This product is successfully added to your cart
Questions about this product? (#24924)

Lombardy (Southwest), by Gerard Mercator. 1623

Gerard Mercator (1512 – 1594)

Gerard Mercator was born as Gerard de Cremere in Rupelmonde (near Antwerp) on 5 March 1512.

Young Gerard learned what Latin he could in Rupelmonde, and when he was about fifteen, his uncle sent him to ’s Hertogenbosch to study at a school run by the Brothers of the Common Life. One of Mercator’s teachers was the celebrated humanist Macropedius. After three and a half years with the brothers, Gerard went to Louvain, where he enrolled in the university in 1530 as one of the poor students at Castle College.

By this time, he had Latinized his name to Mercator. He studied philosophy and took his master’s degree in 1532. The problems of the creation of the Universe and the Earth interested him in particular; this is reflected by his works written in later years.

After spending a few years in Antwerp, he returned to Louvain in c. 1535, where he took courses in mathematics under Gemma Frisius. Soon he was recognised as an expert on the construction of mathematical instruments, as a land surveyor and, after 1537, as a cartographer. He drew his income from these activities after his marriage on 3 August 1536. He also qualified himself as a copper-engraver; he was the first in history to introduce italic handwriting to this trade. The first maps, drawn and engraved by Gerard Mercator, are Palestine, 1537; the world in double heart-shaped projection, 1538; and Flanders, 1540.

In 1544, Mercator came into great danger: he was arrested on the accusation of heresy and put into jail. Thanks to the intervention of the University of Louvain, he was released after four months. In 1552, he moved with his family into the city of Duisburg (Germany). In 1560, Mercator became a cosmographer in service of the Duke of Jülich-Cleve-Berge and in 1563, he became a lecturer at the Grammar School of the new University in Duisburg. During this period, he made wall maps of Europe, 1554; of Loraine, 1564; the British Isles, 1564; and the famous map of the world with increasing latitudes, 1569. About this time, Mercator was also working on the project for a complete description of the creation, the Heavens, Earth, Sea and world history. This resulted in his Atlas, sive cosmographicae meditationes de fabrica mundi et fabricati figura. He also worked on an edition of Ptolemy’s Geographia, which appeared in 1578. The first part of his book with modern maps (France, Germany and the Netherlands) appeared in 1585.

Shortly after the publication of the second part of his map book (not yet called Atlas) with the maps of Italy (1589), he had a stroke that brought an end to his highly great productivity. The great man passed away on 2 December 1594, leaving the responsibility of finishing the map book to his son Rumold. The final part of it appeared in 1595. Its title is Pars Altera, and it constitutes an essential part of what was then called Mercator’s Atlas.

The map of Europe and the world map in the Atlas are by Rumold Mercator. After Rumold died in 1599, the Atlas was reissued in 1602.

The plates of the maps, both of the Ptolemy edition and the Atlas, were sold in 1604 to Jodocus Hondius of Amsterdam. The following year Hondius managed to bring out Ptolemy’s Geographia. In 1606, the first Amsterdam edition of the Mercator Atlas appeared in the next year. From then to 1638, the Atlas saw many enlarged editions in various languages.

back

Pedemontana Regio Cum Genuensium Territorio & Montisferrati Marchionatu.

€390  ($405.6 / £339.3)
add to cart
questions?
PRINT

Item Number:  24924
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Italy
References: Van der Krogt 1 - 7013:1.1; Aliprandi - p.136 #66; Karrow - 56/122

Old, antique map of Southwest Lombardy including Piemonte, Monferrato and Liguria, by G. Mercator.

Date of the first edition: 1589
Date of this map: 1623

Copper engraving
Size: 36 x 45.5cm (14 x 17.7 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Contemporary old coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt 1, 7013:1.1; Aliprandi (Le Grandi Alpi), p.136 #66

From: Gerardi Mercatoris - Atlas sive Cosmographicae Meditationes de Fabrica Mundi et Fabricati Figura. Denuo auctus Editio Quinta. H. Hondius. 1623. (Van der Krogt 1, 105)

Gerard Mercator (1512 – 1594)

Gerard Mercator was born as Gerard de Cremere in Rupelmonde (near Antwerp) on 5 March 1512.

Young Gerard learned what Latin he could in Rupelmonde, and when he was about fifteen, his uncle sent him to ’s Hertogenbosch to study at a school run by the Brothers of the Common Life. One of Mercator’s teachers was the celebrated humanist Macropedius. After three and a half years with the brothers, Gerard went to Louvain, where he enrolled in the university in 1530 as one of the poor students at Castle College.

By this time, he had Latinized his name to Mercator. He studied philosophy and took his master’s degree in 1532. The problems of the creation of the Universe and the Earth interested him in particular; this is reflected by his works written in later years.

After spending a few years in Antwerp, he returned to Louvain in c. 1535, where he took courses in mathematics under Gemma Frisius. Soon he was recognised as an expert on the construction of mathematical instruments, as a land surveyor and, after 1537, as a cartographer. He drew his income from these activities after his marriage on 3 August 1536. He also qualified himself as a copper-engraver; he was the first in history to introduce italic handwriting to this trade. The first maps, drawn and engraved by Gerard Mercator, are Palestine, 1537; the world in double heart-shaped projection, 1538; and Flanders, 1540.

In 1544, Mercator came into great danger: he was arrested on the accusation of heresy and put into jail. Thanks to the intervention of the University of Louvain, he was released after four months. In 1552, he moved with his family into the city of Duisburg (Germany). In 1560, Mercator became a cosmographer in service of the Duke of Jülich-Cleve-Berge and in 1563, he became a lecturer at the Grammar School of the new University in Duisburg. During this period, he made wall maps of Europe, 1554; of Loraine, 1564; the British Isles, 1564; and the famous map of the world with increasing latitudes, 1569. About this time, Mercator was also working on the project for a complete description of the creation, the Heavens, Earth, Sea and world history. This resulted in his Atlas, sive cosmographicae meditationes de fabrica mundi et fabricati figura. He also worked on an edition of Ptolemy’s Geographia, which appeared in 1578. The first part of his book with modern maps (France, Germany and the Netherlands) appeared in 1585.

Shortly after the publication of the second part of his map book (not yet called Atlas) with the maps of Italy (1589), he had a stroke that brought an end to his highly great productivity. The great man passed away on 2 December 1594, leaving the responsibility of finishing the map book to his son Rumold. The final part of it appeared in 1595. Its title is Pars Altera, and it constitutes an essential part of what was then called Mercator’s Atlas.

The map of Europe and the world map in the Atlas are by Rumold Mercator. After Rumold died in 1599, the Atlas was reissued in 1602.

The plates of the maps, both of the Ptolemy edition and the Atlas, were sold in 1604 to Jodocus Hondius of Amsterdam. The following year Hondius managed to bring out Ptolemy’s Geographia. In 1606, the first Amsterdam edition of the Mercator Atlas appeared in the next year. From then to 1638, the Atlas saw many enlarged editions in various languages.

Related items

Old, antique map of Piemonte by W. Blaeu

Pedemontana Regio cum Genvensium territorio et Montisferrati Marchionatu. 1635
Old, antique map of Piemonte by W. Blaeu
[Item number: 20371]

€400  ($416 / £348)
Old, antique map of Piemonte by Abraham Ortelius.

Pedemontanae Vicinorumquae Regionum 1601
Old, antique map of Piemonte by Abraham Ortelius.
[Item number: 21259]

€550  ($572 / £478.5)
Old, antique map of Monferrato by Janssonius J.

Montisferrati Ducatus 1630
Old, antique map of Monferrato by Janssonius J.
[Item number: 21522]

€360  ($374.4 / £313.2)
Old, antique map of Piemonte - Monferrato by Janssonius J. - Hondius H

Piemonte et Monferrato 1644-58
Old, antique map of Piemonte - Monferrato by Janssonius J. - Hondius H
[Item number: 22847]

€390  ($405.6 / £339.3)
Piedmont (Piemonte) and Savoy, by Covens & Mortier.

Theatre de la Guerre en Savoie et en Piémont - Le Dauphiné, La Bresse - Partie du Lionnois et de la Provence. 1721-41
Piedmont (Piemonte) and Savoy, by Covens & Mortier.
[Item number: 23544]

€1200  ($1248 / £1044)
Piedmonte & Montferrato by Guillaume Delisle, published by Covens & Mortier.

Carte du Piemont et du Monferrat. 1721-41
Piedmonte & Montferrato by Guillaume Delisle, published by Covens & Mortier.
[Item number: 23546]

€500  ($520 / £435)
Lombardy (Northwest) and Valais, by Gerard Mercator.

Lombardiae Alpetris Pars Occidentalis cum Valesia. 1613
Lombardy (Northwest) and Valais, by Gerard Mercator.
[Item number: 13758]

€330  ($343.2 / £287.1)
Southeastern Lombardy (Lombardia), by Gerard Mercator.

Romandiola Cum Parmensi Ducatu. 1613
Southeastern Lombardy (Lombardia), by Gerard Mercator.
[Item number: 14620]

€380  ($395.2 / £330.6)
Novara by Braun and Hogenberg.

Novara Mediolanensis Ducatus Civitas c. 1625
Novara by Braun and Hogenberg.
[Item number: 24530]

€950  ($988 / £826.5)
Piemonte, by Abraham Ortelius.

Pedemontanae Vicinorumquae Regionum 1612
Piemonte, by Abraham Ortelius.
[Item number: 23019]

€380  ($395.2 / £330.6)
Pavia, Lodi and Piacenza, by Pieter Van der Aa.

Carte Exacte du Pavesan, Lodesan, Plaisantin Et des Pays circonvoisins. 1713
Pavia, Lodi and Piacenza, by Pieter Van der Aa.
[Item number: 26085]

€500  ($520 / £435)
Northern Italy, by Pieter Van der Aa.

Carte Nouvelle et exacte de la Gaule Cisalpine et sur tout de la Ligurie, de l'Insubrie et des Pays voisins, suivant l'Ancienne Geographie. 1713
Northern Italy, by Pieter Van der Aa.
[Item number: 26089]

€300  ($312 / £261)
Lombardy (Northeast) - Tyrol, by Gerard Mercator.

Tarvisina Marchia Et Tirolis Comitatus. 1623
Lombardy (Northeast) - Tyrol, by Gerard Mercator.
[Item number: 27878]

€470  ($488.8 / £408.9)