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Namur, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. 1581

CARTOUCHE: Namur, a very fair city on the River Meuse. COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The council for the whole county is held here. The people of this city are very experienced in warfare. The princes have a great liking for this city and French is spoken here, albeit in a rather garbled fashion." This engraving of Namur shows a bird's-eye view of the city from the south. It offers a clear overview of the topographical setting of the hilly city, which in the 16th century belonged to the House of Habsburg. On the roccky spur high above the Meuse lie a set of modest fortifications. In the 17th century these were expanded into a mighty citadel. Nevertheless, in 1692 the French, under Sébastien Le Prestre Marquis de Vauban's command, were able to capture the city, fortress and citadel after a siege lasting just a few weeks. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, also known as the 'Braun & Hogenberg', is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun, a skilled writer, wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572 and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg, a talented engraver, created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau, who provided valuable geographical information. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used as references. Translations appeared in German and French, making the atlas accessible to a wider audience.

Since its original publication of volume 1 in 1572, the Civitates Orbis Terrarum has left an indelible mark on the history of cartography. The first volume was followed by seven more editions in 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599, and 1612. Vol.2, initially released in 1575, saw subsequent editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes, each a treasure trove of historical insights, graced the world in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599, and 1606. The German translation of the first volume, a testament to its widespread appeal, debuted in 1574, followed by the French edition in 1575.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz, and Peter von Brachel, all of whom worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun, the author of the text accompanying the plans and views in the Civitates Orbis Terrarum, was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice, indicating his commitment to learning and intellectual pursuits. In 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree; in 1562, he received his Magister Artium, further demonstrating his academic achievements. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he continued his studies in theology, gaining a licentiate in theology. His theological background likely influenced the content and tone of the text in the Civitates Orbis Terrarum, adding a unique perspective to the work.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Namurcum, Elegantissima ad Mosae Flume Civitas.

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Item Number:  25415 Authenticity Guarantee

Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Belgium - Cities

Old, antique map - bird's-eye plan of Namur by Braun and Hogenberg.

CARTOUCHE: Namur, a very fair city on the River Meuse.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The council for the whole county is held here. The people of this city are very experienced in warfare. The princes have a great liking for this city and French is spoken here, albeit in a rather garbled fashion."

This engraving of Namur shows a bird's-eye view of the city from the south. It offers a clear overview of the topographical setting of the hilly city, which in the 16th century belonged to the House of Habsburg. On the roccky spur high above the Meuse lie a set of modest fortifications. In the 17th century these were expanded into a mighty citadel. Nevertheless, in 1692 the French, under Sébastien Le Prestre Marquis de Vauban's command, were able to capture the city, fortress and citadel after a siege lasting just a few weeks. (Taschen)

Date of the first edition: 1581
Date of this map: 1581

Copper engraving
Size (not including margins): 35 x 44cm (13.7 x 17.2 inches)
Verso text: Latin
Condition: Contemporary old coloured, excellent.
Condition Rating: A+
References: Van der Krogt 4, 2948; Fauser, 9475; Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.241.

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum. . Liber tertius. Cologne, Gottfried von Kempen, 1581. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.3)

CARTOUCHE: Namur, a very fair city on the River Meuse. COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "The council for the whole county is held here. The people of this city are very experienced in warfare. The princes have a great liking for this city and French is spoken here, albeit in a rather garbled fashion." This engraving of Namur shows a bird's-eye view of the city from the south. It offers a clear overview of the topographical setting of the hilly city, which in the 16th century belonged to the House of Habsburg. On the roccky spur high above the Meuse lie a set of modest fortifications. In the 17th century these were expanded into a mighty citadel. Nevertheless, in 1692 the French, under Sébastien Le Prestre Marquis de Vauban's command, were able to capture the city, fortress and citadel after a siege lasting just a few weeks. (Taschen)


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, also known as the 'Braun & Hogenberg', is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun, a skilled writer, wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572 and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg, a talented engraver, created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau, who provided valuable geographical information. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used as references. Translations appeared in German and French, making the atlas accessible to a wider audience.

Since its original publication of volume 1 in 1572, the Civitates Orbis Terrarum has left an indelible mark on the history of cartography. The first volume was followed by seven more editions in 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599, and 1612. Vol.2, initially released in 1575, saw subsequent editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes, each a treasure trove of historical insights, graced the world in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599, and 1606. The German translation of the first volume, a testament to its widespread appeal, debuted in 1574, followed by the French edition in 1575.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz, and Peter von Brachel, all of whom worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun, the author of the text accompanying the plans and views in the Civitates Orbis Terrarum, was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice, indicating his commitment to learning and intellectual pursuits. In 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree; in 1562, he received his Magister Artium, further demonstrating his academic achievements. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he continued his studies in theology, gaining a licentiate in theology. His theological background likely influenced the content and tone of the text in the Civitates Orbis Terrarum, adding a unique perspective to the work.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

References: Van der Krogt 4 - 2948; Fauser - 9475; Taschen (Br. Hog.) - p.241

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