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Zutphen by Braun & Hogenberg

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "But Zutphen derives its name from the marshes, which are called Vennen by the Low Germans, so that it seems the name means southern Venn. It is one of the most elegant towns in the Duchy of Guelders. The latter contains around 22 cities surrounded by walls, of which four are the most elegant, namely Nijmegen, Roermond, Arnhem or, according to Tacitus, Aquilea, Zutphen. If any town in this region is rich in population and commodities, it is doubtless this one, which is well protected by its natural position and its fortifications."

This is a bird's-eye view of the town from the south. The moats are fed from the Berken, which flows into the IJssel here. Beside the IJssel are the Old Town and the New Town, surrounded by a medieval city wall, and there is a Renaissance-style defence system with bastions on the eastern side. The town was granted a municipal charter in 1190 and joined the Hanseatic League at the end of the 14th century. It was the capital of the county of the same name, which belonged to the County, later Duchy, of Guelders from the 12th century onwards. The Gothic Sint-Walburgskerk on the 's-Gravenhof stands out clearly among the other buildings. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver on numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Zutphen - Georg Braun & Frans Hogenberg.

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Item Number:  22260
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Netherlands - Cities

Bird's-eye view plan of Zutphen after Jacob van Deventer.

Key to locations.

Date of the first edition: 1588
Date of this map: 1599

Copper engraving
Size: 31.5 x 42.5cm (12.3 x 16.5 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Old coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A
References: Van der Krogt , 4964; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.291.

From: Liber quartus Urbium Praecipuarum totius Mundi. Cologne, Bertram Buchholtz, 1599. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.4(1599))

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "But Zutphen derives its name from the marshes, which are called Vennen by the Low Germans, so that it seems the name means southern Venn. It is one of the most elegant towns in the Duchy of Guelders. The latter contains around 22 cities surrounded by walls, of which four are the most elegant, namely Nijmegen, Roermond, Arnhem or, according to Tacitus, Aquilea, Zutphen. If any town in this region is rich in population and commodities, it is doubtless this one, which is well protected by its natural position and its fortifications."

This is a bird's-eye view of the town from the south. The moats are fed from the Berken, which flows into the IJssel here. Beside the IJssel are the Old Town and the New Town, surrounded by a medieval city wall, and there is a Renaissance-style defence system with bastions on the eastern side. The town was granted a municipal charter in 1190 and joined the Hanseatic League at the end of the 14th century. It was the capital of the county of the same name, which belonged to the County, later Duchy, of Guelders from the 12th century onwards. The Gothic Sint-Walburgskerk on the 's-Gravenhof stands out clearly among the other buildings. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver on numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.