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French Flanders (Frans Vlaanderen) by Henricus Hondius. 1633 (or earlier)

This map served as part of a wall map of Flanders. (No known copy of this wall map).
Hondius made convenient use of copper plates which had also been used for the atlas edition. He took an efficient and cost-conscious approach to publishing his wall map. A closer study shows that the core area of the wall map of Flanders use was made of copper plates that had also been used for four sheets in Henricus Hondius's French-language atlas of 1633. Fine hairlines were drawn on the atlas sheets to indicate where the maps were to be cut off or overlapped for the wall map. The unequally sized core sheets had to be filled out with freshly engraved sections to obtain a rectangular format for the wall maps. The following atlas sheets were used:

- Flandriae Par Occidentalis
- Pars Flandriae Orientalis
- Flandria Gallica
- Untitled; area bounded by Gent, Antwerp, Leuven and Oudenaarde.

These four map sheets were assembled to produce a map covering the core area of the county of Flanders.

This map is the second state of this copperplate with an empty cartouche.


The Hondius Family

Jodocus Hondius the Elder (1563-1612)

Joost d’Hondt was born at Wakken (Flanders) in 1563. Two years later, his family settled in Ghent, where young Joost displayed an excellent gift for drawing and calligraphy. Through study and lessons, he developed his talents and became an engraver with a good reputation.

Due to the circumstances of the war, he moved to London in 1584, where he settled down as an engraver, instrument-maker, and map-maker. In 1587, he married Coletta van den Keere, sister of the well-known engraver Pieter van den Keere (Petrus Kaerius); some years earlier, his sister, Jacomina, had married Pieter van den Berghe (Petrus Montanus). Joost, who had Latinized his name to Jodocus Hondius, closely co-operated with his two brothers-in-law.

The political situation in the Northern Netherlands in 1593 was such that Jodocus seemed justified in establishing himself in Amsterdam, where many Antwerp printers, publishers, and engravers had gone. In this new centre of cartography, Jodocus Hondius set up his business “In de Wackere Hondt” (in the vigilant dog), this name being an allusion to his birthplace and name. He engraved many maps and published atlases and many other works, such as his continuation of Gerard Mercator’s Atlas.

He suddenly passed away in February 1612. The publishing firm of Jodocus Hondius was continued by his widow, later on, by his two sons, Jodocus Jr. and Henricus, and by his son-in-law, J. Janssonius.

Jodocus Hondius II (1594-1629) & Henricus Hondius (1597-1651)

After the father’s death, the widow and her seven children continued publishing the atlases under the name of Jodocus Hondius till 1620. The firm was reinforced by the very welcome help of Joannes Janssonius (1588-1664), who married 24-year-old Elisabeth Hondius in 1612. After 1619, Mercator’s Atlas was published under the name of Henricus Hondius.

One of the most dramatic events in the early history of commercial cartography in Amsterdam was the sale of Jodocus Hondius Jr.’s copper plates to Willem Jansz. Blaeu in 1629, the year of his death. At least 34 plates, from which Jodocus II had printed single-sheet maps for his benefit, passed into the hands of his great competitor. Immediately after that, his brother, Henricus, and Joannes Janssonius ordered the engraving of identical plates.

Henricus devoted all his energy to publishing the Atlas for an extended period. He saw its growth up to and including the fourth part in 1646; after that, his name no longer figures on the title pages. After 1638, the title of the Atlas was changed to Atlas Novus; Joannes Janssonius mainly carried it on.

The competition with the Blaeu's dates from 1630. In 1630, Willem Janszoon (=Blaeu) first attacked with his Atlantis Appendix. In 1635, Blaeu completed his Theatrum Orbis Terrarum in two volumes with French, Latin, Dutch, and German texts, prompting Henricus Hondius to speed up the enlargement of his Atlas.

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Item Number:  22635 Authenticity Guarantee

Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Belgium

A scarce state of a Hondius map of French Flanders (Frans Vlaanderen) without an empty cartouche - only three copies in two different states recorded.

Title: [No title]

Oriented to the northwest.

Date of the first edition: 1633.
Date of this map: 1633 (or earlier).

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Map size: 400 x 505mm (15.75 x 19.88 inches).
Sheet size: 415 x 535mm (16.34 x 21.06 inches).
Verso: Blank.
Condition: Excellent.
Condition Rating: A+.
References: Schilder 5 - p. 357-358 Note 14.2

Separate publication.

This map comes from a composite atlas with Bertius - Tavernier maps.

This map served as part of a wall map of Flanders. (No known copy of this wall map).
Hondius made convenient use of copper plates which had also been used for the atlas edition. He took an efficient and cost-conscious approach to publishing his wall map. A closer study shows that the core area of the wall map of Flanders use was made of copper plates that had also been used for four sheets in Henricus Hondius's French-language atlas of 1633. Fine hairlines were drawn on the atlas sheets to indicate where the maps were to be cut off or overlapped for the wall map. The unequally sized core sheets had to be filled out with freshly engraved sections to obtain a rectangular format for the wall maps. The following atlas sheets were used:

- Flandriae Par Occidentalis
- Pars Flandriae Orientalis
- Flandria Gallica
- Untitled; area bounded by Gent, Antwerp, Leuven and Oudenaarde.

These four map sheets were assembled to produce a map covering the core area of the county of Flanders.

This map is the second state of this copperplate with an empty cartouche.


The Hondius Family

Jodocus Hondius the Elder (1563-1612)

Joost d’Hondt was born at Wakken (Flanders) in 1563. Two years later, his family settled in Ghent, where young Joost displayed an excellent gift for drawing and calligraphy. Through study and lessons, he developed his talents and became an engraver with a good reputation.

Due to the circumstances of the war, he moved to London in 1584, where he settled down as an engraver, instrument-maker, and map-maker. In 1587, he married Coletta van den Keere, sister of the well-known engraver Pieter van den Keere (Petrus Kaerius); some years earlier, his sister, Jacomina, had married Pieter van den Berghe (Petrus Montanus). Joost, who had Latinized his name to Jodocus Hondius, closely co-operated with his two brothers-in-law.

The political situation in the Northern Netherlands in 1593 was such that Jodocus seemed justified in establishing himself in Amsterdam, where many Antwerp printers, publishers, and engravers had gone. In this new centre of cartography, Jodocus Hondius set up his business “In de Wackere Hondt” (in the vigilant dog), this name being an allusion to his birthplace and name. He engraved many maps and published atlases and many other works, such as his continuation of Gerard Mercator’s Atlas.

He suddenly passed away in February 1612. The publishing firm of Jodocus Hondius was continued by his widow, later on, by his two sons, Jodocus Jr. and Henricus, and by his son-in-law, J. Janssonius.

Jodocus Hondius II (1594-1629) & Henricus Hondius (1597-1651)

After the father’s death, the widow and her seven children continued publishing the atlases under the name of Jodocus Hondius till 1620. The firm was reinforced by the very welcome help of Joannes Janssonius (1588-1664), who married 24-year-old Elisabeth Hondius in 1612. After 1619, Mercator’s Atlas was published under the name of Henricus Hondius.

One of the most dramatic events in the early history of commercial cartography in Amsterdam was the sale of Jodocus Hondius Jr.’s copper plates to Willem Jansz. Blaeu in 1629, the year of his death. At least 34 plates, from which Jodocus II had printed single-sheet maps for his benefit, passed into the hands of his great competitor. Immediately after that, his brother, Henricus, and Joannes Janssonius ordered the engraving of identical plates.

Henricus devoted all his energy to publishing the Atlas for an extended period. He saw its growth up to and including the fourth part in 1646; after that, his name no longer figures on the title pages. After 1638, the title of the Atlas was changed to Atlas Novus; Joannes Janssonius mainly carried it on.

The competition with the Blaeu's dates from 1630. In 1630, Willem Janszoon (=Blaeu) first attacked with his Atlantis Appendix. In 1635, Blaeu completed his Theatrum Orbis Terrarum in two volumes with French, Latin, Dutch, and German texts, prompting Henricus Hondius to speed up the enlargement of his Atlas.