This product is successfully added to your cart
Questions about this product?

Utrecht, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: Utrecht is also an important bishopric, whose bishop is of considerable influence in church affairs. Utrecht was [...] called Traiectum in Latin, since there was a possibility of crossing the old Rhine here. [...] The city is generously equipped with moats, bulwarks and blockhouses and a castle, and has many magnificent churches and colleges of canons, of which the noblest is Sint-Maartens. Hadrianus Barlandus writes that the bishop of the college of Utrecht is so rich and powerful that if necessary he can raise 40,000 men in a short time.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN; "Some believe that Utrecht was founded by Antonio, a Roman councillor who fled from the raging tyrant Nero. Many Roman coins and other objects have been found here, from which the city can be judges to have a certain age. In Utrecht there is a royal council that hears litigious cases from the surrounding towns. A magnificent and secure castle, by the name of Vredenburg, was also built here on the orders of Emperor Charles V."

The episcopal city of Utrecht, located on the confluence of several small rivers in the middle of the Netherlands, is here presented in a bird's-eye view. Particularly striking are the virtually rectangular town plan and the large number of churches, of which the most important is the Gothic cathedral of Sint-Maarten in the city centre. Numerous Romanesque churches also survive (Sint-Pieter, Sint-Jan, Sint-Nicolaas). Utrecht is one of the oldest cities in the Netherlands and goes back to a Roman settlement that was probably called Traiectum ("river crossing"). In the 7th century Willibrord, the bishop of Frisia, began his mission here. By the 12th century the fortified town was already an important religious and economic centre. In 1559 Utrecht became the seat of an archishopric. In 1576 revolt broke out against the Spanish forces. Three years later the seven northern provinces of the Netherlands united against the Spanish in the Union of Utrecht. Lastly, the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht at the start of the 18th century brought an end to the War of the Spanish Succession. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver on numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

back

Traiectum clara et vetus est Episcopalis Civitas, ..., 1612.

€900  ($972 / £783)
add to cart
questions?

Item Number:  22317
Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Netherlands - Cities
References: Van der Krogt 4 - #4539 State 1, Fauser - #14516, Taschen, Br. Hog. - p.78, Donkersloot-de Vrij (Utrecht) - #3

Antique map - Bird's-eye view plan of Utrecht, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

Oud, antiek stadsplan in vogelperspectief van Utrecht, door Georg Braun en Frans Hogenberg.

Date of the first edition: 1575
Date of this map: 1612

Copper engraving
Size (not including margins): 48 x 33cm (18.6 x 12.9 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Old coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krogt 4, #4539 State 1; Fauser #14516; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.78.

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, Liber Primus. Cologne, Petrus von Brachel, 1612. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.1(1612))

TRANSLATION OF CARTOUCHE TEXT: Utrecht is also an important bishopric, whose bishop is of considerable influence in church affairs. Utrecht was [...] called Traiectum in Latin, since there was a possibility of crossing the old Rhine here. [...] The city is generously equipped with moats, bulwarks and blockhouses and a castle, and has many magnificent churches and colleges of canons, of which the noblest is Sint-Maartens. Hadrianus Barlandus writes that the bishop of the college of Utrecht is so rich and powerful that if necessary he can raise 40,000 men in a short time.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN; "Some believe that Utrecht was founded by Antonio, a Roman councillor who fled from the raging tyrant Nero. Many Roman coins and other objects have been found here, from which the city can be judges to have a certain age. In Utrecht there is a royal council that hears litigious cases from the surrounding towns. A magnificent and secure castle, by the name of Vredenburg, was also built here on the orders of Emperor Charles V."

The episcopal city of Utrecht, located on the confluence of several small rivers in the middle of the Netherlands, is here presented in a bird's-eye view. Particularly striking are the virtually rectangular town plan and the large number of churches, of which the most important is the Gothic cathedral of Sint-Maarten in the city centre. Numerous Romanesque churches also survive (Sint-Pieter, Sint-Jan, Sint-Nicolaas). Utrecht is one of the oldest cities in the Netherlands and goes back to a Roman settlement that was probably called Traiectum ("river crossing"). In the 7th century Willibrord, the bishop of Frisia, began his mission here. By the 12th century the fortified town was already an important religious and economic centre. In 1559 Utrecht became the seat of an archishopric. In 1576 revolt broke out against the Spanish forces. Three years later the seven northern provinces of the Netherlands united against the Spanish in the Union of Utrecht. Lastly, the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht at the start of the 18th century brought an end to the War of the Spanish Succession. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and in 1612. The next volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor's degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver on numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to such large scale projects as the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.