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Loja, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg. 1593


COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Loja is an exquisite little town in Spain, about seven stone throws from the ducal city of Granada, situated on the road to Seville. It belongs to the bishopric of Granada. It has such a lovely and charming position that it would not be unjustified to refer to this town as a luxuriant pleasure garden, to which God the Almighty has given an abundance of all powerful herbs and fruits." 

The engraving shows a broad view from the north of the Andalusian city of Loja, seen from a low perspective. The Sierra de Loja Mountains rise up behind the town that is spread out in the valley. On the far right the road to Seville can be seen. The towering Alcazaba castle goes back to the time of the Moors, under whose rule Loja was called Medina Lawsa. This castle is an indication of Loja's military importance during the Reconquista: the fertile valley in which the city lies was an important access route to Granada, the capital of the Nasrid Empire of the Moors. In 1486 a united Spain was able to conquer Loja; six years later the last Moorish stronghold fell in Granada. Today this Spanish city in the province of Granada has a population of 21,000. (Taschen) 


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562, he received his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

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Loxa

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Item Number:  14706 Authenticity Guarantee

Category:  Antique maps > Europe > Spain and Portugal

Old, antique bird’s-eye view plan of Loja, by Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg.

Title: Loxa.

Date of the first edition: 1575.
Date of this map: 1593.

Copper engraving, printed on paper.
Size (not including margins): 354 x 488mm (13.94 x 19.21 inches).
Verso: Latin text.
Condition: Original coloured, some browning along centrefold, slight shine-through of verso text.
Condition Rating: B.

From: Civitates Orbis Terrarum, ... Part 2: De Praecipuis, Totius Universi Urbibus, Liber Secundus. Köln, Gottfried von Kempen, 1593. (Van der Krogt 4, 41:1.2)


COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Loja is an exquisite little town in Spain, about seven stone throws from the ducal city of Granada, situated on the road to Seville. It belongs to the bishopric of Granada. It has such a lovely and charming position that it would not be unjustified to refer to this town as a luxuriant pleasure garden, to which God the Almighty has given an abundance of all powerful herbs and fruits." 

The engraving shows a broad view from the north of the Andalusian city of Loja, seen from a low perspective. The Sierra de Loja Mountains rise up behind the town that is spread out in the valley. On the far right the road to Seville can be seen. The towering Alcazaba castle goes back to the time of the Moors, under whose rule Loja was called Medina Lawsa. This castle is an indication of Loja's military importance during the Reconquista: the fertile valley in which the city lies was an important access route to Granada, the capital of the Nasrid Empire of the Moors. In 1486 a united Spain was able to conquer Loja; six years later the last Moorish stronghold fell in Granada. Today this Spanish city in the province of Granada has a population of 21,000. (Taschen) 


Braun G. & Hogenberg F. and the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the "Braun & Hogenberg", is a six-volume town atlas and the most excellent book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. Many plates were engraved after the original drawings of a professional artist, a professional artist, Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600). The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, and the sixth in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel made those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographers Daniel Freese and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, seven further editions of 1575, 1577, 1582, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1612 can be identified. Vol.2, first issued in 1575, was followed by further editions in 1597 and 1612. The subsequent volumes appeared in 1581, 1588, 1593, 1599 and 1606. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on, and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

Georg Braun (1541-1622)

Georg Braun was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne, he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. 1561, he obtained his bachelor's degree, and in 1562, he received his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590)

Frans Hogenberg was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg.

By the end of the 1560s, Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius's Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named an engraver of numerous maps. In 1568, he was banned from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. He immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates, published in 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Thanks to large-scale projects like the Geschichtsblätter and the Civitates, Hogenberg's social circumstances improved with each passing year. He died as a wealthy man in Cologne in 1590.

References: Van der Krogt 4 - 2430; Taschen (Br. Hog.) - p.138

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