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Extremely rare map of Ghent and surroundings.
Ghent (Gent), by Henricus Hondius.

Van deze uiterst zeldzame kaart konden wij enkel drie exemplaren localiseren: in het Archief van Gent, de Kon. Belg. Bibl., en de Bibl. Nat. Parijs.

In het midden: een naar het westen georiënteerde kaart van Gent (waterlopen, bruggen en stadsversterkingen) en de omgeving van de stad (waterlopen, wegen, kastelen, kerken, windmolens, galgen, Rietgracht). Rondom de kaart een band met vijftien cartouches met tekeningen, twee met de wapens van Vlaanderen en Gent en de dertien andere met kastelen in de omgeving van Gent:
- het kasteel van de heer van Overwale (aan de gelijknamige straat in Gent)
- de Belvedere (het buitengoed) van bisschop Antonius Triest in Ekkergem
- het kasteel van de baron van Pamele
- het goed ter Laect, eigendom van de familie van Coorenhuuse, heren van Uplinter (Oplinter), gelegen aan de Proeftuinstraat in Gent
- het kasteel Minnaert aan de Gentbruggekouter
- het kasteel van kanunnik Michel Vilain in Gentbrugge (Braemkasteelstraat, nabij het Braemkasteel, nu foutief Rattendalepark genoemd)
- het kasteel van Lodewijk de Blasere, heer van Idewalle, aan de Leie in Afsnee (Goedingenstraat)
- het kasteel van de heer van Meerkerke (Mariakerke) gezegd Vaernewyck (het huidige kasteeldomein Claeys-Bouüaert in Mariakerke)
- het kasteel van de baron van Jamoigne in Gentbrugge (nu kasteeldomein Speltinckx aan de Meersemdries)
- het Braemkasteel, dan bewoond door kanunnik Triest, heer van Rattendale (nu Braemkasteelstraat)
- het hof van Raveschoot in de Muinkmeersen in Gent (nu Raveschootstraat, Gent)
- het goed Foreeste, eigendom van de familie van der Cameren (nu Tussen Bermen, Gent)
- het kasteeltje van de heer van Novaretz aan het Strop (nu domein Broeders van Liefde, Stropstraat, Gent).

De kaart werd gemaakt om te verschijnen in Sanderus' Flandria Illustrata, 1641, maar is er nooit in opgenomen geweest.

Caullet schrijft hierover: "La Carte du district de Gand gravée par Henri Hondius 1641deze kaart was eene eerste maal uitgegeven, maar zonder de afbeeldingen in omlijsting, in een cartouche van het groot plan der stad van 1641. In de omlijsting zijn afgebeeld 13 kasteelen uit den omtrek van Gent: die van de heeren van Overwale, ... De opdracht is geteekend: Henricus Hondius. Die kaart was wellicht bestemd voor de Flandria. Uit een door den heer Van der Haeghen aangehaalden brief van Hondius vernemen wij dat deze op 22 Maart 1641 de kaart van het district Gent, naar zijne aanwijzigingen gewijzigd, ontvangen had; toch is hij niet voldaan. ...".

Het exemplaar beschreven door Caullet maakte deel uit van de Collectie van Pierre-Jacques Goetghebeur (1788-1866). Na diens overlijden werd de verzameling prenten betreffende Gent door de stad Gent aangekocht. Dit is het exemplaar dat nu in het Gents stadsarchief zit.

The Hondius Family

Jodocus Hondius the Elder (1563-1612)

Joost d’Hondt was born at Wakken (Flanders) in 1563. Two years later, his family settled down in Ghent, where young Joost displayed a great gift for drawing and calligraphy. By study and lessons, he developed his talents and became an engraver with a good reputation.

Due to the circumstances of war, he moved in 1584 to London where he settled down as an engraver, instrument-maker and map-maker. In 1587, he married Coletta van den Keere, sister of the well-known engraver, Pieter van den Keere (Petrus Kaerius); some years earlier his sister, Jacomina, had married Pieter van den Berghe (Petrus Montanus). Joost, who had latinized his name to Jodocus Hondius, closely co-operated with his two brothers-in-law.

The political situation in the Northern Netherlands in 1593 was such that Jodocus seemed to be justified in establishing himself in Amsterdam, where so many Antwerp printers, publishers, and engravers had gone. In this new centre of cartography, Jodocus Hondius set up his business “In de Wackere Hondt” (in the vigilant dog), this name being an allusion to his birthplace and name. Here he engraved many maps and published atlases and many other works such as his continuation of Gerard Mercator’s Atlas.

He suddenly passed away in February 1612. The publishing firm of Jodocus Hondius was continued by his widow; later on by his two sons Jodocus Jr., and Henricus, and by his son-in-law, J. Janssonius.

 

Jodocus Hondius II (1594-1629) & Henricus Hondius (1597-1651)

After the father’s death, the widow with her seven children continued publishing the atlases under the name of Jodocus Hondius till 1620. The firm was reinforced by the very welcome help of Joannes Janssonius (1588-1664), who married 24-year-old Elisabeth Hondius in 1612. After 1619 Mercator’s Atlas was published under the name of Henricus Hondius.

One of the most dramatic events in the early history of commercial cartography in Amsterdam was the sale of Jodocus Hondius Jr.’s copper-plates to Willem Jansz. Blaeu in 1629, the year of his death. At least 34 plates, from which Jodocus II had printed single-sheet maps for his own benefit, passed into the hands of his great competitor. Immediately after that, his brother, Henricus, and Joannes Janssonius ordered the engraving of identical plates.

During a long period, Henricus devoted all his energy to the publication of the Atlas. He saw its growth up to, and including, the fourth part in 1646; after that, his name does not figure any more on the title-pages. After 1638, the title of the Atlas was changed to Atlas Novus; it was mainly carried on by Joannes Janssonius.

The competition with the Blaeus dates from 1630. In 1630, Willem Janszoon (=Blaeu) made the first attack with his Atlantis Appendix. In 1635, Blaeu completed his Theatrum orbis terrarum in two volumes with texts in French, Latin, Dutch, and German, which prompted Henricus Hondius to speed up the enlargement of his Atlas.


Antonius Sanderus (Antwerpen, 1586 – Affligem, 1664)

Antoon Sanders (in Latin Antonius Sanderus) came from a distinguished Ghent family who, temporarily fleeing from the Ghent Republic, briefly stayed in Antwerp.
He started Latin studies in the Jesuit college of Oudenaarde and completed them in Ghent. Later he studied philosophy at the Jesuit College of Douai, where he became Master Artium in 1609.
In 1611 he was ordained a priest in Ghent. In the same year, he became the pastor of a few hamlets near Eeklo. Despite the Twelve Years' Truce, the situation in the region was unsafe for him, as he had written some controversial writings against, among other things, Anabaptism in Flanders.
In 1615 he became Baccalaureus in theology at the University of Leuven, and in 1619 he returned to Douai, where he obtained a degree in theology at the University of Douai.
In 1621 he returned to Ghent, where he enjoyed the protection of Bishop Antonius Triest, who in 1623 made him chaplain and secretary to Cardinal Alfonso de la Cueva, the governor of Philip IV of Spain in the Southern Netherlands.
In 1625 he became a canon of St. Martins' Church in Ypres.

In the meantime, he did research for a prestigious history work on the county of Flanders, the Flandria Illustrata. For those searches, he visited monasteries and castles to consult the archives, something that the other canons of Ypres were not so happy with because he was too little busy with his other duties.
That is why he resigned from his religious functions in 1654 and received the post of Censor Librorum in Brussels.
In 1668 he offered his resignation as a canon of the chapter of Ypres. Then, finally, he left the city to settle in the Affligem Abbey, where he was warmly received by the abbot Benedictus van Haeften.
He died there on January 16, 1664, and was buried in the abbey church.

Antonius Sanderus published historical works from 1610, but his magnum opus is the richly illustrated Flandria Illustrata, sive Descriptio Comitatus Istius per Totum Terrarum Orbis Terrarum. The publication was begun by Henricus Hondius, who had a publication contract with Sanderus as early as 1634. In 1641 Hondius printed the first volume in Leiden as Theatrum Flandriae but immediately sold the rights to Joan Blaeu. They published two volumes of the work in 1641 and 1644, respectively, with a fake publisher's address in Cologne. The work included numerous portraits, plans, views, and maps. Later, Blaeu used fifteen maps of the Flandria Illustrata for his Atlas Maior, and most of the plans were used in the town book of the Royal Netherlands.
In 1659 he published a history of Brabant abbeys and monasteries: the Chorographia sacra Brabantiae.

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Praenobili Magnifico Amplissimoq[ue] Magistratui inclytae civitatis Gandavensis

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Item Number:  30121 Authenticity Guarantee

Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Belgium

Old, antique map of the vicinity of Ghent (Gent), by Henricus Hondius.

Map with decorative borders at four sides showing views of 13 castles and the coat of arms of Ghent (with virgin, lion and flag).

Title: Praenobili Magnifico Amplissimoq[ue] Magistratui inclytae civitatis Gandavensis
hanc Territoy eisudem accuratam tabulam.
Dedicat Dicatq[ue] Henricus Hondius.


Oriented to the west.

Date: c. 1641.

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Image size: 380 x 465mm (14.96 x 18.31 inches).
Sheet size: 430 x 535mm (16.93 x 21.06 inches).
Verso: Blank.
Condition: Excellent.
Condition Rating: A+.

Separate publication.

Van deze uiterst zeldzame kaart konden wij enkel drie exemplaren localiseren: in het Archief van Gent, de Kon. Belg. Bibl., en de Bibl. Nat. Parijs.

In het midden: een naar het westen georiënteerde kaart van Gent (waterlopen, bruggen en stadsversterkingen) en de omgeving van de stad (waterlopen, wegen, kastelen, kerken, windmolens, galgen, Rietgracht). Rondom de kaart een band met vijftien cartouches met tekeningen, twee met de wapens van Vlaanderen en Gent en de dertien andere met kastelen in de omgeving van Gent:
- het kasteel van de heer van Overwale (aan de gelijknamige straat in Gent)
- de Belvedere (het buitengoed) van bisschop Antonius Triest in Ekkergem
- het kasteel van de baron van Pamele
- het goed ter Laect, eigendom van de familie van Coorenhuuse, heren van Uplinter (Oplinter), gelegen aan de Proeftuinstraat in Gent
- het kasteel Minnaert aan de Gentbruggekouter
- het kasteel van kanunnik Michel Vilain in Gentbrugge (Braemkasteelstraat, nabij het Braemkasteel, nu foutief Rattendalepark genoemd)
- het kasteel van Lodewijk de Blasere, heer van Idewalle, aan de Leie in Afsnee (Goedingenstraat)
- het kasteel van de heer van Meerkerke (Mariakerke) gezegd Vaernewyck (het huidige kasteeldomein Claeys-Bouüaert in Mariakerke)
- het kasteel van de baron van Jamoigne in Gentbrugge (nu kasteeldomein Speltinckx aan de Meersemdries)
- het Braemkasteel, dan bewoond door kanunnik Triest, heer van Rattendale (nu Braemkasteelstraat)
- het hof van Raveschoot in de Muinkmeersen in Gent (nu Raveschootstraat, Gent)
- het goed Foreeste, eigendom van de familie van der Cameren (nu Tussen Bermen, Gent)
- het kasteeltje van de heer van Novaretz aan het Strop (nu domein Broeders van Liefde, Stropstraat, Gent).

De kaart werd gemaakt om te verschijnen in Sanderus' Flandria Illustrata, 1641, maar is er nooit in opgenomen geweest.

Caullet schrijft hierover: "La Carte du district de Gand gravée par Henri Hondius 1641deze kaart was eene eerste maal uitgegeven, maar zonder de afbeeldingen in omlijsting, in een cartouche van het groot plan der stad van 1641. In de omlijsting zijn afgebeeld 13 kasteelen uit den omtrek van Gent: die van de heeren van Overwale, ... De opdracht is geteekend: Henricus Hondius. Die kaart was wellicht bestemd voor de Flandria. Uit een door den heer Van der Haeghen aangehaalden brief van Hondius vernemen wij dat deze op 22 Maart 1641 de kaart van het district Gent, naar zijne aanwijzigingen gewijzigd, ontvangen had; toch is hij niet voldaan. ...".

Het exemplaar beschreven door Caullet maakte deel uit van de Collectie van Pierre-Jacques Goetghebeur (1788-1866). Na diens overlijden werd de verzameling prenten betreffende Gent door de stad Gent aangekocht. Dit is het exemplaar dat nu in het Gents stadsarchief zit.

The Hondius Family

Jodocus Hondius the Elder (1563-1612)

Joost d’Hondt was born at Wakken (Flanders) in 1563. Two years later, his family settled down in Ghent, where young Joost displayed a great gift for drawing and calligraphy. By study and lessons, he developed his talents and became an engraver with a good reputation.

Due to the circumstances of war, he moved in 1584 to London where he settled down as an engraver, instrument-maker and map-maker. In 1587, he married Coletta van den Keere, sister of the well-known engraver, Pieter van den Keere (Petrus Kaerius); some years earlier his sister, Jacomina, had married Pieter van den Berghe (Petrus Montanus). Joost, who had latinized his name to Jodocus Hondius, closely co-operated with his two brothers-in-law.

The political situation in the Northern Netherlands in 1593 was such that Jodocus seemed to be justified in establishing himself in Amsterdam, where so many Antwerp printers, publishers, and engravers had gone. In this new centre of cartography, Jodocus Hondius set up his business “In de Wackere Hondt” (in the vigilant dog), this name being an allusion to his birthplace and name. Here he engraved many maps and published atlases and many other works such as his continuation of Gerard Mercator’s Atlas.

He suddenly passed away in February 1612. The publishing firm of Jodocus Hondius was continued by his widow; later on by his two sons Jodocus Jr., and Henricus, and by his son-in-law, J. Janssonius.

 

Jodocus Hondius II (1594-1629) & Henricus Hondius (1597-1651)

After the father’s death, the widow with her seven children continued publishing the atlases under the name of Jodocus Hondius till 1620. The firm was reinforced by the very welcome help of Joannes Janssonius (1588-1664), who married 24-year-old Elisabeth Hondius in 1612. After 1619 Mercator’s Atlas was published under the name of Henricus Hondius.

One of the most dramatic events in the early history of commercial cartography in Amsterdam was the sale of Jodocus Hondius Jr.’s copper-plates to Willem Jansz. Blaeu in 1629, the year of his death. At least 34 plates, from which Jodocus II had printed single-sheet maps for his own benefit, passed into the hands of his great competitor. Immediately after that, his brother, Henricus, and Joannes Janssonius ordered the engraving of identical plates.

During a long period, Henricus devoted all his energy to the publication of the Atlas. He saw its growth up to, and including, the fourth part in 1646; after that, his name does not figure any more on the title-pages. After 1638, the title of the Atlas was changed to Atlas Novus; it was mainly carried on by Joannes Janssonius.

The competition with the Blaeus dates from 1630. In 1630, Willem Janszoon (=Blaeu) made the first attack with his Atlantis Appendix. In 1635, Blaeu completed his Theatrum orbis terrarum in two volumes with texts in French, Latin, Dutch, and German, which prompted Henricus Hondius to speed up the enlargement of his Atlas.


Antonius Sanderus (Antwerpen, 1586 – Affligem, 1664)

Antoon Sanders (in Latin Antonius Sanderus) came from a distinguished Ghent family who, temporarily fleeing from the Ghent Republic, briefly stayed in Antwerp.
He started Latin studies in the Jesuit college of Oudenaarde and completed them in Ghent. Later he studied philosophy at the Jesuit College of Douai, where he became Master Artium in 1609.
In 1611 he was ordained a priest in Ghent. In the same year, he became the pastor of a few hamlets near Eeklo. Despite the Twelve Years' Truce, the situation in the region was unsafe for him, as he had written some controversial writings against, among other things, Anabaptism in Flanders.
In 1615 he became Baccalaureus in theology at the University of Leuven, and in 1619 he returned to Douai, where he obtained a degree in theology at the University of Douai.
In 1621 he returned to Ghent, where he enjoyed the protection of Bishop Antonius Triest, who in 1623 made him chaplain and secretary to Cardinal Alfonso de la Cueva, the governor of Philip IV of Spain in the Southern Netherlands.
In 1625 he became a canon of St. Martins' Church in Ypres.

In the meantime, he did research for a prestigious history work on the county of Flanders, the Flandria Illustrata. For those searches, he visited monasteries and castles to consult the archives, something that the other canons of Ypres were not so happy with because he was too little busy with his other duties.
That is why he resigned from his religious functions in 1654 and received the post of Censor Librorum in Brussels.
In 1668 he offered his resignation as a canon of the chapter of Ypres. Then, finally, he left the city to settle in the Affligem Abbey, where he was warmly received by the abbot Benedictus van Haeften.
He died there on January 16, 1664, and was buried in the abbey church.

Antonius Sanderus published historical works from 1610, but his magnum opus is the richly illustrated Flandria Illustrata, sive Descriptio Comitatus Istius per Totum Terrarum Orbis Terrarum. The publication was begun by Henricus Hondius, who had a publication contract with Sanderus as early as 1634. In 1641 Hondius printed the first volume in Leiden as Theatrum Flandriae but immediately sold the rights to Joan Blaeu. They published two volumes of the work in 1641 and 1644, respectively, with a fake publisher's address in Cologne. The work included numerous portraits, plans, views, and maps. Later, Blaeu used fifteen maps of the Flandria Illustrata for his Atlas Maior, and most of the plans were used in the town book of the Royal Netherlands.
In 1659 he published a history of Brabant abbeys and monasteries: the Chorographia sacra Brabantiae.

References: Caullet - p. 62

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