duke Casimir I, the Restorer, made Cracow the capital of Poland, and the first university in the country was founded here in 1364 by King Casimir III of Poland, called the Great. The city's Golden Age was during the reign of the Jagiellon kings from 1506 to 1572, when many Renaissance buildings were erected, which still adorn the city. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Cracovia Minoris Poloniae Metropolis.

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Item Number:  25150
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Eastern Europe
References: Van der Krogt 4 - 2152; Fauser - #6965; Taschen (Br. Hog.) - p.479; Niewodniczanski - K103/1

Old map - bird's-eye view of Krakow by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg after Joris Hoefnagel and Egidius vander Rye.

Date of the first edition: 1617
Date of this map: 1617

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 30.5 x 53cm (11.9 x 20.7 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Original coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krogt 4, 2152; Fauser, #6965; Taschen, Br. Hog.,, p.479; Niewodniczanski, K103/1.

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum. - Theatri praecipuarum Totius Mundi Urbium Liber Sextus Anno MDCXVII. Cologne, Anton Hierat, 1617-18. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.6)

CARTOUCHE TOP: Cracow, capital of Lesser Poland.

CARTOUCHE BOTTOM: Painted by Egidius van der Rye, procured by Georg Hoefnagel.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN (on verso): "Cracow has a very big marketplace on which stands a splendid town hall. Here justice is administered and important official acts are performed. \[...\] But the castle is so big that it can be considered a town in its own right. It is surrounded by such splendid buildings and palaces that even the finest castles and houses in Italy could be more beautiful or more magnificent. \[...\] But because the dukes and kings understood that to preserve the Christian religion it is also necessary to cultivate equally the good liberal arts and sciences and to promote diligence to the greatest possible extent, Casimir III set up a university in his city of Cracow, which was named after him in 1361, with the approval of Pope Urban V, and appointed scholars from Paris and Prague."

This is a view of the city from the south over the River Vistula. On Wawel hill lies the royal castle (A) with the cathedral dedicated to SS Wenceslas and Stanislas (B). In the middle rises the church of Corpus Christi (D); to the right of this are the town hall (F), the church of the Holy Trinity (G) and the church of St Mary (H). First mentioned in 965, the town became part of the Piast state unde Mieszko I. In 1038 Duke Casimir I, the Restorer, made Cracow the capital of Poland, and the first university in the country was founded here in 1364 by King Casimir III of Poland, called the Great. The city's Golden Age was during the reign of the Jagiellon kings from 1506 to 1572, when many Renaissance buildings were erected, which still adorn the city. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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